Born in Finland, I completed my PhD in international history at Boston University. After postdoctoral fellowships at Harvard University's Charles Warren Centre and at the Contemporary History Institute at Ohio University, I was lecturer in international history at the London School of Economics in 1995-2000. I am currently Professor of International History at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva, Switzerland, where I have taught since September 2000.

I have held a number of fellowships at such institutions as: the Woodrow Wilson Centre, the Norwegian Nobel Institute, and the United States Institute of Peace. In 2006 I was named Finland Distinguished Professor by the Academy of Finland. I am also the recipient of the Bernath Prize from the Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations (SHAFR) and have authored, co-authored or edited twelve books and countless articles and chapters. My work has appeared in seven languages (Arabic, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian and Turkish).

I consider myself a specialist of the international history of the Cold War, transatlantic relations, and the role of international institutions.   Among my publications are: An International History of Terrorism: Western and Non-Western Experiences (2013) and The Rise and Fall of Détente: American Foreign Policy and the Transformation of the Cold War (2013); Transatlantic Relations Since 1945: An Introduction (2012); The United Nations: A Very Short Introduction (2008, 2015); The Flawed Architect: Henry Kissinger and American Foreign Policy (2004); (with Odd Arne Westad), The Cold War: A History in Documents and Eyewitness Accounts (2003); and (with A. Best, J. Maiolo and K. Schultze) International History of the Twentieth Century and Beyond (2008, 2nd ed.), and other works.

I am currently working on two big book projects: The Cold War: A Transnational History and The Outsiders: Kissinger, Brzezinski, and the American Century.
Boston University, PhD, 1993
Areas of Research / Professional Expertise
Cold War
American Foreign Policy
Transatlantic Relations
International institutions
Personal Interests
Sports of any kind