Ludvig  Norman Author of Evaluating Organization Development

Ludvig Norman

Uppsala University/ UC Berkeley

Ludvig Norman is Researcher and Lecturer at Uppsala University and Visiting Scholar at the UC Berkeley Institute of European Studies (2016-2017). His research focuses on the EU and international political orders more generally, drawing on debates in IR as well as in political theory. He is the author of The Mechanisms of Institutional Conflict in the European Union (2016 ) and is currently working on a book on conceptions of politics and society in reactions to the European radical right,


I received my PhD from Uppsala University in 2013 and have since then worked as Researcher and Lecturer at the Department of Government in Uppsala. For the academic year 2016-2017 I am taking up an appointment as Visiting Scholar at UC Berkeley where I am joining the Institute of European Studies. I am currently embarking on a new avenue of research focusing the dynamics between the political mainstream and radical right-wing political movements at the European level. This is also the subject of an ongoing book project to be completed by 2018. Apart from an interest in European politics and international political orders more generally I also nurture an interest in research methods, more specifically qualitative methods and process tracing. I teach methods and at the Department of Government in Uppsala and have previously published on these issues in the QMMR Newsletter of the American Political Science Association.

Areas of Research / Professional Expertise

    International organizations and security politics have been at the heart of my research, with a specific focus on the European Union. More recently, I have broadened my research focus to include questions of how international political orders built around broadly defined liberal democratic values respond to the emergence of radical right-wing and extremist political movements. In this context I am engaging with notions of militant democracy and more general debates in political theory on the limits of democratic (international) political orders.  On a theoretical level my research has been informed by an interest in how norms, ideas and social practices shape preferences of institutionally situated actors, to help explain their actions. Concretized in empirical research, qualitative interviews and document studies have been used to unveil the dynamics of processes leading to particular outcomes. This research has fed into theoretical debates specifically developed in the field of International Relations (IR) in recent decades. Discussions on the social mechanisms underlying broader international dynamics, such as institutional stability and change, cooperation and conflict, are an intrinsic part of these debates. The focus on social action in the international sphere also dovetails with methodological discussions on how to best uncover such mechanisms. Previous work has appeared in European Journal of International Relations, Journal of European Public Policy and Review of International Studies.



Featured Title
 Featured Title - Mechanisms of Institutional Conflict - Norman - 1st Edition book cover


European Journal of International Relations

Conceptualizing European security cooperation: Competing international political

Published: Oct 01, 2015 by European Journal of International Relations
Authors: Ludvig Norman and Anna Michalski

It is commonly argued that political elites in Europe are increasingly acting in accordance with shared norms, identities and practices, thus shaping the character of international cooperation in Europe, not least in the field of security. However, in contrast to such expectations, European security cooperation often displays highly irregular and unpredictable patterns. This article offers a conceptual framework that seeks to make sense of these irregular patterns.

Journal of European Public Policy

When norms and rules collide

Published: Nov 26, 2014 by Journal of European Public Policy
Authors: Ludvig Norman

This paper addresses the question of when and why institutional conflicts break out over decision-making competencies in the European Union. The general argument is formulated as a social mechanism termed the rupture mechanism, its potential demonstrated by evidence from an in-depth process tracing study of one of the most controversial institutional conflicts between the Council and the Commission in the 2000s.

Review of International Studies

Political utilisation of scholarly ideas: the ‘clash of civilisations’ vs. ‘Soft

Published: Apr 30, 2010 by Review of International Studies
Authors: Ludvig Norman and Johan Eriksson

This article discusses how and under what conditions ideas coming from International Relations (IR) scholarship are used in foreign policy. Focusing on political utilisation highlights types and mechanisms of political impact, which are overlooked in studies on policy relevance. The fruitfulness of this change in focus is showed in an analysis of how Samuel Huntington's ‘clash of civilizations’ notion and Joseph Nye's ‘soft power’ concept have been used in US foreign policy.