Jan-Erik  Johanson Author of Evaluating Organization Development
FEATURED AUTHOR

Jan-Erik Johanson

Professor, chair
University of Tampere, Faculty of Management

Johanson is a chair of Administrative Science at Tampere University, Faculty of Management and Business, Finland. In addition to co-edited and co-authored books ”Hybrid governance” and ”Governing hybrid organisations” by Routledge he has recently published a book ”Strategy formation and policy making in government” by Palgrave. He is a co-coordinator of IRSPM special interest group on managing and governing hybridity.

Biography

My academic background is in the type of political science which combines politics, public administration, and international relations within a single discipline. The compilation of these perspectives enables to see power and implementation as enmeshed in global aspects of organizing any meaningful activity in social life.

The key impetus in writing the book on hybridity has been the interest in combining the strategic goal-oriented action with the performance measurement regime within expanding population of organizations which is particularly ambiguous in terms of its goal-setting and performance measurement. The book has greatly benefited from the complementary expertise of strategic management and performance measurement between me and my co-author Jarmo Vakkuri and from the fertile academic community at the faculty of management and business in Tampere University.

The formation of Special interest group In international society of public management (IRSPM) has been very helpful in sorting out ideas related to hybridity. It comprises of  a lively group of scholars.

My interest in the governance of hybrids rose from the research project on pension power and later on hybridity within health policy. The intriguing result of the examination of such systems was that the functioning of hybrids cannot be properly assessed from any singular perspective. Such systems are often a result from contradictions and mutual adjustment among political views, business interest and local communities.

Currently, hybrid arrangements are gaining more ground in other areas of government policies in health, social, and education not to mention the earlier market emulating reforms within energy, telecommunications and transportation.

The future governance of hybrid organizations is not strictly defined nor thoroughly examined yet. There is plenty of work still to be done. One such endeavor is the research project Performance Measurement for Hybrid Governance (2016-2020) within Faculty of Management at Tampere Univeraity which provides a wonderful platform for international cooperation for the examination of hybridity.

Do not hesitate to contact us if you are interested in cooperation in studying hybrid arrangements.

Areas of Research / Professional Expertise

    Public administration, Strategic management, hybrid organisations, social and health policy, pension policy,  digitalization, social networks

Personal Interests

    Gardening, literature, cinema.

    During my schoolyears I had the opportunity to tend the flora of a nearby industrial estate for five consequtive summers, and after 30 years, I'm able to view the results of the work done through my home window. Some of the trees I planted have grown quite tall already!

Websites

Books

Articles

Society as an interaction space

Perspectives on hybridity


Published: Mar 19, 2020 by Society as an interaction space
Authors: Jan-Erik Johanson, Jarmo Vakkuri
Subjects: Political Science, Business, Management and Accounting, Sociology & Social Policy

It is too simplistic to see hybridity only as a type of organisation. Hybrids appear in micro, meso and macro levels of activity consisting of pairwise interactions and network constellations between business firms and public agencies. Cleantech industry, health policy national innovation systems and global air travel are showcases of hybrid activities in higher than organisational level of analysis. The current classifications of organisations do not acknowledge the existence of hybrids.

Qualitative Research in Accounting & Management

Failed promises – performance measurement ambiguities in hybrid universities


Published: Mar 19, 2020 by Qualitative Research in Accounting & Management
Authors: Jarmo Vakkuri, Jan-Erik Johanson
Subjects: Political Science, Business, Management and Accounting, Sociology & Social Policy

This paper aims to analyse performance measurement ambiguities in hybrid universities. In accounting research, performance measurement of universities has been discussed in detail, and there is some research on impacts of hybridity in institutional systems. This paper fills this research gap by providing more elaborate basis for conceptualizing performance measurement ambiguities through the lenses of hybrid universities.

Public Money & Management 38(3)

Debate: Taming the monster— understanding hybrid organizations and governance


Published: Mar 27, 2018 by Public Money & Management 38(3)
Authors: Jarmo Vakkuri, Jan-Erik Johanson

With hybridity, it makes little sense to commit oneself to one universal notion of rationality to understand institutional action. Instead, we should explore organizational life through the lens of multiple rationalities. Fundamental virtues of economic reasoning and goal setting need to be combined with the idea of hybrid action, which involves a multiplicity of goals, accountabilities, and performances.

Administrative Sciences 7(2),16

Government Programme as a Strategy—The Finnish Experience


Published: Jul 20, 2017 by Administrative Sciences 7(2),16
Authors: Johanson, JE. ; Pekkola, E.; Husman, P.

This article uses strategy metaphors consisting of a plan, a home and a game to study government programme formation in Finland. The strategy approach both contradicts and complements the traditional political science approach to government formation. The government programme has been strategic in the sense of separating the formulation and implementation parts of the strategy. The most important function of the metaphor of plan is to hold coalition parties together.

International Review of Administrative Sciences. 84, 3

The Effect of Stakeholder Inclusion on Public Sector Project Innovation


Published: Jul 20, 2016 by International Review of Administrative Sciences. 84, 3
Authors: Godenhjelm, S; Johanson, JE
Subjects: Business, Management and Accounting, Sociology & Social Policy

The delivery of public services in collaborative agency networks has given rise to an increasing use of projects in administering policy and service delivery. Projects are assumed to provide mechanisms by which flexibility can be achieved and innovative solutions produced. The aim of the article is to advance the understanding of collaboration between stakeholders and its effect on innovation

International Review of Public Administration 19 (2), 193-205.

Institutional work and accountability in public-private partnerships


Published: Jul 20, 2014 by International Review of Public Administration 19 (2), 193-205.
Authors: Sorsa, VP; Johanson, JE
Subjects: Economics, Finance, Business & Industry, Sociology

The large-scale emergence of public–private partnerships (PPPs) has drawn attention to the mechanisms of accountability in PPPs. The purpose of this article is to develop a theoretical framework for studying the institutional logics of accountability in PPPs by including institutional work projects in an analysis

Developments  in public and strategic management. Studies in the US and Europe

Strategic governance in public agencies


Published: Jul 03, 2014 by Developments in public and strategic management. Studies in the US and Europe
Authors: Jan-Erik Johanson
Subjects: Economics, Finance, Business & Industry, Business, Management and Accounting

In this study three roles for public agencies with their immediate social surrounding is identified; 1) the mediator 2) business partner, and 3) antitrust agent. The resulting scheme shows that the public agencies are attuned to both building and destruction of relationships within their immediate social surrounding.

International Journal of Information Management 31 (3), 217–-225.

Role of knowledge conversion and social networks in team performance


Published: Jul 20, 2011 by International Journal of Information Management 31 (3), 217–-225.
Authors: Janhonen, M.; Johanson JE
Subjects: Economics, Finance, Business & Industry, Sociology

This study aims to find out how different processes of knowledge management and patterns of social networking affect team performance. Our data on teams originate from a sample of different organizations from a variety of both public and private industries in Finland (76 teams; 499 employees). One of the main deficiencies in the current literature on knowledge and networks is that they tend to concentrate on specific types of teams in a single organization context.

Public Administration

Strategy formation in public agencies


Published: Jul 02, 2008 by Public Administration
Authors: Jan-Erik Johanson

The main contribution of this study is the identification of three modes of strategy for public agencies based on strategic thought in a corporate environment. Strategic design, internal strategic scanning, and strategic governance embody three distinct modes of strategy relevant in the public sector.

News

Slides presenting the topics of hybrid governance, organisation and society

By: Jan-Erik Johanson
Subjects: Business, Management and Accounting, Political Science, Politics & International Relations, Sociology & Social Policy, Sociology, Criminology and Criminal Justice

These slides will walk you through the global empirical insight of the edited book.

Hybrid governance, organisation and society on the way

By: Jan-Erik Johanson
Subjects: Business, Management and Accounting, Political Science, Politics & International Relations, Sociology & Social Policy, Sociology, Criminology and Criminal Justice

The book includes examination of types of value creation and levels of value creation

  • Geographical coverage: Europe (Austria, Finland, Italy, Netherlands) South-America (Brazil) and Asia (China, Japan)
  • Topical examples: Social enterprises, State-owned enterprises, Social service organisations, Project organisations, Pension governance, Higher education institutions
  • Postscript offered by professor Barry Bozeman
  • ISBN Hardback: 978-0-367-22211-6
  • eBook:   978-0-429-28624-7

Book review for Governing hybrid organisations

By: Jan-Erik Johanson
Subjects: Business, Management and Accounting, Sociology & Social Policy, Sociology, Criminology and Criminal Justice

 

..With fearless attitudes, Jan-Erik Johanson and Jarmo Vakkuri approach hybrid organizations in their new book, published by Routledge. The strength of the work is that the writers dare to think outside the box and are able to write in a relaxed fashion. The text runs smoothly and through well-chosen examples, the reader’s attention is captivated. The best of the book is definitely the last three chapters. They discuss the theoretically interesting relationship between the hybrid organizations in terms of strategic management and the principles of performance (the so-called three e:s). Looking at the university institution from the perspective of hybridization is an excellent and thought-provoking exercise.

Petri Uusikylä in Administrative Studies 1/2018, pp.71-72.

Slides for governing hybrid organisations

By: Jan-Erik Johanson
Subjects: Business, Management and Accounting, Sociology & Social Policy, Sociology, Criminology and Criminal Justice

Complementary slides for the book governing hybrid organizations. Slides will walk you through main features of the book in a concise fashion.

Performance measurement for hybrid Governance (HYPER)

By: Jan-Erik Johanson
Subjects: Business, Management and Accounting, Political Science, Politics & International Relations, Sociology & Social Policy, Sociology, Criminology and Criminal Justice

Great News

There is a Research project on performance measurement for hybrid governance in the School of Management at the University of Tampere. Project Began in the autumn 2017 and It is planned to last until August 2021. Principal Investigator is Professor Jarmo Vakkuri. Main source of funding is the Academy of Finland.

The framework of hybrid governance.

Forms of organizing social activities, institutions and work have always beenubiquitous but never self-explanatory. There is a long-standing discussion on markets, hierarchies, networks and hybrids exploring the richness of social forms of organizing. With respect to pursuing important societal activities, such as improving the level of education, maintaining health and keeping up infrastructure, it is sometimes difficult to disentangle public organizations and activities from private efforts. It has become commonplace to use the concept of hybrids to depict the institutional space between the publicand private sectors.

It is possible to talk about hybrids in the context of markets andhierarchies as well as in the context of public and private forms of action. In this project, hybrid forms of governance refer to institutional settings in which corporations with both public and private owners may operate toward public internet or activity, or where private (for-profit or non-profit) firms increasingly take care of the public service provision.