Gabriel  Eckstein Author of Evaluating Organization Development

Gabriel Eckstein

Professor of Law
Texas A&M University school of Law

Gabriel Eckstein is a Professor of Law focusing on water, natural resources, and environmental law and policy issues at the local, national, and international levels.


Gabriel Eckstein is a Professor of Law focusing on water, natural resources, and environmental law and policy issues at the local, national, and international levels. He regularly advises UN agencies, national and sub-national governments, non-governmental organizations, and other entities on US and international water and environmental issues. He also directs the consultancy International H2O Solutions, LLC ( and the non-profit International Water Law Project ( Furthermore, he serves as Associate Editor for Brill Research Perspectives: International Water Law and on the Editorial Board of the Journal of Water Law. Along with his Juris Doctor, Professor Eckstein holds an LL.M. in International Environmental Law, an M.S. in International Affairs, and a B.A. in Geology.


    LLM (Master in Law), American University
    Juris Doctor, , American University
    M.S. International Affairs, Florida State University
    Dual B.A., Geology/International Relations, Kent State Univ

Areas of Research / Professional Expertise

    Governance and management of transboundary waters; bulk transfers of freshwater resources across international boundaries; climate change and freshwater resources; pharmaceutical wastes in the aquatic environment

Personal Interests

    Travel, science fiction, outdoors



Featured Title
 Featured Title - International Law Transboundary Groundwater - Eckstein - 1st Edition book cover


Ground Water

Aquifers Shared between Mexico and the U.S.: management perspectives and their t

Published: Oct 05, 2017 by Ground Water
Authors: Rosario Sanchez

This paper identifies management mechanisms, structures, and institutional prioritization related to transboundary aquifers shared between Mexico and the United States. It also evaluates the differences in the transboundary nature of these aquifers, and how their combined hydrological and geographical considerations interrelate with local and regional social, economic, political, and even scale dimensions to create complex management challenges.

Journal of Hydrology

Identifying and Characterizing Transboundary Aquifers Along the Mexico-US Border

Published: Mar 20, 2016 by Journal of Hydrology
Authors: Rosario Sanchez, Victoria Lopez

This paper reviews existing international frameworks for identifying hydrological and social criteria that characterize an aquifer as transboundary. It then assesses data from Mexico and the US to propose where and which aquifers could be considered transboundary. Finally, the paper proposes an agenda for assessing Mexico-US transboundary aquifers as a means for improving groundwater management in the border region.

NYU Environmental Law Journal

Drugs on Tap: Managing Pharmaceuticals in Our Nation's Waters

Published: Sep 07, 2015 by NYU Environmental Law Journal
Authors: Gabriel Eckstein

This article explores the regulation of pharmaceutical wastes in the aquatic environment in the US. After describing the scope of the problem and the deficiencies and loopholes in the existing statutory and regulatory regime, the Article proposes that regulations should be targeted at the earlier lifecycle stages of pharmaceuticals so as to prevent such wastes from reaching the natural environment and, thereby, to reduce the risks to people, communities, species, and ecosystems.

Review of European Community & International Environmental La

The Law of Transboundary Aquifers: Many Ways of Going Forward, But Only One Way

Published: Apr 16, 2014 by Review of European Community & International Environmental La
Authors: Francesco Sindico

In 2008, the UN General Assembly adopted the Draft Articles on the Law of Transboundary Aquifers. Since then, the topic has thrice been on the agenda of the UNGA Sixth Committee with a specific mandate to discuss the future form of the Draft Articles. This article explores the options before the international community regarding the future form of the Draft Articles and considers the possible advantages and disadvantages of each option.

Water International

Minute 319: A Cooperative Approach to Mexico-US Hydro-Relations on the Colorado

Published: Apr 14, 2014 by Water International
Authors: Regina M. Buono

Minute 319 to the Mexico-US 1944 treaty governing the Colorado River was adopted, in part, to respond to the 2010 Mexicali earthquake, as well as address dwindling water supplies in the basin. By implementing measures to share both shortages and surpluses, and by facilitating long-term collaborative efforts that engender interdependencies, the amendment commits the parties to cooperate and may serve as a model for other regions sharing limited transboundary freshwater resources.

Georgetown International Environmental Law Review

Rethinking Transboundary Ground Water Resources Management: A Local Approach

Published: Apr 20, 2013 by Georgetown International Environmental Law Review
Authors: Gabriel Eckstein

This article proposes that to properly manage transboundary aquifers on the Mexico-US border, subnational entities at the regional and local level should pursue cooperation in the form of locally-specific, cross-border arrangements. Such arrangements are likely more achievable and apt to create viable cross-border pacts that would be respected by the local communities. They are also more likely to achieve a sustainable and water-secure future for the border region.

Water Resources Development

The Silala/Siloli Watershed: Dispute over the Most Vulnerable Basin in South Ame

Published: Sep 01, 2011 by Water Resources Development
Authors: Brendan M. Mulligan

This paper presents a brief case study of the Silala/Siloli Basin, shared by Bolivia and Chile, including a physical description, historical review, summary of current status, and discussion of the legal context of the transboundary Silala Basin.

International Community Law Review

Buried Treasure or Buried Hope? The Status of Mexico-U.S. Transboundary Aquifers

Published: Aug 11, 2011 by International Community Law Review
Authors: Gabriel Eckstein

Transboundary aquifers found along the 2,000 mile border between Mexico and the US are not governed by any treaty. The absence of an agreement for the management and allocation of this critical resource could lead to bi-national economic, social and environmental tragedies. This study considers the obstacles to the development of an international agreement between Mexico and the US. It also looks at existing sources of law at the local, regional, national, and international levels of governance.

Wisconsin International Law Journal

Water Scarcity, Conflict, and Security in a Climate Change World: Challenges and

Published: Jun 21, 2009 by Wisconsin International Law Journal
Authors: Gabriel Eckstein

This article explores the impact that climate change will have on regional and global freshwater resources and the resulting legal and policy implications that will challenge all nations. In particular, it assesses the ability of international water law to respond to climate change consequences and offers recommendations that could help nations and the international community to meet the challenges posed by this global phenomenon.

American University International Law Revie

A Hydrogeological Approach to Transboundary Ground Water Resources and Internati

Published: Sep 21, 2003 by American University International Law Revie
Authors: Yoram Eckstein

This paper propose six models in which ground water resources can have international implications. These models are based on basic hydrogeological principles and actual examples. They are intended to help in the evaluation of the applicability and scientific soundness of proposed and existing rules governing shared ground water resources. Through such analyses, it is hoped that the models assist in the development of clear, logical, and appropriate norms of state conduct.