Sandro  Carnicelli Author of Evaluating Organization Development

Sandro Carnicelli

University of the West of Scotland

Dr. Sandro Carnicelli is a Senior Lecturer in Events and Tourism Management at the University of the West of Scotland. Sandro has published in the main international journals in Tourism and Leisure and has edited 2 books for Routledge. He is currently the Associate Editor for the Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning and sits on the Executive Board of the Leisure Studies Association as well as on the Board of the Association for British Professional Conference Organizers (ABPCO)


Dr. Sandro Carnicelli is  a Senior Lecturer in Events and Tourism Management at the University of the West of Scotland. Sandro has been developing research and working in the field of Tourism in Brazil, New Zealand and Scotland for 10 years. Sandro has published articles in international journals including Annals of Tourism Research, Tourism Management, Leisure Studies, Annals of Leisure Research, Journal of Teaching in Travel & Tourism, and World Leisure. He is also a member of the ABRATUR (International Academy for the Development of Tourism Research in Brazil), he is on the Executive Board (Treasurer) of the Leisure Studies Association, and of the Association of British Professional Conference Organisers (ABPCO). In 2018 Sandro was selected to join the Young Academy of Scotland of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. Sandro is also on the Editorial Board of Tourism Management Perspectives, on the International Board of the journal Annals of Leisure Research and is the Associate Editor for the Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning.

Areas of Research / Professional Expertise

    My main areas of research are: Adventure Tourism, Tourism Education, Events Management, volunteering, emotional Labour, Leisure Studies

Personal Interests

    I'm personally interested in interdisciplinary education, outdoors, sustainability, tourism



Featured Title
 Featured Title - Digital Leisure Cultures: McGillivray et al - 1st Edition book cover


Hospitality & Society

Hospitality in Wild Places

Published: Jun 01, 2018 by Hospitality & Society
Authors: Peter Varley, Jelena Farkic, Sandro Carnicelli

We contribute to the hospitality work research agenda by reconsidering the role of outdoor adventure guides as agents of hospitality, set against a conceptual backdrop of deepening ontological insecurity in industrialized societies. We argue that the concepts of dwelling, communitas and hygge have much to offer in the delivery of outdoor hospitality in general, and in outdoor adventure tourism scenarios in particular.

Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism Education

The promotion of social justice: Service learning for transformative education

Published: Jan 16, 2017 by Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism Education
Authors: Sandro Carnicelli, Karla Boluk
Subjects: Tourism, Hospitality and Events

The paper presents the scenario and ontological reasoning behind three social justice projects developed by the authors. It is followed up by an exploration of service learning as a tool to be used to disrupt the traditional in-class learning approach. Service learning is connected to transformative education as a framework to enhance the reflections regarding the three activities.

Leisure Studies

Reclaiming the ‘L’word: Leisure Studies and UK Higher Education in neoliberal times

Published: Nov 30, 2016 by Leisure Studies
Authors: Thomas Fletcher, Sandro Carnicelli, Stefan Lawrence, Robert Snape

Leisure is a major sphere of both private and public life. It is thus of concern that the identity and profile of Leisure Studies in the Higher Education curricula of the United Kingdom have declined in prominence over the past decade. The aim of this article is to investigate the impacts of the declining status of Leisure Studies as experienced by lecturers and researchers in the subject field.

Journal of Teaching in Travel & Tourism

Activism and Critical Reflection through Experiential Learning

Published: Aug 21, 2015 by Journal of Teaching in Travel & Tourism
Authors: Karla Boluk, Sandro Carnicelli
Subjects: Tourism, Hospitality and Events

The aim of this study was to explore the emergence of two educational groups: Academics for a Better World (AFBW) in 2012/2013 in Scotland and Sweden and Volunteering Academy in 2014 in Scotland. Utilizing a reflexive approach, we have highlighted how these initiatives became a conduit for fostering community activism, transformational learning, critical reflection, and empowerment among students.

Annals of Tourism Research

The emotional life of adventure guides

Published: Oct 01, 2013 by Annals of Tourism Research
Authors: Sandro Carnicelli
Subjects: Tourism, Hospitality and Events

Adventure tourism has been widely explored in recent years as have the emotions involved in activities such as skiing, white-water rafting, rock-climbing, and sky-diving. This article is based on empirical research with adventure guides in Queenstown, New Zealand, and presents a new framework called “Emotional Life” formed by emotional management at work, emotional management at non-work and emotional simulacrum.

Annals of Leisure Research

Rafting guides: Leisure, work and lifestyle

Published: Jul 19, 2011 by Annals of Leisure Research
Authors: Sandro Carnicelli

This paper analyses the relationship between work and leisure for rafting guides, linking these topics with an overarching concept of lifestyle. This paper is based on six weeks of fieldwork conducted in Queenstown, New Zealand, where the researcher had in‐depth contact with 26 rafting guides, following their workdays and leisure activities and using informal conversations and participant observation as methods of data collection.

Tourism Management

Fear and adventure tourism in Brazil

Published: Dec 01, 2010 by Tourism Management
Authors: Sandro Carnicelli-Filho, Gisele Maria Schwartz, Alexander Klein Tahara
Subjects: Tourism, Hospitality and Events

The search for new non-routine emotions and sensations has become a decisive factor in taking part in adventure tourism. This study not only aimed to consolidate fear as a fundamental emotion in performing such activities but also to stimulate interest for further studies in this area.