Milena  Parent Author of Evaluating Organization Development
FEATURED AUTHOR

Milena Parent

Associate Professor
University of Ottawa & Norwegian School of Sport Sciences

Milena M. Parent, PhD., is an Associate Professor at the University of Ottawa and Norwegian School of Sport Sciences. She is a research fellow of the North American Society for Sport Management and an Early Researcher Award holder of the Government of Ontario. Her research areas include organization theory and strategic management as they relate to preparing and hosting major sports events. She is notably interested in stakeholder management, networks and governance aspects.

Biography

Milena Parent is an Associate Professor in sport management in the School of Human Kinetics at the University of Ottawa, as well as at the Norwegian School of Sport Sciences. She holds a Young Researcher Award from the University of Ottawa (2009) and an Early Researcher Award from the Government of Ontario (2010). She was also named a Research Fellow of the North American Society for Sport Management in 2009. She and one of her doctoral students also won the 2014 Sport Management Association of Australia and New Zealand Best Conference Paper Award.

Dr. Parent’s research focuses on organization theory and strategic management, primarily in the context of major sport events (e.g., the Pan American Games, the Games of La Francophonie, FINA World Aquatics Championships, the Youth Olympic Games, and the Olympic Games). She is interested in the governance and management of the relationships between the organizing committee and its various stakeholders. She teaches sport management courses in both official languages at the undergraduate and graduate levels.

She obtained her PhD from the Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation at the University of Alberta. She became interested in sport management because of her background in figure skating, having been a competitive figure skater, coach, volunteer, and administrator. This led to a masters' degree in Sport Administration and a stint as the Technical Officials’ Coordinator for the 2001 Games of La Francophonie. Most recently, she was a protocol and language services manager for the 2010 Vancouver Olympic Winter Games. She has also consulted for the Aquatics Federation of Canada, the Office of the Commissioner of Official Languages, and the International Olympic Committee. She currently sits on the Canadian Sport Policy 2012 Policy Implementation and Monitoring Work Group and is co-chair of the 2015 North American Society for Sport Management Conference.

Dr. Parent’s international research program on sport event governance has garnered her over $1 million in external funding (research grants, operational, and contracts) from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, governments, and industry as principal investigator or co-investigator.

She has obtained published articles in top management and sport management journals including the Journal of Sport Management, European Sport Management Quarterly, Sport Management Review, Journal of Business Ethics, and Event Management. She is the co-author of Managing Major Sports Events: Theory and Practice (with Sharon Smith-Swan, Routledge, 2013), Understanding Sport Organizations: The Application of Organization Theory (2nd edition, with Trevor Slack, Human Kinetics, 2006), and Key Concepts in Sport Management (with Terri Byers and Trevor Slack, SAGE, 2012). She has co-edited The Routledge Handbook of Sports Event Management (with Jean-Loup Chappelet, Routledge, 2015) and The Youth Olympic Games (with Dag Vidar Hanstad and Barrie Houlihan, Routledge, 2014). She has presented her research at various international management and sport management conferences, including the North American Society for Sport Management, European Association for Sport Management, Sport Management Association of Australia and New Zealand, Administrative Sciences Association of Canada, and Academy of Management conferences.

Areas of Research / Professional Expertise

    Sport management; Sport event management; Organization theory; Strategic management; Stakeholder network management; Governance

Personal Interests

    Good food, good wine, good books, Argentine Tango, and travel

Websites

Books

Featured Title
 Featured Title - Handbook of Sports Event Management: Parent & Chappelet - 1st Edition book cover

Articles

International Review for the Sociology of Sport

The sustainability of the Youth Olympic Games: Stakeholder networks and institut


Published: Jul 04, 2015 by International Review for the Sociology of Sport
Authors: Parent, M. M., Kristiansen, E., Skille, E., Hanstad, D.V.
Subjects: Business, Management and Accounting, Sports and Leisure

This paper explored the Youth Olympic Games’ (YOG) potential sustainability (survival and success) through an analysis of how actors exert various forms of pressure on the YOG. The stakeholder network analysis revealed three central stakeholders for the YOG’s sustainability: the International Olympic Committee (IOC), the media (press and broadcast), and the athletes’ parents.

Sport Management Review

'We can do it': Community, resistance, social solidarity, and long-term voluntee


Published: May 01, 2015 by Sport Management Review
Authors: 8. Kristiansen, E., Skirstad, B., Parent, M. M., Waddington, I
Subjects: Business, Management and Accounting, Sports and Leisure

This study contextualizes the long-term commitment found in a whole community of volunteers and to explain this pattern of collective volunteering not in terms of individual motivations but in terms of broader social processes. Long-term volunteering can be understood in terms of (i) a high level of social integration; (ii) the creation of a collective identity focused around the ski flying hill; and (iii) the maintenance and reinforcement of strong community identity and social solidarity

Sport Management Review

Urban sportscapes: An environmental deterministic perspective on the management


Published: May 01, 2015 by Sport Management Review
Authors: 9. O'Reilly, N., Berger, I., Hernandez, T., Parent, M.M., Seguin, B
Subjects: Business, Management and Accounting, Sports and Leisure

This paper examines sport participation from an environmental perspective by considering the dynamic role of the sportscape (built-form and supporting infrastructure) in enabling, facilitating and promoting youth sport participation. The results demonstrate that the geography of sport is not only about where sport venue built-forms are located, but also what types of sport infrastructure are available.

Journal of Sport Management

Evolution and issue patterns for major-sport-event organizing committees


Published: Mar 13, 2015 by Journal of Sport Management
Authors: Parent, M.M.
Subjects: Business, Management and Accounting, Sports and Leisure, Tourism, Hospitality and Events

The purpose of this article is to develop a framework of how organizing committees operationally evolve and the types of issues with which they and their stakeholders must deal.

Event Management

Athletes' experiences at the Youth Olympic Games


Published: Oct 07, 2014 by Event Management
Authors: Parent, M. M., Kristiansen, E., MacIntosh, E. W.
Subjects: Sports and Leisure, Tourism, Hospitality and Events

The purpose of this article was to understand young athletes' experiences at a youth sport festival, specifically the Youth Olympic Games (YOG). A mixed methods approach was used, comprising of qualitative and quantitative questionnaires with athletes from Canada and Norway, and observations during the 2012 Winter YOG in Innsbruck, Austria.

Sport Management Review

The theory and practice of knowledge management and transfer


Published: May 01, 2014 by Sport Management Review
Authors: Parent, M. M., MacDonald, D., Goulet, G.
Subjects: Business, Management and Accounting, Sports and Leisure, Tourism, Hospitality and Events

The purpose of this paper was to examine the theory and practice of knowledge management processes, using the Olympic Games as the empirical setting and the Olympic Games Organizing Committee and its stakeholders as participants.

Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences

Organizational Culture Evolution in Temporary Organizations


Published: Oct 30, 2013 by Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences
Authors: Parent, M. M., MacIntosh, E. W.
Subjects: Business, Management and Accounting, Sports and Leisure, Tourism, Hospitality and Events

We examine organizational culture evolution within a temporary organization, specifically the 2010 Olympic Winter Games organizing committee, by exploring aspects of the work environment.

European Sport Management Quarterly

The Youth Olympic Games: The best of the Olympics or a poor copy?


Published: Apr 04, 2013 by European Sport Management Quarterly
Authors: Hanstad, D. V., Parent, M. M., Kristiansen, E.
Subjects: Business, Management and Accounting, Sports and Leisure, Tourism, Hospitality and Events

This paper explores the new event in the Olympic Movement, the Youth Olympic Games (YOG) in Innsbruck, Austria, in 2012, and examines the similarities and differences between the winter editions of the YOG and the Olympic Games (OG).

International Review for the Sociology of Sport

The Sustainability of the Youth Olympic Games


Published: Apr 02, 2013 by International Review for the Sociology of Sport
Authors: Parent, M. M., Kristiansen, E., Skille, E., Hanstad, D.V.
Subjects: Business, Management and Accounting, Sociology & Social Policy, Sports and Leisure, Tourism, Hospitality and Events

This paper explored the Youth Olympic Games’ (YOG) potential sustainability (survival and success) through an analysis of how actors exert various forms of pressure on the YOG.

Sport Management Review

How to win a bid for major sporting events?


Published: Aug 01, 2012 by Sport Management Review
Authors: Hautbois, C., Parent, M. M., Séguin, B.
Subjects: Business, Management and Accounting, Sports and Leisure, Tourism, Hospitality and Events

Using the power, legitimacy and urgency framework by Mitchell et al. (1997), we examine the 2018 Olympic Winter Games’ French national bid competition (four candidacies) to analyse the stakeholder relationships, identify their salience and then determine stakeholder-based bid key success factors.

European Sport Management Quarterly

The (neo) institutionalization of legacy and its sustainable governance


Published: Jun 26, 2012 by European Sport Management Quarterly
Authors: Leopkey, B., Parent, M. M
Subjects: Business, Management and Accounting, Sports and Leisure, Tourism, Hospitality and Events

The purpose of this article was to further explore the emergence of legacy and the process through which it becomes a taken-for-granted institutional rule that has impacted how organizations plan and implement the Games.

Sport Management Review

Brand creation in international recurring sporting events


Published: May 01, 2012 by Sport Management Review
Authors: Parent, M. M., Eskerud, L., Hanstad, D. V.
Subjects: Business, Management and Accounting, Sports and Leisure, Tourism, Hospitality and Events

Although recurring sports events are held more frequently and by a larger number of cities than one-off events, little research has examined the branding process within recurring events. This paper addresses this gap by examining the brand creation process for international recurring sports events.

The International Journal of the History of Sport

Olympic Games legacy: From general benefits to sustainable long-term legacy


Published: Nov 24, 2011 by The International Journal of the History of Sport
Authors: Leopkey, B., Parent, M. M.
Subjects: Sports and Leisure, Tourism, Hospitality and Events

The purpose of this article is to map and contextualise the evolution of the concept of legacy over time using bid and final report documentation from Olympic Games host and candidate cities.

European Sport Management Quarterly

Issues and strategies pertaining to the Canadian governments' coordination


Published: Nov 08, 2011 by European Sport Management Quarterly
Authors: Parent, M. M., Rouillard, C., Leopkey, B.
Subjects: Business, Management and Accounting, Sports and Leisure, Tourism, Hospitality and Events

The purpose of this article was to understand the government stakeholder group's coordination issues and strategies in mega-events, here, the 2010 Olympic Games.

Journal of Sport Management

Decision making in major sporting events over time


Published: May 01, 2010 by Journal of Sport Management
Authors: Parent, M.M.
Subjects: Business, Management and Accounting, Sports and Leisure, Tourism, Hospitality and Events

The purpose of this article was to examine how the decision-making process changes as a major sport event’s organizing committee moves from the planning to the implementation to the wrap-up modes.

Journal of Business Ethics

Social responsibility and the Olympic Games


Published: Feb 13, 2010 by Journal of Business Ethics
Authors: Walker, M., Heere, B., Parent, M. M., Drane, D.
Subjects: Business, Management and Accounting, Sports and Leisure, Tourism, Hospitality and Events

Although prior research has addressed the direct influence of CSR on consumer responses, this research examined the mediating influence of consumer’s perceived organizational motives within an NGO setting. Given the heightened public attention surrounding the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games, data were collected from consumers of the Games to assess their perceptions of the International Olympic Committee’s (IOC) socially responsible initiatives.

Sport Management Review

Understanding leadership in major sporting events


Published: Aug 01, 2009 by Sport Management Review
Authors:
Subjects: Business, Management and Accounting, Sports and Leisure, Tourism, Hospitality and Events

The purpose of this paper was to begin understanding leadership within a major sporting event.

European Sport Management Quarterly

Risk management issues in large-scale sporting events: A stakeholder perspective


Published: Feb 13, 2009 by European Sport Management Quarterly
Authors: Leopkey, B., Parent, M.M.
Subjects: Business, Management and Accounting, Sports and Leisure, Tourism, Hospitality and Events

The purpose of this paper is to identify the risk management issues in large-scale sporting events from the perspective of the organizing committee members and stakeholders.

European Sport Management Quarterly

Toward a management model for sport and physical activity


Published: Dec 19, 2008 by European Sport Management Quarterly
Authors: Parent, M.M., Harvey, J.
Subjects: Business, Management and Accounting, Sociology & Social Policy, Sports and Leisure

Given the increasing popularity of the partnership concept and of sport and physical activity-based programs, this paper integrates the extensive North American and European management, sport management and political science literatures (in both French and English) to develop a partnership model for sport, community-based initiatives.

Corporate Reputation Review

The process of organizational identity construction in iterative organizations


Published: Dec 01, 2008 by Corporate Reputation Review
Authors: Foreman, P. O., Parent, M. M.
Subjects: Business, Management and Accounting, Sports and Leisure

Recognizing that organizational identity construction (OIC) is inherently challenging in its own right, we examine the case where this is an ongoing, repeating process.

Journal of Business Ethics

A case study of stakeholder identification and prioritization by managers


Published: Aug 18, 2007 by Journal of Business Ethics
Authors: Parent, M.M., Deephouse, D.
Subjects: Business, Management and Accounting, Sports and Leisure, Tourism, Hospitality and Events

The purpose of this article is to examine stakeholder identification and prioritization by managers using the power, legitimacy, and urgency framework of Mitchell et al. (Academy of Management Review 22, 853–886; 1997). We use a multi-method, comparative case study of two large-scale sporting event organizing committees, with a particular focus on interviews with managers at three hierarchical levels.