Richard Guare, PhD, is Director of the Center for Learning and Attention Disorders in Portsmouth, New Hampshire. Dr. Guare is a neuropsychologist whose research and publications focus on the understanding and treatment of learning and attention difficulties. He is the coauthor of numerous titles, including Guilford's bestselling Smart but Scattered series.
Read our exclusive interview with Dr. Guare and his coauthor and son, Colin Guare, to learn more about their work studying executive skills and their new book, Smart but Scattered--and Stalled.
First, let me say that I cowrote Smart but Scattered—and Stalled in close collaboration with two coauthors: Peg Dawson, and my son, Colin Guare. Colin has contributed his thoughts and reflections to this Q&A as well.
Dick: The hardest part for me was understanding and explaining how parents' roles change over time, from when their children are little kids to when they are young adults. For me, two things made this easier: having two adult children (Colin, and my daughter, Shannon) explain this process to me; and having one of them, Colin, write about it in a way I never could.
Colin: Change isn't easy, and false starts are part and parcel to it. I hope readers come away understanding that the book recognizes, even advocates for, embracing the sort of churning, recapitulating process of self-evaluation, goal-setting, pursuit, and achievement or re-evaluation.
Books on brain-behavior relationships have and continue to influence our work. Russell Barkley's work has always permeated our work and thinking, particularly Executive Functions (2012). During the writing of this book, we were reading a lot of material on change and motivation including, One Small Step Can Change Your Life (Maurer, 2014) and The Handbook of Self-Regulation, Third Edition (Vohs and Baumeister, 2017).
Colin: My dad introduced me to these concepts long before I knew of them formally. A lot of retrospective thinking about executive skills in the context of my own life choices evolved into a broader interest in motivation and behavior change.
People in the field of brain and behavior research used to think that by adulthood, the brain was more or less a fixed and unchanging structure. Today we realize that the brain, like behavior, changes throughout life and that new learning—regardless of age—can have a significant impact on brain development. The idea that, "you can't teach an old dog new tricks" isn’t true for people—or dogs, for that matter.
There is a notion in some places that just teaching people about executive skills can improve them. In our experience knowing about executive skills is a "necessary but not sufficient" criteria for possessing good skills. Real world application of executive skills is what we are targeting. If a person truly has those skills, they should be evident in real world settings and effective evaluations of executive skills should take place in real word settings.
We are going to see some really interesting, exciting developments in the way that artificial intelligence and other technologies are recruited to help people develop and support their executive skills. There is already a lot of emphasis on tech to manage planning, time, and attention. We think the future holds advances that will allow for more authentic personalization of services and supports.
Colin: My parents were probably my biggest influence. They never pushed me towards it. But from the time I was young, interacting with people that knew them professionally, people who had the utmost respect and admiration for the work that they did, left a profound mark on me.
Colin: I love to read, mostly history and biographies but I like a lot of fiction as well. I play handball, love to spend time at the beach swimming, watching sports, going on trips and spending time with my fiance Kate.
Colin: That's a really hard question. Right now, probably something by Cormac McCarthy or China Mieville.
Right now we are working on building out and refining our executive skills coaching model, which has been very rewarding and a whole new challenge for us. Our plan is to move it to an on-line, real-time, interactive program that eventually coaches, parents, students and teachers can use.
Richard Guare, PhD, is Director of the Center for Learning and Attention Disorders in Portsmouth, New Hampshire. Dr. Guare is a neuropsychologist whose research and publications focus on the understanding and treatment of learning and attention difficulties.