Extremism and Democracy

Series Editors:

This series covers academic studies within the broad fields of ‘extremism’ and ‘democracy’, with volumes focusing on adjacent concepts such as populism, radicalism, and ideological/religious fundamentalism. These topics have been considered largely in isolation by scholars interested in the study of political parties, elections, social movements, activism, and radicalisation in democratic settings. A key focus of the series, therefore, is the (inter-)relation between extremism, radicalism, populism, fundamentalism, and democracy. Since its establishment in 1999, the series has encompassed both influential contributions to the discipline and informative accounts for public debate. Works will seek to problematise the role of extremism, broadly defined, within an ever-globalising world, and/or the way social and political actors can respond to these challenges without undermining democratic credentials.


This series covers academic studies within the broad fields of ‘extremism’ and ‘democracy’, with volumes focusing on adjacent concepts such as populism, radicalism, and ideological/religious fundamentalism. These topics have been considered largely in isolation by scholars interested in the study of political parties, elections, social movements, activism, and radicalisation in democratic settings. A key focus of the series, therefore, is the (inter-)relation between extremism, radicalism, populism, fundamentalism, and democracy. Since its establishment in 1999, the series has encompassed both influential contributions to the discipline and informative accounts for public debate. Works will seek to problematise the role of extremism, broadly defined, within an ever-globalising world, and/or the way social and political actors can respond to these challenges without undermining democratic credentials.

  • The People and the Nation

    Populism and Ethno-Territorial Politics in Europe, 1st Edition

    Edited by Reinhard Heinisch, Emanuele Massetti, Oscar Mazzoleni

    The edited book brings together country experts on populism, ethno-territorial politics and party competition. The book consists of twelve empirical chapters, covering seven Western European states (Austria, Belgium, France, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, and the UK) as well as four Central-European…

    Paperback – 2019-11-01 
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Liberal Roots of Far Right Activism

    The Anti-Islamic Movement in the 21st Century, 1st Edition

    By Lars Erik Berntzen

    This book explores the anti-Islamic turn and expansion of the far right in Western Europe, North America and beyond from 2001 and onwards. Driven by terror attacks and other moral shocks, the anti-Islamic cause has undergone four waves of transnational expansion in the period since 2001. The…

    Paperback – 2019-10-08 
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Populism and Collective Memory

    Comparing Fascist Legacies in Western Europe, 1st Edition

    By Luca Manucci

    Right-wing populism is a global phenomenon that challenges several pillars of liberal democracy, and it is often described as a dangerous political ideology because it resonates with the fascist idea of power in terms of anti-pluralism and lack of minorities’ protection. In Western Europe, many…

    Hardback – 2019-09-30 
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • The Prevent Strategy and Right-wing Extremism

    A Case Study of the English Defence League, 1st Edition

    By Craig J.J. McCann

    In 2011 the U.K. Government reviewed its counter terrorism Prevent Strategy to include "all forms of extremism" with an emphasis on right-wing extremism. This book - written by the former Head of Strategy and Policy at the Office of the National Coordinator for Prevent - provides the most…

    Hardback – 2019-04-26
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Anti-System Parties

    From Parliamentary Breakthrough to Government, 1st Edition

    By Mattia Zulianello

    This book adopts an innovative conceptualization and analytical framework to the study of anti-system parties, and represents the first monograph ever published on the topic. It features empirical research using original data and combining large-N QCA analyses with a wide range of in-depth case…

    Hardback – 2019-04-02
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Extremism, Free Speech and Counter-Terrorism Law and Policy

    1st Edition

    Edited by Ian Cram

    This edited collection addresses a number of free speech vs security concerns that are engaged by counter-terrorism law and policy makers across a number of liberal democracies, and explores the delicate balance between free speech and the censoring of views that promote hatred…

    Hardback – 2019-03-28
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Militant Democracy

    The Limits of Democratic Tolerance, 1st Edition

    By Bastiaan Rijpkema

    This book aims to present a comprehensive theory of militant democracy and to answer questions such as: How can a democracy protect itself against its own downfall? And when is intervention against antidemocrats justified? Against the backdrop of historical and current examples, this book examines…

    Hardback – 2018-12-13
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Radical Right Movement Parties in Europe

    1st Edition

    Edited by Manuela Caiani, Ondřej Císař

    This book provides state of the art research by leading experts on the movement parties of the radical right. It examines the theoretical implications and empirical relevance of these organizations, comparing movement parties in time and space in Europe and beyond. The editors provide a theoretical…

    Paperback – 2018-12-11
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Anti-Islamic Protest in the UK

    Policy Responses to the Far Right, 1st Edition

    By William Allchorn

    Demonstrations by far-right groups, such as the English Defence League, Britain First and PEGIDA, have caused considerable social and civic unrest in UK cities for nearly a decade. But how should policymakers respond to far-right and anti-Muslim activism? Drawing on extensive primary research with…

    Hardback – 2018-11-20
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Fascism, Populism and American Democracy

    1st Edition

    By Leonard Weinberg

    Hard right-wing politics is growing in popularity in America, marked by Donald Trump’s success in the 2016 election, and it is worth questioning what this means for the American democratic system. This book seeks to explain the vulnerability of democracies to the appeal of right-wing politics…

    Paperback – 2018-10-10
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • The Ideational Approach to Populism

    Concept, Theory, and Analysis, 1st Edition

    Edited by Kirk A. Hawkins, Ryan E. Carlin, Levente Littvay, Cristóbal Rovira Kaltwasser

    Populism is on the rise in Europe and the Americas. Scholars increasingly understand populist forces in terms of their ideas or discourse, one that envisions a cosmic struggle between the will of the common people and a conspiring elite. In this volume, we advance populism scholarship by proposing…

    Paperback – 2018-10-04
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Trumping the Mainstream

    The Conquest of Democratic Politics by the Populist Radical Right, 1st Edition

    Edited by Lise Esther Herman, James Muldoon

    In 2016, the striking electoral success of the UK Vote Leave campaign and Donald Trump’s presidential bid defied conventional expectations and transformed the political landscape. Considered together, these two largely unpredicted events constitute a defining moment in the process of the…

    Paperback – 2018-08-17
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Democratic Dilemmas

    Why democracies ban political parties, 1st Edition

    By Angela K Bourne

    This book examines how democratic communities resolve dilemmas posed by anti-system parties or, more specifically, the question of why democracies take the grave decision to ban political parties. On the one hand, party bans may ‘protect’ democracies, usually from groups deemed to undermine the…

    Hardback – 2018-07-26
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • When Does Terrorism Work?

    1st Edition

    Edited by Diego Muro

    This book examines the question of when terrorism works. Determining if political violence is effective and, if at all possible, when it is effective, is vital for both intellectual and practical reasons. The volume contains chapters from scholars who have been at the forefront of the…

    Hardback – 2018-06-29
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • The Power of Populism

    Geert Wilders and the Party for Freedom in the Netherlands, 1st Edition

    By Koen Vossen

    This book discusses the Party for Freedom (PVV), a political party in the Netherlands, founded and led by Geert Wilders. Attaining between 10 and 18% of the votes, the PVV has become one of the largest parties in the Netherlands and is the only political party worldwide without members. Between…

    Paperback – 2017-12-21
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Radical Right Parties in Central and Eastern Europe

    Mainstream Party Competition and Electoral Fortune, 1st Edition

    By Bartek Pytlas

    In Central and Eastern Europe, radical right actors significantly impact public debates and mainstream policy agenda. But despite this high discursive influence, the electoral fortune of radical right parties in the region is much less stable. It has been suggested that this may be due to the fact…

    Paperback – 2017-12-21
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Ideocracies in Comparison

    Legitimation – Cooptation – Repression, 1st Edition

    Edited by Uwe Backes, Steffen Kailitz

    Ideocracies, or ideological dictatorships, such as the "Third Reich", the Soviet Union and the People’s Republic of China have, much more than any other kinds of autocracy, characterized the history of the 20th century. Despite their undeniable loss of significance, ideocracies have not disappeared…

    Paperback – 2017-12-21
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • ETA’s Terrorist Campaign

    From Violence to Politics, 1968–2015, 1st Edition

    Edited by Rafael Leonisio, Fernando Molina, Diego Muro

    This book analyses the rise and decline of the Basque terrorist group Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA, Basque Homeland and Freedom). ETA declared a unilateral ceasefire in November 2011, bringing to a close a campaign of political violence that started in the late 1960s. By the beginning of the…

    Paperback – 2017-12-21
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Radical Religion and Violence

    Theory and Case Studies, 1st Edition

    By Jeffrey Kaplan

    Jeffrey Kaplan has been one of the most influential scholars of new religious movements, extremism and terrorism. His pioneering use of interpretive fieldwork among radical and violent subcultures opened up new fields of scholarship and vastly increased our understanding of the beliefs and…

    Paperback – 2017-12-18
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • The Darkest Sides of Politics, II

    State Terrorism, “Weapons of Mass Destruction,” Religious Extremism, and Organized Crime, 1st Edition

    By Jeffrey M. Bale

    This book examines a wide array of phenomena that arguably constitute the most noxious, extreme, terrifying, murderous, secretive, authoritarian, and/or anti-democratic aspects of national and international politics. Scholars should not ignore these "dark sides" of politics, however unpleasant they…

    Paperback – 2017-10-10
    Apple Academic Press
    Extremism and Democracy

  • The Far Right in America

    1st Edition

    By Cas Mudde

    This book collects Mudde's old and new blog posts, interviews and op-eds on the topic of the US far right, ranging from right-wing populists to neo-Nazi terrorists. The main emphasis of the book is on the two most important far right developments of the 21st century, the Tea Party and…

    Paperback – 2017-09-22
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • The Darkest Sides of Politics, I

    Postwar Fascism, Covert Operations, and Terrorism, 1st Edition

    By Jeffrey M. Bale

    This book examines a wide array of phenomena that arguably constitute the most noxious, extreme, terrifying, murderous, secretive, authoritarian, and/or anti-democratic aspects of national and international politics. Scholars should not ignore these "dark sides" of politics, however unpleasant they…

    Paperback – 2017-08-29
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • On Extremism and Democracy in Europe

    1st Edition

    By Cas Mudde

    On Extremism and Democracy in Europe is a collection of short and accessible essays on the far right, populism, Euroscepticism, and liberal democracy by one of the leading academic and public voices today. It includes both sober, fact-based analysis of the often sensationalized "rise of the far…

    Paperback – 2017-02-07
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Populism in Western Europe

    Comparing Belgium, Germany and The Netherlands, 1st Edition

    By Teun Pauwels

    Despite the increasing academic interest in populism, we still lack understanding of individual factors contributing to populist voting. One of the main reasons for this is that populism is almost always attached to other ideologies which makes it difficult to isolate factors. This book draws on…

    Paperback – 2016-12-21
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Extreme Right Parties in Scandinavia

    1st Edition

    By Anders Widfeldt

    This book provides an up-to-date account of extreme right parties in Denmark, Norway and Sweden. It seeks to explain why these parties have grown in support, and in Denmark and Norway reached positions of direct political influence. Following an analytical framework, in which explanatory factors…

    Paperback – 2016-12-21
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Transforming the Transformation?

    The East European Radical Right in the Political Process, 1st Edition

    By Michael Minkenberg

    Transforming the transformation? The East European Radical Right in the Political Process examines the significance of radical right parties, along with other organizations, in terms of their involvement in the political process of new democracies. This groundbreaking study highlights firstly the…

    Paperback – 2016-12-21
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Catholicism and Nationalism

    Changing Nature of Party Politics, 1st Edition

    By Madalena Meyer Resende

    This book addresses the adaptation of nationalism to the sharing of sovereignty with other nations in supranational arrangements beyond the state or with nations and nationalities within the state. It compares two cases, Poland and Spain, where the outcome of this processes of transformation…

    Paperback – 2016-12-21
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Politics of National Identity in Italy

    Immigration and 'Italianità', 1st Edition

    By Eva Garau

    This book focuses on the politics of national identity in Italy. Only a unified country for just over 150 years, Italian national identity is perhaps more contingent than longer established nations such as France or the UK.   The book investigates when, how and why the…

    Paperback – 2016-12-21
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • The Populist Radical Right in Central and Eastern Europe

    Ideology, impact, and electoral performance, 1st Edition

    By Andrea Pirro

    Often neglected in the study of far right organisations, post-communist Europe recently witnessed the rise and fall of a number of populist radical right parties. The Populist Radical Right in Central and Eastern Europe is the first comparative study to focus on the ideology, impact, and electoral…

    Paperback – 2016-12-20
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Understanding the Populist Shift

    Othering in a Europe in Crisis, 1st Edition

    Edited by Gabriella Lazaridis, Giovanna Campani

    During the European elections of 2014, one of the main issues raised by the media was the electoral performance of so called ‘populist parties’. The electorate confirmed its deep dissatisfaction with mainstream political parties, voting for far right parties in parliamentary elections in Northern…

    Hardback – 2016-11-03
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • The Populist Radical Right

    A Reader, 1st Edition

    Edited by Cas Mudde

    The populist radical right is one of the most studied political phenomena in the social sciences, counting hundreds of books and thousands of articles. This is the first reader to bring together the most seminal articles and book chapters on the contemporary populist radical right in western…

    Paperback – 2016-10-10
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • The Making of Anti-Muslim Protest

    Grassroots Activism in the English Defence League, 1st Edition

    By Joel Busher

    Activism in any social movement group is, as Deborah Gould observes, a project of collective ‘world-making’. It is about changing the world out there by influencing policy and public opinion, but is also about the way it transforms the lives of participants – activists generate new identities,…

    Paperback – 2016-06-20
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • German Perspectives on Right-Wing Extremism

    Challenges for Comparative Analysis, 1st Edition

    Edited by Johannes Kiess, Oliver Decker, Elmar Brähler

    This book discusses right-wing extremism by analysing Germanophone research on this topic for the first time in English, including unique survey data from Germany and Austria. Highlighting how questions of terminology can become complicated when country cases are compared, the authors analyse…

    Hardback – 2016-06-02
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Radical Right-Wing Populist Parties in Western Europe

    Into the Mainstream?, 1st Edition

    Edited by Tjitske Akkerman, Sarah L. de Lange, Matthijs Rooduijn

    Radical right-wing populist parties, such as Geert Wilders’ Party for Freedom, Marine Le Pen’s National Front or Nigel Farage’s UKIP, are becoming increasingly influential in Western European democracies. Their electoral support is growing, their impact on policy-making is substantial, and in…

    Paperback – 2016-05-17
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Ending Terrorism in Italy

    1st Edition

    By Anna Cento Bull, Philip Cooke

    Ending Terrorism in Italy analyses processes of disengagement from terrorism, as well as the connected issues of reconciliation, truth and justice. It examines in a critical and original way how terrorism came to an end in Italy (Part I), and the legacy it has left behind (Part II). The book…

    Paperback – 2016-05-06
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • The Politics of Migration in Italy

    Perspectives on local debates and party competition, 1st Edition

    By Pietro Castelli Gattinara

    Migration represents one of the key issues in both Italian and European politics, and it has triggered EU-wide debates and negotiations, alongside alarmist and often sensationalist news reporting on the activities of government, party and social movement actors. The Politics of Migration in Italy…

    Hardback – 2016-05-04
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Democratic Extremism in Theory and Practice

    All Power to the People, 1st Edition

    By Paul Lucardie

    Democracy and extremism are usually considered as opposites. We assume that our system (in the UK, the USA, the Netherlands etc.) is democratic, and extremists try to destroy our system and introduce some kind of dictatorship, if not chaos and anarchy. Yet in many cases, the extremists seem…

    Paperback – 2016-04-21
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Impact of Extreme Right Parties on Immigration Policy

    Comparing Britain, France and Italy, 1st Edition

    By Joao Carvalho

    Drawing on a mixed research methodology with a strong qualitative character, this book traces the political impact of the British National Party in the UK, the Front National in France and the Lega Nord in Italy by exploring their contagion effects on immigration politics and policy in particular…

    Paperback – 2016-04-21
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Politics of Eugenics

    Productionism, Population, and National Welfare, 1st Edition

    By Alberto Spektorowski, Liza Ireni-Saban

    This book analyzes whether the "new debate on genetics" owes a debt to eugenic practices by welfare democracies of 1930s and 1940s. More specifically, the question is whether precisely the same "eugenic rationale" used in the 1930s is philosophical akin to a new rationality unfolding in some…

    Paperback – 2016-04-21
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Rethinking the French New Right

    Alternatives to Modernity, 1st Edition

    By Tamir Bar-On

    This book focuses on the philosophy, politics and impact of the 'New Right' which originated in France and has since influenced activism, ideology and policy in a number of European countries. This book explores the idea that revolutionaries do not necessarily need to come from the left, nor…

    Paperback – 2016-04-21
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Populists in Power

    1st Edition

    By Daniele Albertazzi, Duncan McDonnell

    The main area of sustained populist growth in recent decades has been Western Europe, where populist parties have not only endured longer than expected, but have increasingly begun to enter government. Focusing on three high-profile cases in Italy and Switzerland – the Popolo della Libertà (PDL),…

    Paperback – 2016-03-03
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Class Politics and the Radical Right

    1st Edition

    Edited by Jens Rydgren

    One of the most significant events in European politics the past two decades is the emergence of radical right-wing parties, mobilizing against immigration and multiethnic societies. Such parties have established themselves in a large number of countries, often with voter shares exceeding ten and…

    Paperback – 2015-04-27
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • The Politicisation of Migration

    1st Edition

    Edited by Wouter van der Brug, Gianni D'Amato, Didier Ruedin, Joost Berkhout

    Why are migration policies sometimes heavily contested and high on the political agenda? And why do they, at other moments and in other countries, hardly lead to much public debate? The entrance and settlement of migrants in Western Europe has prompted various political reactions. In some countries…

    Paperback – 2015-03-27
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Revolt on the Right

    Explaining Support for the Radical Right in Britain, 1st Edition

    By Robert Ford, Matthew J Goodwin

    Winner of the Political Book of the Year Award 2015 The UK Independence Party (UKIP) is the most significant new party in British politics for a generation. In recent years UKIP and their charismatic leader Nigel Farage have captivated British politics, media and voters. Yet both the party and the…

    Paperback – 2014-03-18
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Radical Left Parties in Europe

    1st Edition

    By Luke March

    What has happened to the European radical left after the collapse of the USSR? How has it reacted, reformed, even revived? This new volume is one of the first to provide an overview of the main developments in contemporary European radical left parties (those defining themselves as to the left of,…

    Paperback – 2013-10-07
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Counterterrorism in Turkey

    Policy Choices and Policy Effects toward the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK), 1st Edition

    By Mustafa Cosar Unal

    Counterterrorism in Turkey comprehensively analyses Turkey’s counterterrorism policies in the context of the PKK (Kurdistan Workers’ Party), an ethnicity-based guerrilla insurgency group employing terrorism. Contrary to most of the counterterrorism studies that focused on single aspect of the…

    Paperback – 2013-09-23
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Social and Political Thought of Julius Evola

    1st Edition

    By Paul Furlong

    Julius Evola’s writing covered a vast range of subjects, from a distinctive and categorical ideological outlook and has been extremely influential on a significant number of extreme right thinkers, activists and organisations. This book is the first full length study in English to present his…

    Paperback – 2013-08-06
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Right-Wing Radicalism Today

    Perspectives from Europe and the US, 1st Edition

    Edited by Sabine von Mering, Timothy Wyman McCarty

    This book highlights recent developments in the radical right providing comparative analysis of current extremist activity in Eastern and Western Europe and the United States. It reveals the growing amount of connections and continuities of rightwing movements and ideologies across national borders…

    Paperback – 2013-05-24
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Varieties of Right-Wing Extremism in Europe

    1st Edition

    Edited by Andrea Mammone, Emmanuel Godin, Brian Jenkins

    Beginning with an analysis of the complex relationship between fascism and the post-war extreme right, the book discusses both contemporary parties and the cultural and intellectual influences of the European New Right as well as patterns of socialization and mobilization. It then analyses the…

    Paperback – 2012-12-11
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

  • Mapping the Extreme Right in Contemporary Europe

    From Local to Transnational, 1st Edition

    Edited by Andrea Mammone, Emmanuel Godin, Brian Jenkins

    In recent years the revival of the far right and anti-Semitic, racist and fascist organizations has posed a significant threat throughout Europe. Mapping the Extreme Right in Contemporary Europe provides a broad geographical overview of the dominant strands within the contemporary radical right in…

    Paperback – 2012-05-10
    Routledge
    Extremism and Democracy

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