The Raising of Intelligence

A Selected History of Attempts To Raise Retarded Intelligence

By H. H. Spitz

© 1986 – Routledge

288 pages

Purchasing Options:
Hardback: 9780898598360
pub: 1986-10-01
US Dollars$115.00

e–Inspection Copy

About the Book

The history of attempts to raise the intelligence of mentally retarded individuals is wrought with controversy. Spanning the years from 1800 to the present, this book offers a critical review of the methods and philosophy behind these efforts. A fascinating contribution to the long-standing debate on the malleability of intelligence and the influence of heredity and environment.


"…a provocative yet important book that should be placed on the…required reading list of every professional interested in human welfare and committed to improving the quality of our lives."

Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology UL

"This is an important book. It should be read and discussed widely."

Exceptional Children

Table of Contents

Contents: Introduction. Early Attempts at Rehabilitation. Disillusion and Overreaction. Intelligence Tests and the Heritability and Immutability of Mental Retardation. Early Intervention and Compensatory Education. E.B. Page, The Disturbing Case of the Milwaukee Project. Behavior Modification -- The Return of Radical Empiricism. Medical Intervention. Reuven Feuerstein's Instrumental Enrichment. A Potpourri of Claims and Issues.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
EDUCATION / Educational Psychology