Hindi: An Essential Grammar

By Rama Kant Agnihotri

© 2007 – Routledge

278 pages

Purchasing Options:
Paperback: 9780415356718
pub: 2007-05-21
US Dollars$44.95
Hardback: 9780415356701
pub: 2007-05-21
US Dollars$150.00

About the Book

This text provides a reader-friendly guide to the structural patterns of modern standard Hindi. Ideal for both independent learners and classroom students alike, this book covers the essentials of Hindi grammar in readable, jargon-free sections.

Key features include:

  • sections on the speech sounds of Hindi
  • detailed analysis of Hindi sentence structure
  • full examples throughout.


The most appealing aspect of Agnihotri's grammar is its clear conception of its own objectives and functions. For speakers of Hindi, it is an exposition of the systemacity and rule-governed nature of their language; for learners of Hindi, it is an instrument to further the learning of the language. In its jargon-free description of the patterns of Hindi grammar, the volume doubles up as an introduction to modern grammatical analysis for anyone trying their hand at grammar construction.

-Reveiwed b Ayesha Kidwai, Jawaharlal Nehru University

Agnihotri's Hindi: An Essential Grammar will, from now on, count as essential reading for anyone interested in the language, irrespective of age or specialisation.

-Reveiwed by Ayesha Kidwai, Jawaharlal Nehru University

Table of Contents

Part 1: 1. Introduction 2. Simple Hindi Sentence 3. Negatives 4. Questions 5. Imperatives 6. Exclamations Part 2: 7. Nouns 8. More about Nouns 9. Nouns, Verbs, Adjectives and Adverbs 10. Verbs 11. More about Verbs 12. Verbs, Adjectives and Adverbs 13. Adjectives 14. Adverbs Part 3: 15.Reduplication 16. Compounds 17. Causatives Part 4: 18. Personal Pronouns 19. Other Pronouns 20. Postpositions 21. Emphatic Particles hii, bhii and to 22.Other Invariants Part 5: 23. Habitual Aspect 24. Progressive Aspect 25. Passive 26. Subjunctive and Future 27. The Ergative Pattern 28. Possession 29. Experiencer Subject 30. Verb caahiye 31. Compound Verbs Part 6: 32. Coordination and Subordination 33. Complex Sentences 34. Relative Clauses 35. Participles Part 7: 36. Hindi Sounds and Script. Vowels 37. Consonantal Sounds 38. Nasal Consonants and Vowel Nasalisation 39. Syllabic Structure. Appendices. A. Grammar in Action. B. Glossary of Technical Terms

About the Author

Rama Agnihotri is at the Department of Linguistics at the University of Delhi-he specialises in applied linguistics, language teaching and ELT.

About the Series

Routledge Essential Grammars

Essential Grammars describe clearly and succinctly the core rules of each language and are up-to-date and practical reference guides to the most important aspects of languages used by contemporary native speakers. They are designed for elementary to intermediate learners and present an accessible description of the language, focusing on the real patterns of use today.
Essential Grammars are a reference source for the learner and user of the language, irrespective of level, setting out the complexities of the language in short, readable sections that are clear and free from jargon.
Essential Grammars are ideal either for independent study or for students in schools, colleges, universities and adult classes of all types.

All Essential Grammars are available as inspection copies.

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Grammar & Punctuation