This new collection examines the emergence of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in India and the ways in which its Hindu nationalist agenda has been affected by the constraints of being a dominant member of a coalition government.
Religious influence in contemporary politics offers a fertile ground for political-sociological analysis, especially in societies where religion is a very important source of collective identity. In South Asian societies religion can, and often has, provided legitimacy to both governments and those who oppose them. This book examines the emergence of the BJP and the ways in which its Hindu nationalist agenda has been affected by the constraints of being a dominant member of a coalition government. The collected authors take stock of the party's first full term in power, presiding over the diverse forces of the governing NDA coalition, and the 2004 elections. They assess the BJP's performance in relation to its stated goals, and more specifically how it has fared in a range of policy fields - centre-state relations, foreign policy, defence policies, the 'second generation' of economic reforms, initiatives to curb corruption and the fate of minorities.
Explicitly linking the volume to literature on coalition politics, this book will be of great importance to students and researchers in the fields of South Asian studies and politics.
Section 1. Theoretical Concerns Introduction: Coalition politics, religious nationalism, and public policy: a theoretical examination. Katharine Adeney and Lawrence Sáez 1. The BJP Coalition: Partisanship and power-sharing in government. Alistair McMillan 2. The Shapes of Hindu Nationalism. John Zavos 3. In part, a Myth: The BJP's organisational strength. James Manor Section 2. Domestic Governance 4. The NDA and the politics of 'minorities' in India Subrata Mitra 5. Hindu Nationalists and Federal Structures in an Era of Regionalism Katharine Adeney 6. Social Justice and Empowerment of the Weaker Sections and Gender Rights Nitya Rao 7. Managing the Anti-Corruption Rhetoric: The NDA, transparency and corruption Gurharpal Singh 8. Indian Education Policy Under the NDA Government Marie Lall Section 3. External Factors 9. The NDA and the Politics of Economic Reform. Rob Jenkins 10. The NDA and Indian Foreign Policy James Chiriyankandath and Andrew Wyatt 11. The NDA and National Security Apurba Kundu 12. The BJP and the 2004 General Election: Dimensions, causes, and implications of an unexpected defeat Christophe Jaffrelot 13. Hindutva's March Halted? Choices for the BJP after the 2004 defeat.
South Asia, with its burgeoning, ethnically diverse population, soaring economies, and nuclear weapons, is an increasingly important region in the global context. The series, which builds on this complex, dynamic and volatile area, features innovative and original research on the region as a whole or on the countries. Its scope extends to scholarly works drawing on history, politics, development studies, sociology and economics of individual countries from the region as well those that take an interdisciplinary and comparative approach to the area as a whole or to a comparison of two or more countries from this region. In terms of theory and method, rather than basing itself on any one orthodoxy, the series draws broadly on the insights germane to area studies, as well as the tool kit of the social sciences in general, emphasizing comparison, the analysis of the structure and processes, and the application of qualitative and quantitative methods. The series welcomes submissions from established authors in the field as well as from young authors who have recently completed their doctoral dissertations.