Avoided deforestation can be characterized as the use of financial incentives to reduce rates of deforestation and forest degradation, with much of the focus on forests in tropical countries.
While avoided deforestation, as a policy issue, is not new, the current debate in academic and policy circles on including it in future climate change mitigation strategies such as the Clean Development Mechanism is gathering pace – and this debate is only likely to intensify as negotiations continue over what should be included in the successor agreement to the Kyoto Protocol, which is set to expire in 2012.
Up until now, however, the debate in terms of the scientific and economic implications of avoided deforestation has not been brought together. This book aims to bring together important research findings in the area along with their policy implications, whilst linking avoided deforestation to political economy as well as to the latest developments in environmental and natural resource economics.
'It’s a publication of a high scientific level…a book I recommend highly!' - Jean-Pierre Sorg, Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Forstwesen
'Overall I found this a useful, interesting, and readable introduction to the political and economic complexities surrounding the practice of avoided deforestation as a means to reduce climate change. The content is accessible to non-specialists with a general interest in the topic and basic background knowledge, so it ought to appeal to students and policy stakeholders who want to rapidly get up to speed on this important topic. In addition, scientists working in related fields should find it a valuable aid in putting their work in context and for suggesting areas that require more robust evidence or technical advances.' - Richard Betts, The Journal of Environmental Investing
1. Introduction: reducing CO2 emissions through avoided deforestation? Part 1: The Cost Effectiveness of Avoiding Deforestation 2. The costs of avoided deforestation as a climate change mitigation option3. Economics of avoiding deforestation4. Assessing the economic potential for reducing deforestation in developing countries Part 2: Policy and institutional barriers to avoided deforestation 5. International policy and institutional barriers to reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation in developing countries6. Reducing carbon emissions by slowing deforestation: REDD initiatives in Brazil 7. Choosing avoided deforestation baselines in the context of government failure: the case of Indonesia’s plantations policy8. Will credits from avoided deforestation in developing countries jeopardize the balance of the carbon market? Part 3: Insights for Effective and Efficient Avoided Deforestation Policy 9. Leakage from avoided deforestation compensation policy: concepts, empirical evidence, and corrective policy options 10. A scalable approach for setting avoided deforestation baselines11. Human choices and policies’ impacts on ecosystem services: improving evaluations of payment and park effects on conservation and carbon12. Increasing the efficiency of forest conservation: the case of payments for environmental services in Costa Rica13. The Role of Risk in Targeting Payments for Environmental Services14. Prospects for Mitigating Climate Change Through avoided deforestation: conclusions and outlook.
Routledge Explorations in Environmental Economics was established in 2001 and has since provided a key port of call for leading research in the field. As well as the core discipline of environmental economics, the remit of the series extends to natural resources, ecological economics, environmental studies and environmental science, with issues explored including energy, permit trading, valuation, taxation and climate change. The series is edited by Nick Hanley of the University of St Andrews.