Clinical Linguistics involves the application of linguistic theories and procedures to the study, characterization, and treatment of communicative disorders. Although linguists have long applied their science to a variety of language problems, Clinical Linguistics did not emerge as an autonomous discipline until the publication of Crystal’s influential Clinical Linguistics in 1981. Despite its youth, this specialist area has quickly evolved into a highly productive field of inquiry. From its inception, Clinical Linguistics has had a strong international presence. The field is interdisciplinary, with relevance to theoretical and applied linguistics, speech and language therapy, psychology, and education.
The Clinical Linguistics literature has been especially eclectic, appearing in diverse scientific and professional publications. Many of these sources have limited circulation, a fact that challenges individuals and research libraries to maintain a comprehensive collection. The primary aim of this new four-volume Routledge collection is to assemble a representative library of the seminal and the best cutting-edge Clinical Linguistics scholarship. Classic works, as well as state-of-the-art data-based and philosophical articles, are included.
Volume I is focused on the foundations of Clinical Linguistics, particularly its conceptual, historic, and theoretical bases; Volume II examines clinical phonetics and speech measurement, and the phonological analysis of disordered speech. Volume III, meanwhile, concentrates on Clinical Linguistics and language disorders. The final volume in the collection is organized around the educational and medical application of Clinical Linguistics, as well as emerging issues and controversies.
Part 1: Defining the Domain of Clinical Linguistics
1. David Crystal, ‘The Scope of Clinical Linguistics’, Clinical Linguistics (Springer-Verlag, 1981), pp. 1–22.
2. Raymond D. Kent, ‘Developments in the Theoretical Understanding of Speech and its Disorders’, in M. J. Ball and M. Duckworth (eds.), Advances in Clinical Phonetics (John Benjamins, 1996), pp. 1–26.
3. Paul Fletcher, ‘Grammar and Language Impairment: Clinical Linguistics as Applied Linguistics’, in D. Graddol and J. Swann (eds.), Evaluating Language: British Studies in Applied Linguistics 8 (Multilingual Matters, 1994), pp. 1–14.
4. Carol A. Prutting, ‘Pragmatics as Social Competence’, Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, 1982, 47, 123–34.
5. Martin J. Ball, ‘Is a Clinical Sociolinguistics Possible?’, Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics, 1992, 6, 155–60.
6. Nicole Müller ‘Multilingual Communication Disorders: Exempla et Desiderata’, Journal of Multilingual Communication Disorders, 2003, 1, 1–12.
Part 2: Historical Bases of Clinical Linguistics
7. Alexander Melville Bell, ‘Visible Speech’, Visible Speech: The Science of Universal Alphabetics (Simpkin, Marshall & Co., 1867), pp. 11–21, 35–8.
8. Edward Sapir, ‘Abnormal Types of Speech in Nootka’ (excerpt), Geological Survey of Canada, Memoir 62, Anthropological Series No. 5 (Ottawa: Government Printing Bureau, 1915).
9. Roman Jakobson, ‘Foundation of the Structural Laws’, Child Language, Aphasia and Language Universals (Mouton, 1941), pp. 67–91.
10. Roman Jakobson, ‘Aphasia as a Linguistic Topic’, Studies on Child Language and Aphasia (Mouton, 1955), pp. 37–48.
11. Hide Helen Shohara and Clara Hanson, ‘Palatography as an Aid to the Improvement of Articulatory Movements’, Journal of Speech Disorders, 1941, 6, 115–24.
12. William Haas, ‘Phonological Analysis of a Case of Dyslalia’, Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, 1963, 28, 239–46.
Part 3: The Role of Linguistic Theory
13. David Crystal, ‘Towards a "Bucket" Theory of Language Disability: Taking Account of Interaction Between Linguistic Levels’, Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics, 1987, 1, 7–22.
14. Harald Clahsen, ‘Learnability Theory and the Acquisition of Grammar’, Child Language and Developmental Dysphasia (John Benjamins, 1991), pp. 223–34.
15. Yosef Grodzinsky, ‘Unifying the Various Language-related Sciences: Aphasic Syndromes and Grammatical Theory’, in M. J. Ball (ed.), Theoretical Linguistics and Disordered Language (Croom Helm, 1988), pp. 20–30.
16. Lewis P. Shapiro and Cynthia K. Thompson, ‘The Use of Linguistic Theory as a Framework for Treatment Studies in Aphasia’, Clinical Aphasiology, 1994, 22, 291–305.
17. Michael R. Perkins, ‘The Scope of Pragmatic Disability: A Cognitive Approach’, in N. Müller (ed.), Pragmatics in Speech and Language Pathology (John Benjamins, 2000), pp. 7–28.
18. Patricia Jane Donegan and David Stampe, ‘The Study of Natural Phonology’, in D. A. Dinnsen (ed.), Current Approaches to Phonological Theory (Indiana University Press, 1979), pp. 126–73.
19. Daniel A. Dinnsen, ‘Methods and Empirical Issues in Analyzing Functional Misarticulation’, in M. Elbert, D. A. Dinnsen, and G. Weismer (eds.), Phonological Theory and the Misarticulating Child (ASHA Monograph 22) (ASHA, 1984), pp. 5–17.
20. Barbara Bernhardt and John Gilbert, ‘Applying Linguistic Theory to Speech-language Pathology: The Case for Nonlinear Phonology’, Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics, 1992, 6, 123–45.
21. Yishai Tobin, ‘Phonology as Human Behavior: Theoretical Implications and Cognitive and Clinical Applications’, in E. Fava (ed.), Clinical Linguistics: Theory and Applications in Speech Pathology and Therapy (John Benjamins, 2002), pp. 3–22.
22. Judith A. Gierut and Michele L. Morrisette, ‘The Clinical Significance of Optimality Theory for Phonological Disorders’, Topics in Language Disorders, 2005, 25, 266–80.
Part 4: Clinical Phonetics
23. Martin Duckworth et al., ‘Extensions to the International Phonetic Alphabet for the Transcription of Atypical Speech’, Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics, 1990, 4, 273–83.
24. Martin J. Ball and Joan Rahilly, ‘Transcribing Disordered Speech: The Segmental and Prosodic Layers’, Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics, 2002, 16, 329–44.
25. H. Amarosa et al., ‘Transcribing Phonetic Detail in the Speech of Unintelligible Children: A Comparison of Procedures’, British Journal of Disorders of Communication, 1985, 20, 281–7.
26. Lawrence D. Shriberg, Joan Kwiatkowski, and Kit Hoffman, ‘A Procedure for Phonetic Transcription by Consensus’, Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 1984, 27, 456–65.
27. Martin J. Ball et al., ‘Non-Segmental Aspects of Disordered Speech: Developments in Transcription’, Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics, 1994, 8, 67–83.
28. Bill Wells and Sue Peppé, ‘Intonation Abilities of Children with Speech and Language Impairments’, Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2003, 46, 5–20.
29. Sara J. Howard, ‘Articulatory Constraints on a Phonological System: A Case Study of Cleft Palate Speech’, Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics, 1993, 7, 299–317.
Part 5: Speech Measurement and Instrumentation
30. Raymond D. Kent, ‘Intelligibility in Speech Disorders’, Intelligibility of Speech Disorders (John Benjamins, 1992), pp. 1–10.
31. Raymond D. Kent, Giuliana Miolo, and Suzi Bloedel, ‘The Intelligibility of Children’s Speech: A Review of Evaluation Procedures’, American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 1994, 3, 2, 81–95.
32. William J. Hardcastle and Fiona E. Gibbon, ‘Electropalatography as a Research and Clinical Tool: 30 Years On’, in W. J. Hardcastle and J. M. Beck (eds.), A Figure of Speech: A Festschrift for John Laver (Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2005), pp. 39–60.
33. Sharynne McLeod and Jeff Searl, ‘Adaptation to an Electropalatograph Palate: Acoustic, Impressionistic, and Perceptual Data’, American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 2006, 15, 192–206.
34. Bruce E. Murdoch et al., ‘Introducing the Pressure-Sensing Palatograph: The Next Frontier in Electropalatography’, Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics, 2004, 18, 433–45.
35. R. Morris and W. Brown, Jr., ‘Comparison of Various Automatic Means for Measuring Mean Fundamental Frequency’, Journal of Voice, 1996, 10, 159–65.
36. P. H. Dejonckere et al., ‘Differentiated Perceptual Evaluation of Pathological Voice Quality: Reliability and Correlations with Acoustic Measurements’, Revue de Laryngologie, Otologie, Rhinologie, 1996, 117, 3, 219–24.
37. Gary Weismer, Daniel A. Dinnsen, and Mary Elbert, ‘A Study of the Voicing Distinction Associated with Omitted, Word-Final Stops’, Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, 1981, 46, 320–8.
38. Tim Bressmann, ‘Comparison of Nasalance Scores Obtained with the Nasometer, the NasalView, and the OroNasal System’, The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal, 2005, 42, 423–33.
Part 6: Clinical Phonology
39. Pamela Grunwell, ‘The Development of Phonology: A Descriptive Profile’, First Language, 1981, 2, 161–91.
40. David Ingram, ‘The Nature of Deviant Phonology’, Phonological Disability in Children (Edward Arnold, 1976), pp. 98–129.
41. Stephen Camarata and Jack Gandour, ‘On Describing Idiosyncratic Phonologic Systems’, Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, 1984, 49, 262–6.
42. Daniel A. Dinnsen et al., ‘Some Constraints on Functionally Disordered Phonology: Phonetic Inventories and Phonotactics’, Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 1990, 33, 28–37.
43. Steven B. Chin and Daniel A. Dinnsen, ‘Feature Geometry in Disordered Phonologies’, Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics, 1991, 5, 329–37.
44. John Harris, Jocelynne Watson, and Sally Bates, ‘Prosody and Melody in Vowel Disorder’, Journal of Linguistics, 1999, 35, 489–525.
Part 7: Developmental Disorders of Language
45. Laurence B. Leonard, ‘Specific Language Impairment: Characterizing the Deficit’, in Y. Levy and J. Schaeffer (eds.), Language Competence Across Populations (Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2003), pp. 209–31.
46. Heather K. J. van der Lely, ‘Domain-Specific Cognitive Systems: Insight from Grammatical-SLI’, Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 2005, 9, 2, 53–9.
47. Laurence B. Leonard, Carol Miller, and Erika Gerber, ‘Grammatical Morphology and the Lexicon in Children with Specific Language Impairment’, Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 1999, 42, 678–89.
48. David Snow, ‘A Linguistic Account of a Developmental, Semantic-Pragmatic Disorder: Evidence from a Case Study’, Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics, 1996, 10, 281–98.
49. Vesna Stojanovik, Mick Perkins, and Sara Howard, ‘Williams Syndrome and Specific Language Impairment Do Not Support Claims for Developmental Double Dissociations and Innate Modularity’, Journal of Neurolinguistics, 2004, 17, 403–24.
50. Gary Morgan, Rosalind Herman, and Bencie Woll, ‘Language Impairments in Sign Language: Breakthroughs and Puzzles’, International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, 2007, 42, 97–105.
51. Johanne Paradis, ‘Bilingual Children with Specific Language Impairment: Theoretical and Applied Issues’, Applied Psycholinguistics, 2007, 28, 551–64.
Part 8: Acquired Disorders of Language
52. Ruth Lesser, ‘Linguistics and Aphasia’, Linguistic Investigations of Aphasia (Edward Arnold, 1978), pp. 20–38.
53. Roelien Bastiaanse, ‘Broca’s Aphasia: A Syntactic and/or a Morphological Disorder? A Case Study’, Brain and Language, 1995, 48, 1–32.
54. Jean-Luc Nespoulous and Monique Dordain, ‘Agrammatism: A Disruption of the Phonological Processing of Grammatical Morphemes?’, Morphology, Phonology, and Aphasia (Springer-Verlag, 1990), pp. 270–7.
55. Hugh W. Buckingham, Jr. and Andrew Kertesz, ‘A Linguistic Analysis of Fluent Aphasia’, Brain and Language, 1974, 1, 43–62.
56. Hanna K. Ulatowska, Lee Allard, and Sandra Bond Chapman, ‘Narrative and Procedural Discourse in Aphasia’, in Y. Joanette and H. H. Brownell (eds.), Discourse Ability and Brain Damage (Springer-Verlag, 1989), pp. 180–98.
57. Jane Marshall et al., ‘Aphasia in a User of British Sign Language: Dissociation Between Sign and Gesture’, Cognitive Neuropsychology, 2004, 21, 537–54.
58. Michel Paradis, ‘Bilingual and Polyglot Aphasia’, in R. S. Berndt (eds.), Handbook of Neuropsychology, 2nd edn., Vol. 3 (‘Language and Aphasia’) (Elsevier, 2001), pp. 69–91.
Part 9: Cognitive–Communicative Disorders
59. Susan Curtiss et al., ‘The Linguistic Development of Genie’, Language, 1974, 50, 528–54.
60. Bernard G. Grela, ‘Do Children with Down Syndrome have Difficulty with Argument Structure?’, Journal of Communication Disorders, 2003, 36, 263–79.
61. Sarah C. Bartlett, Elizabeth Armstrong, and Jacqueline Roberts, ‘Linguistic Resources of Individuals with Asperger Syndrome’, Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics, 2005, 19, 203–13.
62. Michael Perkins, Richard Body, and Mark Parker, ‘Closed Head Injury: Assessment and Remediation of Topic Bias and Repetitiveness’, in M. Perkins and S. Howard (eds.), Case Studies in Clinical Linguistics (Whurr, 1995), pp. 293–320.
63. Chris Code, ‘Can the Right Hemisphere Speak?’, Brain and Language, 1997, 57, 38–59.
64. Kathryn A. Bayles, ‘Language Function in Senile Dementia’, Brain and Language, 1982, 16, 265–80.
Part 10: Application of Clinical Linguistics in Educational Settings
65. Ann A. Tyler and G. Randall Figurski, ‘Phonetic Inventory Changes After Treating Distinctions Along an Implicational Hierarchy’, Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics, 1994, 8, 91–107.
66. Judith A. Geirut, ‘Maximal Opposition Approach to Phonological Treatment’, Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, 1989, 54, 9–19.
67. Fiona E. Gibbon, ‘Undifferentiated Lingual Gestures in Children with Articulation/Phonological Disorders’, Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 1999, 42, 382–97.
68. Gabrielle King and Paul Fletcher, ‘Grammatical Problems in School-Age Children with Specific Language Impairment’, Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics, 1993, 7, 339–52.
69. Eva Magnusson and Kerstin Nauclér, ‘Reading and Spelling in Language-disordered Children—Linguistic and Metalinguistic Prerequisites: Report on a Longitudinal Study’, Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics, 1990, 4, 49–61.
70. Maureen Dennis and Marcia A. Barnes, ‘Speech Acts After Mild or Severe Childhood Head Injury’, Aphasiology, 2000, 14, 391–405.
71. Joan Rahilly, ‘The Contribution of Clinical Phonetics to the Investigation of Oracy Problems in the Classroom’, Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics, 2003, 17, 241–56.
72. Ben Maassen, Paul Groenen, and Thom Crul, ‘Auditory and Phonetic Perception of Vowels in Children with Apraxic Speech Disorders’, Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics, 2003, 17, 447–67.
73. Amanda Bradford and Barbara Dodd, ‘Do all Speech-Disordered Children have Motor Deficits?’, Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics, 1996, 10, 77–101.
74. Adele W. Miccio, Carol Scheffner Hammer, and Almeida Jacqueline Toribio, ‘Linguistics and Speech-Language Pathology: Combining Research Efforts Toward Improved Interventions for Bilingual Children’, in J. E. Alatis, H. E. Hamilton, and A.-H. Tan (eds.), Georgetown University Round Table on Languages and Linguistics 2000 (Georgetown University Press, 2000), pp. 234–50.
Part 11: Application of Clinical Linguistics in Medical Settings
75. Brian T. Harel et al., ‘Acoustic Characteristics of Parkinsonian Speech: A Potential Biomarker of Early Disease Progression and Treatment’, Journal of Neurolinguistics, 2004, 17, 439–53.
76. Angela Zimmerman et al., ‘The Influence of Oral Cavity Tumour Treatment on the Voice Quality and on Fundamental Frequency’, Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics, 2003, 17, 273–81.
77. Tara L. Whitehill et al., ‘Acoustic Analysis of Vowels Following Glossectomy’, Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics, 2006, 20, 135–40.
78. Ingrid Aichert and Wolfram Ziegler, ‘Syllable Frequency and Syllable Structure in Apraxia of Speech’, Brain and Language, 2004, 88, 148–59.
79. Paula A. Dagenais, Gidget R. Brown, and Robert E. Moore, ‘Speech Rate Effects Upon Intelligibility and Acceptability of Dysarthric Speech’, Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics, 2006, 20, 141–8.
80. Jack Ryalls, Kristina Gustafson, and Celia Santini, ‘Preliminary Investigation of Voice Onset Time Production in Persons with Dysphagia’, Dysphagia, 1999, 14, 169–75.
81. Michael Weinrich, Katharina I. Boser, and Denise McCall, ‘Representation of Linguistic Rules in the Brain: Evidence from Training an Aphasic Patient to Produce Past Tense Verb Morphology’, Brain and Language, 1999, 70, 144–58.
82. Mary Boyle and Carl A. Coelho, ‘Application of Semantic Feature Analysis as a Treatment for Aphasic Dysnomia’, American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 1995, 4, 4, 94–8.
83. Inger Moen, ‘Analysis of a Case of the Foreign Accent Syndrome in Terms of the Framework of Gestural Phonology’, Journal of Neurolinguistics, 2006, 19, 410–23.
Part 12: Emerging Issues and Controversies
84. Ray D. Kent, ‘Hearing and Believing: Some Limits to the Auditory-perceptual Assessment of Speech and Voice Disorders’, American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 1996, 5, 3, 7–23.
85. Sara J. Howard and Barry C. Heselwood, ‘Learning and Teaching Phonetic Transcription for Clinical Purposes’, Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics, 2002, 16, 371–401.
86. Jack S. Damico et al., ‘Qualitative Methods in Aphasia Research: Basic Issues’, Aphasiology, 1999, 13, 651–65.
87. Elise Baker and Sharynne McLeod, ‘Evidence-Based Management of Phonological Impairment in Children’, Child Language Teaching and Therapy, 2004, 20, 261–85.
88. Thomas W. Powell, ‘A Model for Ethical Practices in Clinical Phonetics and Linguistics’, Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics, 2007, 21, 851–7.
89. David Crystal, ‘The Past, Present, and Future of Clinical Linguistics’, in M. Montfort (ed.), Investigaccion y Logopedia (Ciencias de la Educacion Preescolar y Especial, 1986), pp. 34–42.
Routledge Critical Concepts in Linguistics series provides authoritative reprints of the discipline's best and most influential scholarship. This series looks at language from the point of view of the user, at the choices made and the constraints encountered when we use language. Edited by experts in the field, each set puts the development of fundamental concepts and themes into their historical context, as well as providing students and researchers with a snapshot of contemporary debates and current thinking.