This publication does not just mark the presence of black people in Europe, but brings research to a new stage by making connections across Europe through the experience of work and labour. The working experience for black peoples in Europe was not just confined to ports and large urban areas – often the place black people are located in the imagination of the European map both today and historically. Work took place in small towns, villages and on country estates. Until the 1800s enslaved Africans would have worked alongside free blacks and their white peers. How were these labour relations realised be it on a country estate or a town house? How did this experience translate into the labour movements of the twentieth century? These are some of the questions the essays in this collection address, contributing to new understandings of European life both historically and today.
This book was originally published as a special issue of Immigrants and Minorities.
1. Introduction: Belonging in Europe Caroline Bressey and Hakim Adi 2. Job Mobility amongst Black People in England and Wales during the Long Eighteenth Century Kathleen Chater 3. ‘No Longer Strangers and Foreigners, but Fellow Citizens’: The Voice and Dream of Jacobus Eliza Capitein, African Theologist in the Netherlands (1717 – 47) Dienke Hondius 4. Pictured at Work: Employment in Art (1800 – 1900) Jan Marsh 5. Looking for Work: The Black Presence in Britain 1860 – 1920 Caroline Bressey 6. John Archer and the Politics of Labour in Battersea (1906 – 32) Sean Creighton 7. Surviving in the Metropole: The Struggle for Work and Belonging amongst African Colonial Migrants in Weimar Germany Robbie Aitken 8. The Comintern and Black Workers in Britain and France 1919 – 37 Hakim Adi 9. Fighting Racism: Black Soldiers and Workers in Britain during the Second World War Gavin Schaffer