The Jesuit Missions to China and Peru, 1570-1610

Expectations and Appraisals of Expansionism

By Ana Carolina Hosne

© 2013 – Routledge

200 pages | 11 B/W Illus.

Purchasing Options:
Hardback: 9780415529822
pub: 2013-05-23
US Dollars$155.00
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About the Book

The rulers of the overseas empires summoned the Society of Jesus to evangelize their new subjects in the ‘New World’ which Spain and Portugal shared; this book is about how two different missions, in China and Peru, evolved in the early modern world. From a European perspective, this book is about the way Christianity expanded in the early modern period, craving universalism.

In China, Matteo Ricci was so impressed by the influence that the scholar-officials were able to exert on the Ming Emperor himself that he likened them to the philosopher-kings of Plato’s Republic. The Jesuits in China were in the hands of the scholar-officials, with the Emperor at the apex, who had the power to decide whether they could stay or not. Meanwhile, in Peru, the Society of Jesus was required to impose Tridentine Catholicism by Philip II, independently of Rome, a task that entailed compliance with the colonial authorities’ demands.

This book explores how leading Jesuits, Matteo Ricci (1552-1610) in China and José de Acosta (1540-1600) in Peru, envisioned mission projects and reflected them on the catechisms they both composed, with a remarkable power of endurance. It offers a reflection on how the Jesuits conceived and assessed these mission spaces, in which their keen political acumen and a certain taste for power unfolded, playing key roles in envisioning new doctrinal directions and reflecting them in their doctrinal texts.

Table of Contents

Introduction Part 1: The Men and the Missions 1. The Men 2. The Missions 3. The Tricky Concepts of Hispanicization in Peru and Accommodation in China Part 2: The Missions and their Texts Introduction 4. The Craftsmanship of Jesuit Catechisms in Peru and China 5. Christian Truths in the Andean and Chinese Settings Conclusion

About the Author

Ana Carolina Hosne is a Marie Curie Fellow of the Gerda Henkel Foundation at the University of Heidelberg, Germany.

About the Series

Routledge Studies in the Modern History of Asia

During the nineteenth and twentieth centuries Asia has undergone immense and far reaching changes: war, revolution, occupation, industrialization. This series includes in-depth research on aspects of economic, political and social history of individual countries as well as more broad-reaching analyses of regional issues.

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SOC008000
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Ethnic Studies / General