Between 2000 and 2005, colour revolutions swept away authoritarian and semi-authoritarian regimes in Serbia, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan and Ukraine. Yet, after these initial successes, attempts to replicate the strategies failed to produce regime change elsewhere in the region. The book argues that students of democratization and democracy promotion should study not only the successful colour revolutions, but also the colour revolution prevention strategies adopted by authoritarian elites. Based on a series of qualitative, country-focused studies the book explores the whole spectrum of anti-democratization policies, adopted by autocratic rulers and demonstrates that authoritarian regimes studied democracy promotion techniques, used in various colour revolutions, and focused their prevention strategies on combatting these techniques.
The book proposes a new typology of authoritarian reactions to the challenge of democratization and argues that the specific mix of policies and rhetoric, adopted by each authoritarian regime, depended on the perceived intensity of threat to regime survival and the regime’s perceived strength vis-à-vis the democratic opposition.
This book was published as a special issue of Democratization.
Preface Evgeny Finkel and Yitzhak Brudny 1. No more colour! Authoritarian regimes and colour revolutions in Eurasia Evgeny Finkel and Yitzhak Brudny 2. Russia and the colour revolutions Evgeny Finkel and Yitzhak Brudny 3. Questioning democracy promotion: Belarus' response to the ‘colour revolutions’ Elena Korosteleva 4. Oil in the family: managing presidential succession in Azerbaijan Scott Radnitz 5. Coloured by revolution: the political economy of autocratic stability in Uzbekistan Jennifer Murtazashvili 6. Tajikistan: authoritarian reaction in a postwar state Lawrence Markowitz 7. Democracy promotion, authoritarian resiliency, and political unrest in Iran Güneş Murat Tezcür
The journal, Democratization, emerged in 1994, during ‘the third wave of democracy’, a period which saw democratic transformation of dozens of regimes around the world. Over the last decade or so, the journal has published a number of special issues as books, each of which has focused upon cutting edge issues linked to democratization. Collectively, they underline the capacity of democratization to induce debate, uncertainty, and perhaps progress towards better forms of politics, focused on the achievement of the democratic aspirations of men and women everywhere.