Environmental Impact Assessment Methodologies

2nd Edition

By Y. Anjaneyulu, Valli Manickam

© 2011 – CRC Press

428 pages

Purchasing Options:
Hardback: 9780415665568
pub: 2011-07-11
US Dollars$132.95

e–Inspection Copy

About the Book

This Second Edition of Environmental Impact Assessment Methodologies covers basic concepts and important methodologies. It details the prediction and assessment of impacts on soil and groundwater management, surface water management, biological environment, air environment, the impact of noise on the environment, and of socio-economic and human health impacts. This new edition contains an additional chapter on environmental risk assessment and risk management, a chapter on the application of remote sensing and GIS in EIA and a chapter with EIA case studies. Written clearly and concisely, it presents the fundamentals of EIA and how to apply these in practice. This volume is intended for a global audience of advanced students and practitioners in environmental management and planning.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Fundamental Approach to Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)

1.A Basic Concept of EIA

1.A.1 Introduction

1.A.2 EIA Procedure

1.B Systematic Approach for Using EIA as a Planning Tool for Major Project Activities

1.B.1 Introduction

1.B.2 Preparation of Environmental Base Map

1.B.3 Identification of Study Area

1.B.4 Classification of Environmental Parameters

1.B.5 Formation of EIA Study Team

1.B.6 Preparation of Terms of Reference

1.B.7 Preparation of an EIA Report

1.B.8 Environmental Monitoring and management Plan

1.B.9 Draft and Final Envionmental Impact Statements

1.B.10 Impact Analysis

1.B.11 Format and Content of a Draft Environmental Impact Statements (DEIS)

1.B.12 DEIS Processing

1.B.13 Final Environmental Impact Statements (FEIS)

1.C Comparative Evaluation Alternatives from EIA Studies

1.C.1 Selecting a Preferred Alternative

1.C.2 Conceptual Basis for Trade-Off Analysis

1.C.3 Importance Weighting of Decision Factors



Chapter 2 EIA Methodologies

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Criteria for the Selection of EIA Methodology

2.3 EIA Methods

2.4 Predictive Models for Impact Assessment



Chapter 3 Prediction and Assessment of Impacts on Soil and Ground Water Environment

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Soils and Ground water

3.3 Methodology for the Prediction and Assessment of Impacts on Soil and Groundwater References


Chapter 4 Prediction and Assessment of Impacts on Surface Water Environment

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Project Which Create Impact Concerns for the Surface-water Environment

4.3 Systematic Methods for Evaluation of Impacts of Various Developmental Activities on Surface Water




Chapter 5 Prediction and Assessment of Impacts on Biological Environment

5.1 Introduction

5.2 General Methodology for the Assessment of Impacts on Biological Environment

5.3 Systematic Approach for Evaluating Biological Impacts

5.4 Typical Examples for Carrying out EIA

5.5 Typical Example Assessment of Impacts of Road Development on Flora and Fauna



Chapter 6 Prediction and Assessment of Impacts on the Air Environment

6.1 Introduction

6.2 A Generalized Approach for Assessment of Air Pollution Impact



Chapter 7 Prediction and Assessment of Impacts of Noise on the Environment

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Basic Information of Noise

7.3 Noise Measurement

7.4 Effects of Noise of People

7.5 Systematic Methodology for Assessing Environmental Impacts of Noise



Chapter 8 Prediction and Assessment of Impacts of Socio-Economic and Human Health Impacts

8.A Prediction and Assessment of Impacts on the Socio-Economic Environment

8.A.1 Introduction

8.A.2 Social Assessment

8.A.3 Conceptual Frame Work for Socio Economic Assessment

8.B Prediction and Assessment of Impacts of Project Activities on Human Health

8.B.1 Tasks of Health Impact Assessment

8.B.2 Methodology

8.C Assessment of Impacts of Project Activities on Traffic and Transportation Systems



Chapter 9 Environmental Risk Assessment (ERA) and Risk Management in EIA

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Environmental Risk Assessment (ERA

9.3 Risk Assessment and Treatment of Uncertainty

9.4 Key Steps in Performing an Environmental Risk Assessment (ERA)

9.5 Advantages and Limitations of Environmental Risk Assessment



Chapter 10 Application of Remote Sensing and GIS for EIA

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Concepts of Environmental Remote Sensing

10.3 Basic Principles of Remote Sensing

10.3.1 Electromagnetic Energy

10.3.2 Photography and Optical Data

10.4 Airborne Light Detection and Ranging System (LIDAR)

10.5 Thermal Imagery

10.6 Radar

10.7 Satellite Orbits

10.8 Application of Environmental Remote Sensing for EIA

10.8.1 Linear Projects

10.8.2 Coastal Zone Studies

10.8.3 Estuaries

10.8.4 Land Use and Land Cover Studies

10.8.5 Sources of Remote Sensing Applications

10. 9 Application of GIS for EIA

10.9.1 What is a GIS?

10.9.2 GIS Concepts and Techniques

10.10 GIS for Environmental Impact Assessment

10.10.1 Possible Approaches

10.10.2 Resource Implications

10.10.3 GIS in Screening, Scoping and Baseline Studies

10.11 Databases for GIS

10.12 Major Applications of GIS



Chapter 11 EIA Case Studies

11.1 Introduction

11.2 Environmental Impact of Industrial Development

11.2.1 Physical Resources

11.2.2 Ecological Resources

11.2.3 Human use values

11.2.4 Quality-of-life values

11.2.5 Project Siting

11.3 Factors to be considered in Making Assessment Decisions

11.4 Guidelines for Preparations of TORS for Life of Industrial Development Projects for Initial Environmental Examination.

11.5 Management Requirements for the Preparation of EIA for industrial projects

11.6 Preparation of EIA of Land Clearing Projects

11.7 Assessment of Impacts of Traffic and Transportation

11.8 Physiography and Drainage

11.9 Geology and Structure

11.10 Climate

11.11 Soil Series

11.12 Land use/ Land cover

11.13 Preparation of the Secondary Overlays

11.13.1 Slope

11.14 Generation of Final Overlays for Decision Making

11.14.1 Hydrogeomorphology and Groundwater

11.14.2 Land-Irrigability

11.14.3 Composite Erosion Intensity Units/Composite Land Development Sites

11.14.4 Land Capability

11.14.5 Sediment Yield Index

11.15 Treatment Plans

11.15.1 Development Plan for the command Area


About the Authors

Dr Y. Anjaneyulu is presently a Visiting Professor at the Environment and Chemistry Department and the TLGVRC Director at Jackson State University, Mississippi, USA. Educated as an Environmental Chemist, he has worked as a professor and director at the Institute of Science and Technology, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad. He has a broad and deep knowledge of the subject and is also the author of the book, Introduction to Environmental Sciences (BS Publications).

Dr Valli Manickam, PhD is presently working as a lecturer at Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad. She has gained a wide experience in Environmental Impact Assessment, both by her research and by her teaching assignments.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
NATURE / Environmental Conservation & Protection
SCIENCE / Earth Sciences / General
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General