The book deals with the dynamics and growth of a violent 21st century communist rebellion initiated in Nepal by the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) – CPN(M). It contextualizes and explains why and how a violent Maoist insurgency grew in Nepal after the end of the Cold War, in contrast to the decline of other radical communist movements in most parts of the world.
Scholars from diverse disciplinary backgrounds employ a wide variety of approaches and methods to unravel different aspects of the rebellion. Individual chapters analyze the different causes of the insurgency, factors that contributed to its growth, the organization, agency, ideology and strategies employed by the rebels and the state, and the consequences of the insurgency.
New issues are analysed in conjunction with the insurgency, such as the role of the Maoist student organization, Maoist's cultural troupes, the organization and strategies of the People's Army and the Royal Nepal Army, indoctrination and recruitment of rebels, and international factors. Based on original field work and a thorough analysis of empirical data, this book fills an existing gap in academic analyses of the insurgency in Nepal.
Part 1: Introduction 1. Evolution and Growth of the Maoist insurgency in Nepal Mahendra Lawoti Part 2: Agency, Ideology, Organization and Support 2. Recruiting Rebels: Indoctrination and Political Education in Nepal Kristine Eck 3. Catchy Melodies and Clenched Fists: Performance as Politics in Maoist Cultural Programs Monica Mottin 4. The Repertoire of Scientific Organization: Ideology, Ideology and the Maoist Student Union Amanda Snellinger 5. Between Clientelistic Dependency and Liberal Market Economy: Rural Support for Maoist Insurgency in Nepal Madhav Joshi Part 3: Revolutionary Governance 6. Political Change and Cultural Revolution in a Maoist Model Village, Mid-Western Nepal Marie Lecomte-Tiouline Part 4: Ethnic Dimension 7. Ethnic Dimensions of the Maoist Insurgencies: Indigenous Groups' Participation and Insurgency Trajectories in Nepal, Peru and India Mahendra Lawoti 8. Maoist-Madhesi Dynamics and Nepal’s Peace Process Pramod Kantha Part 5: Military and State Dimension 9. Military Dimensions of the "People’s War": Insurgency and Counterinsurgency in Nepal Ashok Kumar Mehta and Mahendra Lawoti 10. Unequal Rebellions: The Continuum of "People’s War" in Nepal and India Anup Pahari Part 6: External Dimension 11. External Engagement in Nepal’s Armed Conflict Bishnu Raj UpretiPart 7: Identifying the Causes 12. An Assessment of the Causes of Conflict in Nepal Bishwa Nath Tiwari 13. The Maoist Insurgency and the Political Economy of Violence Avidit Acharya Part 8: After the War 14. Bullets, Ballots, and Bounty: Maoist Electoral Victory in Nepal Mahendra Lawoti 15. Violent Conflict and Change: Costs and Benefits of the Maoist Rebellion in Nepal Mahendra Lawoti and Anup Pahari