© 2016 – Routledge
224 pages | 10 B/W Illus.
This book is an up-to-date critical examination of education in Japan by an author of the widely read and comprehensive Education in Contemporary Japan: Diversity and Inequality (1999, Cambridge University Press). In the last two decades Japan has faced slow economic growth, a low birth rate and an aging and increasingly multi-ethnic population. In education we have seen responses to these challenges in national and local educational policies, as well as in school-level practices.
The book discusses these significant developments and raises the following questions: Why have these developments emerged and how will they affect the youth and society as a whole? How have schools been responding to transnationalism and an increasingly multi-ethnic student population? In what ways have the gaps in educational achievement between groups altered, and why? How have these trends affected the existing patterns of diversity and inequality in educational participation and achievement in terms of class, ethnicity and gender?
Going beyond changing educational policies, the book illuminates cumulative adjustments in the daily practice of schooling, as well as how various groups in society make sense of these changes. Written in a highly accessible style, each chapter starts with a story of school-level experience to illustrate how these are affected by, and collectively impact on, the policies and society as a whole.
1. Introduction 2. Institutional system and practice of education in 2012 3. Directions of change: diversity, local autonomy and accountability 4. Responding to an increasingly multi-ethnic student population 5. Diversity in experiences and preferences, and in social inequality 6. New roles for the old practice: the case of compulsory school lunches and education about eating (shokuiku) 7. Relationship between regular schooling and other forms of education 8. Conclusions
In Asia, schooling, teaching and learning are undergoing major changes as a consequence of wider economic, social, cultural and political movements. The success of some Asian countries in international education benchmarks has redirected attention to the region. This is counterbalanced by other countries that are struggling to educate their citizens in the midst of political instability, ideological and religious tensions, poverty and natural disasters. In spite of such broad differences across countries in Asia, pioneering and innovative research is being conducted that is of increasing interest to researchers, practitioners, policymakers, and governments worldwide.
The Routledge Critical Studies in Asian Education book series will examine key theoretical and empirical research on the changing institutional and cultural contexts of Asian education. The series aims to establish a strong platform for the critical discussion of educational practices and pedagogies in Asia, and is open to Asian and international researchers with a focus on the region. Interdisciplinary research is welcomed, including education, social sciences, psychology, organisational studies, economics, history, political science, cultural studies, and language and literacy.