Debates in Nineteenth-Century European Philosophy

Essential Readings and Contemporary Responses

Edited by Kristin Gjesdal

© 2016 – Routledge

394 pages

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Paperback: 9780415842853
pub: 2015-11-24
Hardback: 9780415842846
pub: 2015-11-25

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About the Book

Debates in Nineteenth-Century European Philosophy offers an engaging and in-depth introduction to the philosophical questions raised by this rich and far reaching period in the history of philosophy. Throughout thirty chapters (organized into fifteen sections), the volume surveys the intellectual contributions of European philosophy in the nineteenth century, but it also engages the on-going debates about how these contributions can and should be understood. As such, the volume provides both an overview of nineteenth-century European philosophy and an introduction to contemporary scholarship in this field.


"This is a superb volume with outstanding contributions by the very top scholars of German Idealism and nineteenth century philosophy. The inclusion of three generations of scholars in this collection makes it a truly admirable achievement and asset."

Yitzhak Y. Melamed, Johns Hopkins University, USA

'Should philosophy be systematic or should it be focused on discrete puzzles? Historical or argumentative? Continental or analytic? This volume shows compellingly that in every case the answer is "both."'

Richard Eldridge, Swarthmore College, USA

'This highly recommended volume is original in its conception and impressive in its execution. The pairing of classical interpretations with reactions by top current philosophers is excellently done. Specialists and students alike will benefit from this outstanding collection of seminal discussions of leading figures from Kant through Freud.'

Karl P. Ameriks, University of Notre Dame, USA

Table of Contents

Contributors, Editor's Introduction, I. Kantian Presuppositions. 1.The Reception of the Critique of Pure Reason in German Idealism, by Rolf-Peter Horstmann. 2. The Reception of the Critique of Pure Reason in German Idealism: A Response to Rolf-Peter Horstmann, by Paul Guyer. II. Fichte (1762-1814). 3. Fichte's Original Insight, by Dieter Henrich. 4. Fichte's Original Insight: Dieter Henrich's Pioneering Piece Half A Century Later, by Günter Zöller. III. Romanticism. 5. Philosophical Foundations of Early Romanticism, by Manfred Frank. 6. Response to Manfred Frank, "Philosophical Foundations of Early Romanticism", by Michael N. Forster. IV. Hegel (1770-1831). 7. From Desire to Recognition: Hegel's Account of Human Sociality, by Axel Honneth. 8. On Honneth's Interpretation of Hegel's "Phenomenology of Self-Consciousness", by Robert B. Pippin. V. Schelling (1775-1854). 9. The Nature of Subjectivity: The Critical and Systematic Function of Schelling's Philosophy of Nature, by Dieter Sturma. 10. Nature as Unconditioned? The Critical and Systematic Function of Schelling's Early Works, by Dalia Nassar. VI. Schopenhauer (1788-1860). 11. The Real Essence of Human Beings: Schopenhauer and the Unconscious Will, by Christopher Janaway. 12. Emancipation from the Will, by David E. Wellbery. VII. Comte (1798-1857). 13. Auguste Comte and Modern Epistemology, by Johan Heilbron. 14. Why Was Comte an Epistemologist?, by Robert C. Scharff. VIII. Mill (1806-1873). 15. Mill: The Principle of Liberty, by John Rawls. 16. John Rawls on Mill's Principle of Liberty, by John Skorupski. IX. Darwin (1809-1882). 17. Darwin's Theory of Natural Selection and its Moral Purpose, by Robert J. Richards. 18. Response to Richards, by Gabriel Finkelstein. X. Kierkegaard (1813-1855). 19. Kierkegaard's On Authority and Revelation, by Stanley Cavell. 20. A Nice Arrangement of Epigrams: Stanley Cavell on Søren Kierkegaard, by Stephen Mulhall. XI. Marx (1818-1883). 21. Marx's, Metacritique of Hegel: Synthesis Through Social Labor, by Jürgen Habermas. 22. Epistemology and Self-Reflection in the Young Marx, by Espen Hammer. XII. Dilthey (1833-1911). 23. Wilhelm Dilthey after 150 Years (Between Romanticism and Positivism), by Hans-Georg Gadamer. 24. Gadamer on Dilthey, by Frederick C. Beiser. XIII. Nietzsche (1844-1900). 25. Nietzsche's Minimalist Moral Psychology, by Bernard Williams. 26. Naturalism, Minimalism, and the Scope of Nietzsche's Philosophical Psychology, by Paul Katsafanas. XIV. Freud (1856-1939). 27. Bad Faith and Falsehood, by Jean-Paul Sartre. 28. Freud, by Sebastian Gardner. XV. Twentieth-Century Developments. 29. Analytic and Conversational Philosophy, by Richard Rorty. 30. Not Knowing What the Right Hand is Doing: Rorty's "Ambidextrous" Analytic Redescription of Nineteenth-Century Hegelian Philosophy, by Paul Redding. References for Republished Texts.


About the Editor

Kristin Gjesdal is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Temple University. Her work covers the areas of post-Kantian philosophy (especially hermeneutics and phenomenology), aesthetics, and enlightenment thought. She is the author of Gadamer and the Legacy of German Idealism (2009) and the editor (with Michael Forster) of The Oxford Handbook to German Philosophy in the Nineteenth Century (2015).

About the Series

Key Debates in the History of Philosophy

New students to the history of philosophy face a serious risk when first encountering the classic texts of the canon.  They often may equate a summary of an important philosopher as the final word on that thinker.  Lost in the introductions and primers to the great philosophers are the complexities and range of competing interpretations that result from close readings of the primary texts.  Unlike any other undergraduate introduction in this field, Key Debates in the History of Philosophy are designed to lead students back to the classic works so that they may better understand what's at stake in these competing viewpoints.

Each volume in the series contains 10 to 15 interpretive issues, or sections, with two chapters included in each section.  The first chapter is a re-printed well known journal article or book chapter.  The second chapter either takes to task or build upon the argument in the first article and is written by a different scholar especially for the volume.  The result is a new kind of introduction–one that enables students to understand philosophy's history as a still-living debate, rather than a string of unearthed truths from the past.  A volume introduction and an introduction to each section enable the student to enter the debates more fully informed.  The section introductions will explain how the interpretive problem arises and why it matters and provide a short range of possible solutions.  They also will offer information on important political and social contexts, explain any technical terms, and unpack references to larger arguments.  An annotated Suggested Reading List at the end of each section will point the new student to additional scholarship on each debate.  Each volume concludes with a glossary of terms germane to both the period and the history of philosophy in general.

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