Universities have been propelled into the center of the global political economy of knowledge production by a number of factors: mass education, academic capitalism, the globalization of knowledge, the democratization of communication in the era of the Internet, and the emergence of the knowledge and innovation economy. The latest book in the International Studies in Higher Education series, Universities and the Public Sphere addresses the vital role of research universities as global public spheres, sites where public interaction, conversation and deliberation take place, where the nature of the State and private interests can be openly debated and contested. At a time of increased privatization, open markets, and government involvement in higher education, the book also addresses the challenges facing the university in its role as a global public sphere.
In this volume, international contributors challenge prevalent views of the global marketplace to create a deeper understanding of higher education's role in knowledge creation and nation building. In nearly every national context the pressures of globalization, neo-liberal economic restructuring, and new managerial imperatives challenge traditional norms of autonomy, academic freedom, access and affordability. The authors in Universities and the Public Sphere argue that universities are uniquely suited to have transformative democratic potential as global public spheres.
1. Introduction and Overview of the Book, Brian Pusser, Ken Kempner, Simon Marginson, and Imanol Ordorika
2. The "Public" Contribution of Universities in an Increasingly Global World, Simon Marginson
3. Power and Authority in the Creation of a Public Sphere Through Higher Education, Brian Pusser
4. The Global Sorting Machine: An Examination of Neo-racism Among International Students and Postdocs, Jenny J. Lee and Brendan Cantwell
5. Reconsidering the Realities of the International Student Market: A Perspective from Japan and East Asia, Akiyoshi Yonezawa and Hugo Horta
6. University Rankings, Global Models, and Emerging Hegemony: Critical Analysis from Japan, Mayumi Ishikawa
7. The Corporatization of National Universities in Finland, Jussi Välimaa
8. Negotiating Race and Gender Identity in the Knowledge Age: The Case of South African Universities, Reitumetse Obakeng Mabokela
9. The Broken Promise of Neoliberal Restructuring of South African Higher Education, Ivor Baatjes, Carol Anne Spreen and Salim Vally
10. Higher Education and the Public Sphere in Angola, Ken Kempner and Ana Jurema
11. Selling Out Academia?: Higher Education, Economic Crises and Freire’s Generative Themes, Greg William Misiaszek, Lauren Ila Jones, and Carlos Alberto Torres
12. Post Neoliberalism: The Professional Identity of Faculty off the Tenure-track, John S. Levin, Genevieve Shaker and Richard Wagoner
13. Chameleon's Agenda: Transformations of Private Universities within the Framework of Public Higher Education Policies in Mexico, Roberto Rodriguez-Gomez and Imanol Ordorika