This valuable reference work synthesizes and elucidates traditional themes and issues in Islamic philosophy as well as prominent topics emerging from the last twenty years of scholarship. Written for a wide readership of students and scholars, The Routledge Companion to Islamic Philosophy is unique in including coverage of both perennial philosophical issues in an Islamic context and also distinct concerns that emerge from Islamic religious thought. This work constitutes a substantial affirmation that Islamic philosophy is an integral part of the Western philosophical tradition.
Featuring 33 chapters, divided into seven thematic sections, this volume explores the major areas of philosophy: Logic, Metaphysics, Philosophy in the Sciences, Philosophy of Mind/Epistemology, and Ethics/Politics as well as philosophical issues salient in Islamic revelation, theology, prophecy, and mysticism.
Other features include:
•A focus on both the classical and post-classical periods
•A contributing body that includes both widely respected scholars from around the world and a handful of the very best younger scholars
•"Reference" and "Further Reading" sections for each chapter and a comprehensive index for the whole volume
The result is a work that captures Islamic philosophy as philosophy. In this way it serves students and scholars of philosophy and religious studies and at the same time provides valuable essays relevant to the study of Islamic thought and theology.
"Routledge Companion to Islamic Philosophy, edited by Taylor and López-Farjeat, is a wonderful collection of contemporary secondary sources on Islamic philosophy. It is a real boon not only for the specialists, but also for the scholars and students of the history of philosophy, especially those interested in ancient and medieval traditions."
Mohammad Azadpur, San Francisco State University, USA
"In what promises to be a highly acclaimed volume, the editors have brought together a collection of essays that address the enduring questions in the Islamic philosophical tradition. Some of the most accomplished philosophers working in the field have treated most of the traditional topics and areas in Islamic philosophy; thereby making a major contribution to the growing field."
Mehdi Aminrazavi, University of Mary Washington, USA
"Classical Islamic philosophy has focused for many years on a few main figures, such as Avicenna, Averroes or Ibn Khaldun and on key issues such as the eternity of creation or human immortality. This vision is not wrong but partial. The book fills the absences of former histories with seven sections devoted to subjects stretching from philosophical issues in Islamic revelation to philosophy of mind in Islamic philosophy. Taylor and López-Farjeat, the editors of the volume, have succeeded in bringing into the study matters of the Islamic tradition which continue to cause philosophical challenges today."
Josep Puig Montada, Complutense University of Madrid, Spain
"This is a well-informed guide through a long tradition of thought, a book teachers and students will want to keep within reach as they strive for greater familiarity with the larger domain of Islamic philosophy and its related disciplines."
Charles E. Butterworth, University of Maryland, USA
Acknowledgements. Notes on Contributors. Introduction. Part I. Philosophical Issues in Islamic Revelation and Theology 1. God and Creation in al-Rāzī’s Commentary on the Qur’ān. 2. Reasoning in the Qur’ān. 3. Ethical Issues in the Qur’ān and Ḥadīth. 4. Human Reason in Islamic Theology. 5. Jurisprudence and Political Philosophy in Islam. Part II. Logic, Language and the Structure of Science. 6. Logic and Language. 7. Rhetoric, Poetics and the Organon. 8. Demonstration and Dialectic in Islamic Philosophy. 9. The Structure and Methods of the Sciences. Part III. Philosophy in the Natural Sciences. 10. The Establishment of the Principles of Natural Philosophy. 11. Causality in Islamic Philosophy. 12. The Eternity of the World. 13. Arabic Cosmology and the Physics of Cosmic Motion. 14. Body, Soul, and Sense in Nature. Part IV. Metaphysics. 15. Establishing the Science of Metaphysics. 16. Forms of Hylomorphism. 17. Essence and Existence in Ibn Sīnā. 18. Primary and Secondary Causality. 19. Metaphysics of God. 20. Creation in Islam from the Qur’ān to al-Fārābī. Part V. Epistemology and Philosophy of Mind. 21. External and Internal Human Senses. 22. The Epistemology of Abstraction. 23. Human Knowledge and Separate Intellect. 24. Intellect and the Intelligible in Unity. Part VI. Ethics and Political Philosophy. 25. The Ethics and Metaphysics of Divine Command Theory. 26. Freedom and Determinism. 27. Principles of the Philosophy of State. 28. Natural and Revealed Religion. 29. Law and Society. 30. The Ethical Treatment of Animals. Part VII. Philosophy, Religion and Mysticism. 31. Philosophy and Prophecy. 32. Philosophical Sufism. 33. Religious Readings of Philosophy
Routledge Philosophy Companions offer thorough, high quality surveys and assessments of the major topics and periods in philosophy. Covering key problems, themes and thinkers, all entries are specially commissioned for each volume and written by leading scholars in the field. Clear, accessible and carefully edited and organised, Routledge Philosophy Companions are indispensable for anyone coming to a major topic or period in philosophy, as well as for the more advanced reader.