Constructing Adolescence in Fantastic Realism

By Alison Waller

© 2008 – Routledge

12 pages

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Paperback: 9780415897747
pub: 2011-05-16
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About the Book

Constructing Adolescence in Fantastic Realism examines those fundamental themes which inform our understanding of "the teenager"—themes that emerge in both literary and cultural contexts. Models of adolescence do not arise solely from discourses of psychology, sociology, and education. Rather, these models—frameworks including developmentalism, identity formation, social agency, and subjectivity in cultural space—can also be found represented symbolically in fantastic tropes such as metamorphosis, time-slip, hauntings, doppelgangers, invisibility, magic gifts, and witchcraft. These are the incredible, supernatural, and magical elements that invade the everyday and diurnal world of fantastic realism.

In this original study, Alison Waller proposes a new critical term to categorize a popular and established genre in literature for teenagers: young adult fantastic realism. Though fantastic realism plays a crucial part in the short history of young adult literature, up until now this genre has typically been overlooked or subsumed into the wider class of fantasy. Touching on well-known authors including Robert Cormier, Melvin Burgess, Gillian Cross, Margaret Mahy, K.M. Peyton and Robert Westall, as well as previously unexamined writers, Waller explores the themes and ideological perspectives embedded in fantastic realist novels in order to ask whether parallel realities and fantastic identities produce forms of adolescence that are dynamic and subversive. One of the first studies to deal with late twentieth-century fantastic literature for young adults, this book makes a valuable contribution to our understanding of adult attitudes toward adolescent identity.


"Waller’s conclusion is important and thought-provoking for everyone working in the discipline of children’s and young adult literature: ‘The tensions have not yet generated narratives that explore the realm of adolescence without recourse to the teleology of development and adulthood, but they do perhaps hint at an embedded appreciation that adulthood itself is neither universal nor unified and may itself be constantly shifting, often unfulfilled, and in a constant state of becoming’ (196). At a time when fantasy dominates the international literary and cultural scene, especially in the field of crossover fiction, Constructing Adolescence in Fantastic Realism provides a solid stepping stone for further research and should generate much worthwhile debate." --Petros Panaou University of Nicosia, Cyprus, International Research in Children's Literature

"Through the hard and wide-ranging work of describing this subgenre and the ways it echoes the dominant culture’s models of adolescence, Waller has provided an important tool for thinking about adolescent fantasy and its—often failed—potential." --Joe Sutliff Sanders, California State University, San Bernardino, The Lion and the Unicorn

"The convincing argumentation and the wide range of primary and secondary sources discussed, make this study an interesting contribution to the study of a sub-genre that has not yet been analyzed in depth." --Claudia Söffner, Bookbird: A Journal of International Children's Literature

Table of Contents

Series Editor’s Forward



Chapter One: Developing through Fantasy: From Stasis to Transformation.

Chapter Two: Fantasies of Identity: The Self and Individualism

Chapter Three: Fantasies of Empowerment and Agency: Gender and the Burden of Responsibility

Chapter Four: Writing Fantastic Spaces: Real, Virtual and Textual Teens

Conclusion: New Evolutions: Fears and Pleasures of Young Adult Fantastic Realism




About the Author

Alison Waller is a lecturer in Children’s Literature at Roehampton University. An expert on young adult fantastic realism, she also has interests in supernatural literature and creative writing. Her publications include articles on Robert Cormier, Margaret Mahy and J. D. Salinger, and on the role of memory and emotion in rereading children’s literature.

About the Series

Children's Literature and Culture

Founded by Jack Zipes in 1994, Children's Literature and Culture is the longest-running series devoted to the study of children’s literature and culture from a national and international perspective. Dedicated to promoting original research in children’s literature and children’s culture, in 2011 the series expanded its focus to include childhood studies, and it seeks to explore the legal, historical, and philosophical conditions of different childhoods. An advocate for scholarship from around the globe, the series recognizes innovation and encourages interdisciplinarity. Children's Literature and Culture offers cutting-edge, upper-level scholarly studies and edited collections considering topics such as gender, race, picturebooks, childhood, nation, religion, technology, and many others. Titles are characterized by dynamic interventions into established subjects and innovative studies on emerging topics.

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