© 1992 – CRC Press
Ultrasonic Exposimetry presents the fundamentals of ultrasonics and discusses the theoretical background of acoustic wave generation and reception. Measurements, instrumentation, and interpretation of measured data (including error analysis) are examined in detail.
Ultrasound transducers, including transducers used in diagnostic imaging and therapeutic applications, are described. This section also presents a detailed description of transducers used in the recently introduced extracorporeal lithotripsy procedure.
Other topics examined in the book include current trends in labeling and characterizing acoustic devices (including present regulatory requirements and future implications), the operation of state-of-the-art miniature PVDF ultrasonic hydrophones and fiber optic hydrophones, recent advances in transducer calibration and calorimeter and radiation force measurements, and the intricacies of statistical error analysis.
Ultrasonic Exposimetry presents a wealth of invaluable information for students, instructors, researchers, biomedical engineers, and sonographers.
An Overview of Ultrasonic Exposimetry and Its Clinical Relevance (Peter A. Lewin and Marvin C. Ziskin). Physics of Ultrasound (P.N.T. Wells). Sources of Ultrasonic Exposure (Albert Goldstein). Relevant Field Parameters with Rationale (Wesley L. Nyborg and Junru Wu). Measurement Techniques: A. Hydrophone Measurements (Klaus Brendel and Gerhard Ludwig), B. Radiation Force and Force Balances (Klaus Beissner), C. Optical Measuring Techniques (Rainer Reibold and Walter Molkenstruck), D. Thermal Techniques (Klaus Beissner). The NIST Power Reference Source (Steven E. Fick). Practical Implementations and Technology of Measurement Devices (Peter A. Lewin). Techniques of Hydrophone Calibration (Mark E. Schafer). The Angular Spectrum Method of Transducer Characterization (Mark E. Schafer). Optical Fiber Ultrasonic Sensors (H.L.W. Chan and K.S. Chiang). Exposure Values for Medical Devices (F.A. Duck and K. Martin). Intensity and Power Needed in Diagnostic Ultrasound (Paul L. Carson). Estimation of the Potential for Bioeffects (Kai E. Thomenius). Measurement Uncertainty in Ultrasonic Exposimetry (Marvin C. Ziskin).