Biogeography in a Changing World

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Hardback: 9780849380389
pub: 2006-11-01
US Dollars$99.95

About the Book

Hampered by a confusing plethora of approaches and methods, biogeography is often treated as an adjunct to other areas of study. The first book to fully define this rapidly emerging subdiscipline, Biogeography in a Changing World elucidates the principles of biogeography and paves the way for its evolution into a stand-alone field.

Drawing on contributions from leading proponents of differing methods within biogeography, the book clearly defines the differing, sometimes conflicting, perspectives in the field and their correspondingly different methodological approaches. This gives readers the opportunity to refocus on a range of issues including the role of biological processes such as vicariance, dispersal and extinction in biogeographical explanation, the possibility of biogeographical pattern, and the role of geological reconstructions in biogeographic explanation. The book also explores the discipline’s current relationship with other disciplines and discusses potential developments.


”Overall, this is a well-written book, with extensively researched contributions.”

Choice,Vol.45, No. 1, September 2007

"These contributors provide broad, balanced, analytical views of biogeography that encompass historical and ecological perspectives, dispersal and vicariance, pattern and process."

– In Systematic Biology, 2007, Vol. 56, No. 5

Table of Contents

Ernst Haeckel and Louis Agassiz: Trees That Bite and Their Geographical Dimension, D.M. Williams


People That Bite: Plagiarism and the Threefold Parallelism

The Threefold Parallelism: Its Beginning (Tiedemann, 1808)?

Ernst Haeckel and Darwinism

Trees That Bite: Haeckel’s Genealogical Oaks and Stick ‘Trees’

Heinrich Georg Bronn: Trunks and Twigs

Schleicher, Linguistics and Trees

Haeckel and Palaeontological Truth

Haeckel’s ‘Hypotheische Skizze des monophyletischen Ursprungs und der Verbreitung der 12 Menschen-Species von Lemurien aus über die Erde’ and the Concept of Chorology

The Development of Chorology


Realms, Regions and Provinces

Agassiz’ (1854) Geographical Realms: The Natural Provinces of Mankind

Regions, Homology and Relationships

Sclater, Huxley and the Classification of Regions

Croizat’s Radical Realms: Ocean Basin and Cladograms

Summary: The Threefold Parallelism: … and Its End (Nelson, 1978A?)



Common Cause and Historical Biogeography, L.R. Parenti


Cladistic vs. Phylogenetic Biogeography

Methods of Historical Biogeography

Geology and Dispersal

Molecules and Time

Global Biogeographic Patterns vs. Biogeographic Realms or Regions




A Brief Look at Pacific Biogeography: The Trans-Oceanic Travels of Microseris (Angiosperms: Asteraceae), J.R. Grehan


Molecular Mythology

Geology First?

A Primer in Biogeography

Logic of Dispersal

Dispersal through Migration

Microseris (Panbio)geography

Dispersal through Form-Making

Past, Present, Future



Biotic Element Analysis and Vicariance Biogeography, B. Hausdorf and C. Hennig


The Vicariance Model

Tests of the Vicariance Model

Determination of Biotic Elements

Case Studies

Other Biogeographical Tests of the Vicariance Model



Evolution of Specific and Genetic Diversity during Ontogeny of Island Floras: The Importance of Understanding Process for Interpreting Island Biogeographic Patterns, T.F. Stuessy


General Aspects of Oceanic Island Ontogeny

A Hypothesis for the Ontogeny of Oceanic Island Floras

Implications of the Hypothesis



Event-Based Biogeography: Integrating Patterns, Processes and Time, I. Sanmartin


Parsimony-Based Tree Fitting

An Empirical Example: Nothofagus Biogeography

Area Biogeography: Southern Hemisphere Biogeographic Patterns

Dispersal-Vicariance Analysis

An Empirical Example: Holarctic Biogeography



Phylogeography in Historical Biogeography: Investigating the Biogeographic Histories of Populations, Species, and Young Biotas, B.R. Riddle and D.J. Hafner


Phylogeography vs. Historical Biogeography

From Single-Taxon to Comparative Phylogeography

Towards an Integration of Phylogeography and Historical Biogeography

Future Directions



Are Plate Tectonic Explanations for Trans-Pacific Disjunctions Plausible? Empirical Tests of Radical Dispersalist Theories, D. McCarthy

Introduction / The du Toit Denouement

Should Ocean-Crossing Taxa Be Wide-Ranging?

Furtive Fossils

Dispersal Counts, Biotic Similarity and the Distance Effect

Brief Responses

Geological Concerns



References Index

About the Series

Systematics Association Special Volumes

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
NATURE / Animals / General
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Botany
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Evolution