Research Methodology

From Philosophy of Science to Research Design

By Alexander M. Novikov, Dmitry A. Novikov

© 2013 – CRC Press

130 pages

Purchasing Options:
Hardback: 9781138000308
pub: 2013-04-24
US Dollars$83.95

About the Book

Research Methodology: From Philosophy of Science to Research Design distinguishes itself from many other works devoted to research methodology and the philosophy of science in its integrated approach towards scientific research, which is regarded as the scientific project on all levels–from philosophy of science to research design. This work studies the basics of the methodology of scientific research and the organization of scientific activity from the viewpoint of systems science and system analysis.

The book discusses the basics of the methodology including philosophical, psychological, epistemological and ethical/aesthetical foundations, the characteristics of scientific activity, including principles of scientific cognition, the means and methods of scientific research, the organization of a research implementation process and its chronological structure and finally, the organization of a collective scientific research design.

The work should be of interest to researchers, students and professionals in the fields of systems science, cybernetics, systems engineering, philosophy of science and project management, as well as to specialists of applied activity in the fields of operations research, programming, mathematical modeling of decision-making in organizations and economics.

Table of Contents


1 Foundations of research methodology

1.1 Philosophical, psychological and systematic foundations

1.2 Epistemological foundations

1.3 Ethical and aesthetical foundations

2 Characteristics of scientific research activity

2.1 Features of research activity

2.2 Principles of scientific cognition

3 Means and methods of scientific research

3.1 Means of scientific research

3.2 Methods of scientific research

4 Organization of scientific research

4.1 Design of scientific research

4.2 Technology of scientific research

4.3 Reflexion in scientific research

5 Organization of collective scientific research


Appendix. The role of science in modern society


Name index

Subject index

About the Authors

Alexander M. Novikov was born in 1941. Honored Scientist of the Russian Federation, Dr. Sci. (Pedagogics), Prof., academic of the Russian Academy of Education, foreign member of the Ukrainian Academy of Pedagogical Sciences, member of the Union of Journalists, laureate of the National Prize of the Russian Federation. At present, he is head of the Research Center of the theory of continuous education of the Russian Academy of Education. He has authored over 300 scientific publications on: methodology and the theory of pedagogics, the theory and methods of labour education and professional education, psychology and physiology of labour. Scientific adviser of 10 Doctors of Science and 32 Candidates of Science.

Dmitry A. Novikov was born in 1970. Dr. Sci. (Tech.), Prof., corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences. At present, he is Deputy Director of the Trapeznikov Institute of Control Sciences of the Russian Academy of Sciences, and Head of the Control Sciences Department of the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT). He has authored of over 400 scientific publications on the theory of control in interdisciplinary systems, including research works on: methodology, system analysis, game theory, decision-making and control mechanisms in social and economic systems. Scientific adviser of 6 Doctors of Science and 24 Candidates of Science.

About the Series

Communications in Cybernetics, Systems Science and Engineering

Communications in Cybernetics, Systems Science and Engineering is a cross-disciplinary book series devoted to theoretical and applied research contributions to cybernetics, systems science and engineering. The series aims to publish the highest quality monographs and edited volumes on the most recent advances and innovative applications in the relevant areas of investigation, catering to a rapidly growing worldwide interest in a cybernetic and systemic methodology with an ever-increasing capacity to deal with new challenges in a way that traditional science cannot. The CCSSE series aims to become a comprehensive theoretical, practical, international, multi- and interdisciplinary database of, reference work on and guide to issues in these fields of research and the strategies required for better implementation in the context of environmental protection and sustainable social and economic development. Communications in Cybernetics, Systems Science and Engineering aims at all working in the theoretical and applied fields of cybernetics, systems science and engineering, e.g. academics, researchers and consultants in cybernetics and systems, computer and information scientists, development and systems engineers, mathematicians, librarians, management cyberneticists and systemists, medical scientists, educators, and intelligent and manufacturing engineers in industry. It will also be of interest to leading decision- and policy-makers.

Michael C. Jackson, University of Hull, UK
Jerzy Jozefczyk, Wroclaw University of Technology, Poland
Doncho Petkov, Eastern Connecticut State University, USA
Vladimir Tsurkov, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia
Shouyang Wang, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.R. China

The principal areas covered by the Communications in Systems Science and Engineering series include, but are not limited to:
1) All fields of systems research, cybernetics and the interdisciplinary study of cybernetics and systems in the widest sense, such as: Artificial intelligence • Automation and robotics • Biocybernetics • Complex and fuzzy systems • Computer simulation • Cross-disciplinary problem-solving • Cybernetics/systems analysis modeling and simulation • Ecosystems • Information theories • Interrelations  between cybernetics/systems and other sciences • Management cybernetics and systems (including soft systems methodology, Ackoff’s interactive planning, Churchman’s theory of inquiring systems, and other approaches) • Natural language • Philosophy of cybernetics and systems • Theoretical and experimental knowledge of various categories of systems, such as adaptive, anticipatory, autopoietic, cellular, chaotic, dynamic, economic and social, hierarchical, immune-like, intelligent, knowledge-based, learning, neural, quantum, self-organizational, self-producing and self-referential;

2) All areas of systems engineering and the spectrum of engineering activity, decision-making, management of products and services, and processes of all types. Focused on comprehensive approaches to practical applications and developments of "hard" and "soft" systems and cybernetic methodologies, including, but not limited to: Cognitive ergonomics • Conceptual architecture • Configuration management during system development • Decision-making • Environmental policy • Human-machine interaction • Identification of user requirements and technological specifications • Integration of new systems with legacy systems • Integrated product and process development • Issue formulation analysis and modeling • Modeling of uncertainty, maintenance over an extended lifecycle and re-engineering of systems • Multicriteria decision-making • Numerical simulation and qualitative modeling of complex systems • Risk assessment and safety • Sustainable development • System identification, operational test and evaluation • Systems analysis, engineering processes and methods such as optimization, modeling and simulation • Trade-off of design concepts.

C.L. Philip Chen, University of Macau, P.R. China
Zengru Di, Beijing Normal University, P.R. China
Raul Espejo, Syncho Ltd. and World Organization of Systems and Cybernetics, UK
Keith W. Hipel, University of Waterloo, Canada
Baoding Liu, Tsinghua University, China
Nagendra Nagarur, State University of New York at Binghamton, USA
John Pourdehnad, University of Pennsylvania, USA
Brian Howard Rudall, Institute of the World Organisation of Systems and Cybernetics and Bangor University, UK
Rudolf Scheidl, Johannes Kepler University of Linz, Austria
Markus Schwaninger, Institute of Management, University of St. Gallen, Switzerland

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / Operations Research
SCIENCE / Research & Methodology
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Engineering (General)