Human Factors Methods and Sports Science

A Practical Guide

By Paul Salmon, Neville Anthony Stanton, Adam Gibbon, Daniel Jenkins, Guy H. Walker

© 2010 – CRC Press

378 pages | 70 B/W Illus.

Purchasing Options:
Hardback: 9781420072167
pub: 2009-12-09
US Dollars$109.95

e–Inspection Copy

About the Book

During the course of any sporting event, critical cognitive and physical tasks are performed within a dynamic, complex, collaborative system comprising multiple humans and artifacts, under pressurized, complex, and rapidly changing conditions. Highly skilled, well-trained individuals walk a fine line between task success and failure, with only slightly inadequate task execution leading to the latter. Promoting cross-disciplinary interaction between the human factors and sports science disciplines, Human Factors Methods and Sports Science: A Practical Guide provides practical guidance on a range of methods for describing, representing, and evaluating human, team, and system performance in sports domains.

Traditionally, the application of human factors and ergonomics methods in sports has focused on the biomechanical, physiological, environmental, and equipment-related aspects of sports performance. However, various human factors methods, applied historically in the complex safety critical domains, are suited to describing and understanding sports performance. This book delineates the similarities in the concepts requiring investigation within sports and the more typical human factors domains. The book’s focus on cognitive and social human factors methods rather than mainly on the application of physiological ergonomics approaches sets it apart from other books in either field. It covers eight categories of human factor methods: data collection, task analysis, cognitive task analysis, human error identification, situation awareness measurement, workload measurement, team performance assessment, and interface evaluation methods.

Constructed so that each chapter can be read non-linearly and independently from one another, the book provides an introduction and overview to each Human Factors topic area, and of each method discussed, along with practical guidance on how to apply them. It also includes detailed descriptions of the different methods, example applications, and theoretical rationale. This allows the concepts to be easily found and digested, and the appropriate method to be easily selected and applied.

Table of Contents



Human Factors Methods

Application in Sport

Structure of the Book

Data Collection Methods




Observational Study

Task Analysis Methods


Hierarchical Task Analysis

Task Decomposition

Verbal Protocol Analysis

Operation Sequence Diagrams

Cognitive Task Analysis


Cognitive Work Analysis

Critical Decision Method

Concept Maps

Applied Cognitive Task Analysis

Human Error Identification and Analysis Methods


Defining Human Error

Error Classifications

Theoretical Perspectives on Human Error

Human Error Methods


Fault Tree Analysis

Systematic Human Error Reduction and Prediction Approach

Human Error Template

Task Analysis for Error Identification

Technique for Human Error Assessment

Situation Awareness Assessment Methods


Situation Awareness Theory

Situation Awareness and Sport

Measuring Situation Awareness

Situation Awareness Requirements Analysis

Situation Awareness Global Assessment Technique

Situation Present Assessment Method

Situation Awareness Rating Technique

Situation Awareness Subjective Workload Dominance

Propositional Networks

Mental Workload Assessment Methods


Mental Workload

Workload and Sport

Mental Workload Assessment

Primary and Secondary Task Performance Measures

Physiological Measures

NASA Task Load Index

Subjective Workload Assessment Technique

The Subjective Workload Dominance Method

Instantaneous Self-Assessment Method

Teamwork Assessment Methods



Teamwork Assessment Methods

Social Network Analysis

Team Task Analysis

Coordination Demands Analysis

Event Analysis of Systemic Teamwork

Interface Evaluation


Interface Evaluation Methods


Heuristic Analysis

Link Analysis

Layout Analysis

Interface Surveys

Human Factors Methods Integration: Case Study


Integrating Human Factors Methods






Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Health & Safety