Principles of Adaptive Optics, Third Edition

By Robert Tyson

© 2010 – CRC Press

314 pages | 101 B/W Illus.

Purchasing Options:
Hardback: 9781439808580
pub: 2010-09-14
US Dollars$99.95

Comp Exam Copy

About the Book

Since the publication of the second edition of Principles of Adaptive Optics, the developments and applications in this area have increased tremendously. Observatories are now producing outstanding science through adaptive optics technology; components, such as micromachined deformable mirrors and very low noise detectors, are revolutionizing the field; and the industrial and medical arenas are harnessing the capabilities of adaptive optics tools in free-space laser communications, laser-induced fusion, and retinal imaging.

Although the complexity of these applications has intensified, the principles essentially remain the same. Principles of Adaptive Optics, Third Edition offers a comprehensive guide to the systems, components, and processes of adaptive optics. It covers the principles used to extract information from beams of light and improve the performance of optical systems by correcting distortions and aberrations.

Condensing the vast array of literature into one accessible source, this edition incorporates recent developments and adds many new references. It discusses how the principles are applied to astronomical imaging systems, retinal imaging, and beam propagation systems. The book logically progresses from determining the sources of aberrations to designing and analyzing systems to describing major subsystems, such as wavefront sensors, correction devices, wavefront reconstruction, and real-time controls.


The third edition continues to set the same standards, but it has been brought right up to date in terms of the available hardware and the growing literature of this rapidly advancing field. … The key areas of the subject are dealt with in comprehensible terms … a standard work for those interested in the field and needing a point of reference. … the book will give [readers] a great deal of help in finding the route through this world of smoke and bendy mirrors.

—R.S. Shorter, Contemporary Physics, 52, 2011

Tyson offers a guide to the systems, components, and processes of adaptive optics, and the principles used to extract information from beams of light and improve the performance of optical systems by correcting distortions and aberrations. He describes the history and background of the field, sources of aberrations, adaptive optics compensation and systems, wavefront sensing and correction, and reconstruction and controls. Revised and updated, this edition incorporates recent developments, new references, and applications of the principles to astronomical imaging systems, retinal imaging, and beam propagation systems.

SciTech Book News, February 2011

When Bob Tyson’s Principles of Adaptive Optics was first published in 1991, it immediately became the reference text for everyone working in the field. The comprehensive coverage of all aspects of the field, clear explanations, and extensive reference to the original literature ensured its success. This completely revised and updated third edition retains the strengths of the original text. Everyone involved in AO should have a copy on the shelf, and like the original, the extensive list of references (more than 900) provides an excellent pointer to the original literature.

—From the Foreword by Christopher Dainty, National University of Ireland, Galway

Table of Contents

History and Background



Physical Optics

Terms in Adaptive Optics

Sources of Aberrations

Atmospheric Turbulence

Thermal Blooming

Nonatmospheric Sources

Adaptive Optics Compensation

Phase Conjugation

Limitations of Phase Conjugation

Artificial Guide Stars

Lasers for Guide Stars

Combining the Limitations

Linear Analysis

Partial Phase Conjugation

Adaptive Optics Systems

Adaptive Optics Imaging Systems

Beam Propagation Systems

Unconventional Adaptive Optics

System Engineering

Wavefront Sensing

Directly Measuring Phase

Direct Wavefront Sensing—Modal

Zonal Direct Wavefront Sensing

Indirect Wavefront Sensing Methods

Wavefront Sampling

Detectors and Noise

Wavefront Correction

Modal-Tilt Correction

Modal Higher-Order Correction

Segmented Mirrors

Deformable Mirrors

Bimorph Corrector Mirrors

Membranes and Micromachined Mirrors

Edge-Actuated Mirrors

Large Correcting Optics

Special Correction Devices

Reconstruction and Controls


Single-Channel Linear Control

Multivariate Adaptive Optics Controls

Direct Wavefront Reconstruction

Beyond Linear Control

Summary of Important Equations

Atmospheric Turbulence Wavefront Expressions

Atmospheric Turbulence Amplitude Expressions

Adaptive Optics Compensation Expressions

Laser Guide Star Expressions



About the Author

Robert K. Tyson is an associate professor of physics and optical science at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte. He holds a Ph.D. in physics from West Virginia University. Active in the field for over thirty years, Dr. Tyson has worked in the aerospace industry designing systems and supporting technology for strategic-defense high-energy laser weapons systems.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Astrophysics & Space Science
SCIENCE / Optics