Crime and Planning

Building Socially Sustainable Communities

By Derek J. Paulsen, Ph.D.

© 2012 – CRC Press

205 pages | 37 B/W Illus.

Purchasing Options:
Hardback: 9781439871669
pub: 2012-11-06
US Dollars$87.95
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About the Book

The form and layout of a built environment has a significant influence on crime by creating opportunities for it and, in turn, shaping community crime patterns. Effective urban planners and designers will consider crime when making planning and design decisions. A co-publication with the American Planning Association, Crime and Planning: Building Socially Sustainable Communities presents a comprehensive discussion of the interconnections between urban planning, criminal victimization, and crime prevention.

An introduction into the main concerns at the intersection of criminology and community planning, the book first provides an overview of crime patterns. It then explores major issues within planning and their impact on crime. Critical topics discussed include connectivity, mixed-use developments, land use and zoning, transit-oriented design, and pedestrian trails, greenways, and parks. The remaining chapters explore:

  • Crime prevention theories
  • Crime prevention as a central component of sustainability
  • How to incorporate social sustainability and planning guidelines into local planning decisions
  • Policy discussion of issues such as zoning
  • How tools such as smart growth and form-based codes relate to crime and crime prevention
  • Examples of how planning decisions can impact crime patterns in both a residential and retail setting, and what has already worked in real-world communities

As communities continue to grapple with foreclosure, sprawl, and infill/redevelopment, a sound understanding of how the built environment impacts crime is of increasing importance. This book provides planners with the tools and knowledge necessary to minimize the impact of crime on communities with the goal of creating socially sustainable communities.

Table of Contents

Introduction

Why a Disconnect?

Crime, Planning, and Sustainability

Structure of This Book

A Brief Overview of Crime and Crime Issues

Major Issues in Crime and Urban Planning

Connectivity

Mixed Land Use

Zoning

Transit-Oriented Developments

Parks, Pedestrian Trails, and Greenways

Redefining Sustainability

Redefining and Refocusing Sustainable Communities

Integrating Crime Prevention into a Socially Sustainable Planning Program

Current Crime Prevention-Planning Programs

Integrating Crime Prevention into the Everyday Planning Process

Cooperation

Efficient and Consistent Process

Participation

Context

Eliminate Opportunities

Balance

Tools for Understanding Context

The Neighborhood Impact Statement Model

NIS Example

Design Guidance

Connectivity

Mixed Land Use

Transit-Oriented Developments

Parks, Pedestrian Trails, and Greenways

Planning Policy and Socially Sustainable Communities

Smart Growth

Form-Based Codes

Suburban Retrofitting

Case Studies

Residential Neighborhood Case Study

Housing

Street Network

Land Use and Zoning

Crime Patterns

Retail District Case Study

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
ARC010000
ARCHITECTURE / Urban & Land Use Planning
LAW026000
LAW / Criminal Law / General
LAW041000
LAW / Forensic Science
POL020000
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Government / State & Provincial