Handbook of Environmental Fluid Dynamics, Volume Two

Systems, Pollution, Modeling, and Measurements

Edited by Harindra Joseph Fernando

© 2013 – CRC Press

587 pages | 30 Color Illus. | 334 B/W Illus.

Purchasing Options:
Hardback: 9781466556010
pub: 2012-12-11
US Dollars$139.95

About the Book

With major implications for applied physics, engineering, and the natural and social sciences, the rapidly growing area of environmental fluid dynamics focuses on the interactions of human activities, environment, and fluid motion. A landmark for the field, the two-volume Handbook of Environmental Fluid Dynamics presents the basic principles, fundamental flow processes, modeling techniques, and measurement methods used in the study of environmental motions. It also offers critical discussions of environmental sustainability related to engineering.

The handbook features 81 chapters written by 135 renowned researchers from around the world. Covering environmental, policy, biological, and chemical aspects, it tackles important cross-disciplinary topics such as sustainability, ecology, pollution, micrometeorology, and limnology.

Volume Two: Systems, Pollution, Modeling, and Measurements explores the interactions between engineered structures and anthropogenic activities that affect natural flows, with particular emphasis on environmental pollution. The book covers the numerical methodologies that underpin research, predictive modeling, and cyber-infrastructure developments. It also addresses practical aspects of laboratory experiments and field observations that validate quantitative predictions and help identify new phenomena and processes.

As communities face existential challenges posed by climate change, rapid urbanization, and scarcity of water and energy, the study of environmental fluid dynamics becomes increasingly relevant. This volume is a valuable resource for students, researchers, and policymakers working to better understand environmental motions and how they affect and are influenced by anthropogenic activities.

See also Handbook of Environmental Fluid Dynamics, Two-Volume Set and Volume One: Overview and Fundamentals.


Praise for the Two-Volume Set

"I strongly recommend the two-volume Handbook of Environmental Fluid Dynamics to all scientists and engineers involved in or just intrigued by the interplay of fluid dynamics with the environment. Guided by the skillful editorship of Joe Fernando, and dedicated to the memory of Owen M. Phillips, a marvelous teacher and one of the top geophysical fluid dynamicists of the past century, every topic of importance in environmental fluid dynamics is superbly addressed by an outstanding selection of authors; I predict the books will be an important resource for years to come."

—Professor James J. Riley, University of Washington

"This handbook is probably the most prestigious and broadest survey in environmental fluid dynamics that has come to light so far. It brings together state-of-the-art knowledge of leading experts in topics ranging from climate change and risk assessment to more fundamental subjects such as turbulence and dispersion within two volumes and 81 chapters. It promises to become one of the most important references in this field."

—Professor Jan-Bert Flór, Laboratoire des Ecoulements Géophysiques et Industriels, CNRS

"Dr. Fernando has assembled an impressive team of contributors from a wide range of fields. The book is as close to a comprehensive view of the field as possible in one handbook."

—Professor John S. Gulliver, University of Minnesota

"This grand two-volume set provides an excellent exposé of the vast interdisciplinary field of environmental fluid dynamics including its societal importance. The work spans time and space scales ranging from small-scale stratified turbulence to large-scale climate and introduces the reader to the many observational, theoretical, and numerical techniques used to study outdoor flows—a great resource."

—Dr. Peter Sullivan, National Center for Atmospheric Research

"I will definitely recommend this handbook to students and stakeholders concerned by environmental problems."

—Professor Philippe Fraunié, Université du Sud Toulon-Var

Table of Contents

Part I Engineered Systems and Anthropogenic Influence

Water Distribution Systems

F.A. Bombardelli

Groundwater–Surface Water Discharges

Christopher Butler and Thomas C. Harmon

Fluid Mechanics of Agricultural Systems

Josef Tanny

Desalination and the Environment

M.J. Davidson and C.J. Oliver

Bubble Plumes

Scott A. Socolofsky and Chris R. Rehmann

Scour around Hydraulic Structures

F. Sotiropoulos, P. Diplas, and A. Khosronejad

Flow through Urban Canopies

Rex E. Britter and Silvana Di Sabatino

Flow through Buildings

Nigel Berkeley Kaye and Morris R. Flynn

Bluff Body Aerodynamics and Aeroelasticity

Ahsan Kareem

Wake–Structure Interactions

C.H.K. Williamson

Urban Heat Islands

M. Roth

Part II Environmental Pollution

Atmospheric Dispersion

J.C. Weil

Flow and Dispersion in Street Canyons

Jong-Jin Baik

Air Flow through Tunnels

Hong-Ming Jang and Falin Chen

Sound Outdoors and Noise Pollution

D.K. Wilson, E.T. Nykaza, M.J. White, M.E. Swearingen, L.L. Pater, and G.A. Luz

Riverine Transport, Mixing, and Dispersion

J. Ezequiel Martin, Meredith L. Carr, and Marcelo H. García

Ocean Outfalls

Philip J.W. Roberts

Modeling Oil Spills to Mitigate Coastal Pollution

Poojitha D. Yapa

Miscible and Immiscible Pollutants in Subsurface Systems

Tissa H. Illangasekare and Christophe C. Frippiat

Part III Numerical Modeling of Environmental Flows

Turbulent Flow Modeling

Sukanta Basu

Direct and Large Eddy Simulation of Environmental Flows

Sutanu Sarkar and Vincenzo Armenio

Multiscale Nesting and High Performance Computing

Alex Mahalov and Mohamed Moustaoui

Multiscale Representations

Marie Farge, Kai Schneider, Olivier Pannekoucke, and Romain Nguyen van yen

Dispersion Modeling

Akula Venkatram

Modeling the Urban Boundary and Canopy Layers

Jason Ching and Fei Chen

Air Pollution Modeling and Its Applications

Daewon W. Byun

(In Memoriam by Kenneth L. Schere)

Mathematical Models to Improve Performance of Surface Irrigation Systems

D. Zerihun and C.A. Sanchez

Cyberinfrastructure and Community Environmental Modeling

J.P.M. Syvitski, Scott D. Peckham, Olaf David, Jonathan L. Goodall, Cecelia Deluca, and Gerhard Theurich

Uncertainty in Environmental NWP Modeling

David R. Stauffer

Part IV Laboratory Modeling of Environmental Flows

Physical Modeling of Hydraulics and Sediment Transport

Olivier Cazaillet, Sultan Alam, and Clinton S. Willson

Laboratory Modeling

Stuart B. Dalziel

General Laboratory Techniques

Thomas Peacock

Hot-Wire Anemometry in Turbulence Research

Eliezer Kit

Optical Methods and Unconventional Experimental Setups in Turbulence Research

Roi Gurka and Eliezer Kit

Part V Environmental Measurements

Hydrophysical Measurements in Natural Waters

Elena Roget

Flow Measurements in the Atmosphere

Ronald J. Calhoun

Atmospheric Flux Measurements

Eric R. Pardyjak, Chad W. Higgins, and Marc B. Parlange

Clear-Air Radar Profiling of Wind and Turbulence in the Lower Atmosphere

Jean-Luc Caccia


About the Editor

Harindra Joseph Shermal Fernando is the Wayne and Diana Murdy Endowed Professor of Engineering and Geosciences at the University of Notre Dame, with the primary affiliation in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences and a concurrent appointment in the Department of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering. He has received numerous awards and honors, including a UNESCO Team Gold Medal (1979), Presidential Young Investigator Award (NSF, 1986), and Rieger Foundation Distinguished Scholar Award in Environmental Sciences (2001). He is a fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, American Physical Society, and American Meteorological Society and was elected to the European Academy in 2009. He serves on the editorial boards of Applied Mechanics Reviews (associate editor), Theoretical and Computational Fluid Dynamics (editor, 1997–), IAHR Journal of Hydro-Environment (associate editor), Physics of Fluids (associate editor) and EGS Journal of Non-Linear Processes in Geophysics (editor). He is also the editor in chief of the Journal of Environmental Fluid Dynamics. Professor Fernando has published more than 225 papers spanning nearly 50 international peer-reviewed journals.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Physics
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General