Measurement of Soft Tissue Elasticity in Vivo

Techniques and Applications

By Yan-Ping Huang, Yong-Ping Zheng

© 2015 – CRC Press

209 pages | 73 B/W Illus.

Purchasing Options:
Hardback: 9781466576285
pub: 2015-12-02
Available for pre-order
US Dollars$129.95

About the Book

The product of 20 years of research, this book covers topics in soft tissue elasticity in vivo, from measurement techniques to clinical applications. It provides, for the first time, a single source that systematically introduces the various techniques for in vivo measurement of soft tissue elasticity in an effort to ease the difficulty between learning technical details and clinical applications of techniques.

Measurement of Soft Tissue Elasticity in Vivo: Techniques and Applications presents an overview of the existing measurement methods, their physical principles, assumptions, advantages, and disadvantages. Clinical applications discussed include assessment of tissue fibrosis after radiotherapy, articular cartilage degeneration, muscle contraction, cancer staging, liver fibrosis progression, diabetic foot ulceration, cornea stiffening, and wound healing. Techniques covered include shear wave propagation methods, vibro-ultrasound methods, dynamic holography, ultrasound and other indentation methods, and OCT-based and other suction measurement methods.

The book also proposes two critical directions for future research in the field. One is to standardize the terms, parameters, and test protocols used in different fields. The second proposal is to standardize one technique to dominate the field, while devices can be adapted to fit the measuring requirements of different tissues. In doing so, the results obtained for the same tissue by different clinicians can be comparable and a standardized protocol can be established.

This book bridges the gap between the complexity of measuring techniques and simplicity and accuracy of their clinical use. Its comprehensiveness and clarity help new engineers in the field develop analytical methods and allow clinicians to use these techniques in their practice with greater confidence.

Table of Contents

History and Recent Development in Soft Tissue Elasticity Measurement

Conventional Methods for Soft Tissue Elasticity Measurement in Vitro


Methods for Measurement of Soft Tissue Elasticity


Indentation Measurement of Soft Tissue Elasticity


Analysis Method for Traditional Indentation

Ending Remarks

Novel Indentation Measurement of Tissue Elasticity in Vivo


Novel Indentation Measurement


Future Development of Indentation

Suction Measurement of Tissue Elasticity in Vivo


Analysis of Suction Test


Indirect Methods for Soft Tissue Elasticity Measurement in Vivo


Resonant Frequency Shift Measurement

Vibro–Acoustic Spectrography and Harmonic Motion Imaging

Dynamic Holography

Shear Wave Propagation Method

Advantages, Problems and Future Perspectives

Elasticity Imaging and Elasticity Measurement


Elasticity Imaging Techniques


Elasticity, Non-Linearity and Viscoelasticity of Soft Tissues


Origins of Non-Linearity and Viscoelasticity

Modelling of Tissue Non-Linearity and Viscoelasticity

Methods to Measure Viscoelasticity in Vivo


Finite Element Methods and Inverse Solutions for Elasticity Measurement


Physics Foundation

Modelling and Simulation

Conclusion and Future Research Directions

Clinical Applications of Soft Tissue Elasticity Measurement


Applications in Understanding Tissue Physiology and Computer Modelling

Applications in Disease Diagnosis and Treatment Monitoring

Applications in Different Tissue Parts

Related Devices in the Market


Conclusions and Future Perspectives

Technical Perspective

Application Perspective

About the Authors

Yong-Ping Zheng is a professor at Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU), China, where he earned his PhD in biomedical engineering. He also served as the associate director of the Research Institute of Innovative Products at PolyU. He has served as the head of PolyU’s Interdisciplinary Division of Biomedical Engineering since its establishment in 2012. His research interests include tissue elasticity measurement and imaging, biomedical ultrasound imaging, and wearable sensors for health care. He has published many papers on ultrasound for soft tissue assessment and is on the editorial boards of several journals. He is a senior member of IEEE, a fellow of the Hong Kong Institution of Engineers, and elected secretary of the World Association of Chinese Biomedical Engineers. He holds seven US patents and 10 Chinese patents, with eight more patents pending, many of which have been licensed to industry for commercialization.

Yan-Ping Huang, PhD, is a teaching fellow at the Interdisciplinary Division of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering at Hong Kong Polytechnic University, China. He earned his PhD in biomedical engineering from Hong Kong Polytechnic University and completed one year of postdoctoral training in the Department of Bioengineering at the University of Washington, Seattle. He has abundant research and collaboration experience in the field of BME related to the measurement of soft tissue elasticity in vivo and has published dozens of papers in the field.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
MEDICAL / Biotechnology
SCIENCE / Physics