More than half of the world's farmers are women. They are the majority of the poor, the uneducated and are the first to suffer from drought and famine. Yet their subordination is reinforced by well-meaning development policies that perpetuate social inequalities. During the 1975-85 United Nations Decade for the Advancement of Women their position actually worsened. This book analyses three decades of policies towards Third World women. Focusing on global economic and political crises - debt, famine, militarization, fundamentalism - the authors show how women's moves to organize effective strategies for basic survival are central to an understanding of the development process.
Preamble * Introduction * 1. Gender and Class in Development Experience - From the Vantage Point of Poor Women * The Colonial Heritage * Resource Inequalities and 'Open' Economic Policies * Basic Needs Strategies * The Development Project Experience * Population Programmes and Reproductive Rights * 2. Systematic Crises, Reproduction Failures, and Women's Potential - The Food-Fuel-Water Crises * The Balance of Payments and Debt Crises * Militarization and Violence * A Crises of Culture * 3. Alternative Visions, Strategies, and Methods - Visions * Strategies * Empowering Ourselves Through Organizations: Types and Methods * Notes * Bibliography