© 2000 – Routledge
These studies examine the physical remains of Frankish settlement in Palestine in the 12th and 13th centuries. In recent years the view that Frankish settlement was largely confined to the fortified urban centres and castles, with few westerners venturing into the open countryside, has come to be challenged in the light of new archaeological evidence and re-examination of the sources. The present studies contribute to an understanding of the nature of Frankish settlement by illustrating aspects of the relationship between fortification and settlement: in particular, the role of castles and towers in promoting settlement and providing both security and domestic accommodation; the relationship between castles, towers and other semi-fortified rural structures; the physical planning of the new towns established by the canons of the Holy Sepulchre; the measures undertaken to defend urban settlements; and the contribution that town walls and castles made to the security of the kingdom.
'…a notable contribution to our understanding of Frankish life… sound methodology and keen eye for context.' Medieval Archaeology
Contents: Introduction; Towns: Town defences in the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem; Crusader Jerusalem; King Richard I and the walls of Ascalon; Rural Settlement: Crusader settlement and the landscape: some reflections on method in the light of recent archaeological work; Two medieval villages north of Jerusalem: archaeological investigations in al-Jib and ar-Ram; Magna Mahumeria (al-Bira): the archaeology of a Frankish new town in Palestine; Burj Bardawil and Frankish settlement north of Ramallah in the 12th century; Castles: Towers in Crusader Palestine; Templar castles on the road to the Jordan; La Fève: a Crusader castle in the Jezreel Valley; Reconstructing the castle of Safad; A 13th-century hall at Montfort Castle in western Galilee; Index.
The first title in the Variorum Collected Studies Series was published in 1970. Since then well over 700 titles have appeared in the series, and it has established a well-earned international reputation for the publication of key research across a whole range of subjects within the fields of history.
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Each title in the Variorum Collected Studies Series brings together for the first time a selection of articles by a leading authority on a particular subject. These studies are reprinted from a vast range of learned journals, festschrifts, conference proceedings, and the like. They make available research that is scattered, even inaccessible in all but the largest and most specialized libraries. With a new introduction and index, and often with new notes and previously unpublished material, they constitute an essential resource. All volumes are printed on acid-free paper.