It is estimated that, in the United States, around 20 percent of all Police-reported road crashes involve driver distraction as a contributing factor. This figure increases if other forms of inattention are considered. Evidence (reviewed in this volume) suggests that the situation is similar in other countries and that driver distraction and inattention are even more dangerous as contributing factors in crashes than drug and alcohol intoxication. Having a solid evidence-base from which to develop injury countermeasures is a cornerstone of road-safety management. This book adds to the accumulating evidence-base on driver distraction and inattention. With 24 chapters by 52 authors from more than 10 countries, it provides important new perspectives on the definition and meaning of driver distraction and inattention, the mechanisms that characterize them, the measurement of their effects, strategies for mitigating their effects, and recommendations for further research. The goal of this book is to inspire further research and countermeasure development to prevent and mitigate the potentially adverse effects of driver distraction and driver inattention, and, in doing so, to save lives.
Foreword. Part I: Introduction. Part II: Distraction and Inattention - Theory, Philosophy, and Definition: Driven to Distraction and Back Again. Attention Selection and Multitasking in Everyday Driving: A Conceptual Model. Driver Distraction and Inattention: A Queuing Theory Approach. The Relationship Between Driver Distraction and Mental Workload. Part III: Visual and Attentional Processes - How is Driving-Related Attention in Driving with Visual Secondary Tasks Controlled? Evidence from Top-Down Attentional Control. Proposing a Risk Monitor Model Based on Emotions and Feelings: Exploring the Boundaries of Perception and Learning. Part IV: Distraction – Crashes and Crash Risk: Driver Distraction and Inattention: Top Crash Causes in the United States of America. Driver Distraction in Commercial Motor Vehicle Operations. Driver Distraction and Inattention and their Role in Crashes in Safety-Critical Events. A Review of Epidemiological Data on the Risks of Using a Telephone while Driving. Drivers’ Perceptions of Risk Linked to Mobile Phone Use While Driving and Implications for the Design of Driver Awareness Campaigns. Part V: Distraction – Measurement: Development and Validation of an Ecological Driver Distraction Evaluation Tool. Oculometric Measures as an Index of Clinical Causes of Driver Drowsiness and Inattention. Part VI: Distraction – Effects on Driving Performance: Driving Whilst Using In-Vehicle Information Systems (IVIS): Benchmarking the Impairment to Alcohol. Part VII: Distraction Countermeasures: Melbourne Drivers’ Observed Use of Mobile Phones: Could there be Unintended Consequences of Partial Bans? The Driver Distraction Algorithm AttenD. Management of Distraction Risk from Mobile Phones in the UK Rail Industry. Part VIII: Conclusions - Distraction and Inattention: Current Themes and Research Directions.