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  • Green Crimes and Dirty Money

    Edited by Toine Spapens, Rob White, Daan Van Uhm, Wim Huisman

    Environmental crimes are primarily driven by financial motives. The combined financial value of illicit trade in protected wildlife, illegal logging and waste trafficking is estimated to come directly after counterfeiting, the narcotic drugs trade and illegal gambling. Logically, the proceeds of…

    Hardback – 2018-06-08 
    Routledge
    Green Criminology

  • Environmental Crime and its Victims

    Perspectives within Green Criminology

    Edited by Toine Spapens, Rob White, Marieke Kluin

    Environmental crime is one of the most profitable and fastest growing areas of international criminal activity. These types of crime, however, do not always produce an immediate consequence, and the harm may be diffused. As such, the complexity of victimization - in terms of time, space, impact,…

    Paperback – 2017-01-09
    Routledge
    Green Criminology

  • Environmental Crime in Transnational Context

    Global Issues in Green Enforcement and Criminology

    Edited by Toine Spapens, Rob White, Wim Huisman

    Environmental crime is one of the most profitable and fastest growing areas of international criminal activity. The increasing cross-border scope of environmental crimes and harms is one of the reasons why governments and the enforcement community have trouble in finding the proper responses. Law…

    Hardback – 2016-06-23
    Routledge
    Green Criminology

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