Governing cabinets are composed of ministers who come and go even as governments march on. They work for the chief executive, the prime minister or the president, for their parties and for the constituent groups from which they come. They are chosen for their role and dismissed from it for all sorts of reasons that vary across time and country.
This book examines the process of selection, shuffling and removal of ministers in national cabinets around the world. Drawing on original data over several decades, it offers a series of case studies of countries from around the world with differing institutional and cultural structures including presidential and semi-presidential systems, and parliamentary, unitary and federal systems, some of which have experienced periods under authoritarian regimes. Featuring 14 case studies on North and South America, Asia, Africa, Australia and New Zealand, this book complements the earlier volume The Selection of Ministers in Europe (Routledge, 2009).
This volume will be an important reference for students and scholars of political science, government, executives, comparative politics and political parties.
List of figures List of tables Notes on contributors Acknowledgements 1. Introduction Keith Dowding and Patrick Dumont 2. New Zealand:Stability, Change or Transition? Achieving and Retaining Ministerial Office Jennifer Curtin 3. Australia: Ministerial Characteristics in the Australian Federal Governmen Keith Dowding and Chris Lewis 4. Japan: Ministerial Selection and De-selection Mikitaka Masuyma and Benjamin Nyblade 5. South Korea: Selection and De-selections of Ministers in a Presidential System Won-Taek Kang 6. India: The Selection and De-selection of Cabinet Ministers Csaba Nikolenyi 7. Pakistan: Ministerial Turnover in the Federal Cabinet Mariam Mufti 8. Russia: Cabinet Formation and Careers in a Super-presidential System Elena Semenova 9. Turkey: Cabinet Dynamics and Ministerial Careers, 1950–2011 Hande Mutlu-Eren 10. Israel: The Choosing of the Chosen Ofer Kenig and Shlomit Barnea 11. Nigeria: Cabinet Dynamics amid Structural Changes in a Post-colonial State Henry A. Kifordu 12. Argentina: The Ministers of the President 1983–2013 Marcelo Camerlo 13. Chile: Ministerial Selection and De-selection Peter M. Siavelis and Humberto Baruch Galván 14. Canada: Ministerial Careers Matthew Kerby 15. United States of America: The Cabinet Alejandro Quiroz Flores Index
All political systems are governed by ruling elites – presidents, prime ministers, ministers, civil servants, judges, mayors and councillors all play important roles in running our lives, while beyond the state people are picked to run international organizations. Social elites, such as global business or media tycoons, religious or ethnic leaders, play a major role influencing public policy. The books in this series examine all such political and social elites within local, national and international arenas. We are interested in theoretical and empirical analyses of elites. Whilst elites have been studied in the past, modern computing and electronic data-collection facilities mean that for the first time comprehensive information on the personal characteristics of elites, including factors such as birthplace, age, and social and educational background, can relatively easily be gathered. We can explore the ways in which people enter the elite, the networks they form and the policies they effect. Modern techniques open up exciting opportunities to examine our governors, their actions and interactions in more detail than ever before.