The boundaries between secessionism and separatism are often blurred, and in many cases study of secessionism encompasses that of separatism and vice versa. Recognising this inherent relationship, this book provides a comparative survey of recent attempts at secession and separatist movements from across Europe and Asia, and assesses the responses of the respective host governments. The essays address two main questions which arise from the relationship between state governments and secessionist movements: first, how secessionist or separatist movements gather support and mobilize their target populations and second, how central political authorities respond to the challenges that secessionist or separatist movements pose to their capacity to control the country. With political analysis of recent cases ranging from the Balkans, the USSR, the UK and the Basque Country, to Sri Lanka, Burma, China, Tibet and Taiwan, the authors identify both similarities and differences in the processes and outcomes of secessionist and separatist movements across the two distinct regions.
This volume will be an invaluable resource for those who wish to understand the dynamics of secessionist movements and as such will appeal to students and scholars of Asian and European politics, comparative politics, international relations and conflict studies. It will also be helpful to practitioners and policy-makers who wish to understand and contribute to the resolution of such conflicts.
Secessions in Europe and Asia in a Comparative Perspective: An Introduction, Aleksandar Pavković and Jean-Pierre Cabestan 1. Sovereignty, National Self-Determination and Secession: Reflections on state-making and breaking in Asia and Europe, James Mayall Part I Europe 2. Paradise Lost: Autonomy and Separatism in the South Caucasus and Beyond, John Cuffe and David S. Siroky 3. Patterns of Secession and Disintegration in the USSR, Richard Sakwa 4. From Yugoslavia to the Western Balkans, Radmila Nakarada 5. Host State Responses to Ethnic Rebellion: Serbia and Macedonia in Comparison, Keiichi Kubo 6. Seceding by the Force of Arms: Chechnya and Kosovo, Aleksandar Pavković 7. Secession and Liberal Democracy: The Case of the Basque Country, Ferran Requejo and Marc Sanjaume 8. Nationalism, Unionism and Secession in Scotland, Michael Keating Part II Asia 9. Secessionism in independent India: failed attempts, irredentism and accommodation, Jean-Luc Racine 10. Separatism in Sri Lanka, David Feith 11. Separatism, Ethnocracy, and the Future of Ethnic Politics in Burma (Myanmar), Renaud Egreteau 12. Language Practices and Protracted Conflict: The Tibet-China Dispute, Robert Barnett 13. Separatism in China: The Case of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region Dru C. Gladney 14. The Case of Taiwan: Independence without Secession?, Jean Pierre Cabestan