What remains of a great sporting spectacle after the last race is run or the final match is played? How can the vast expense of mounting such events be justified? What if there is nothing left behind or what if the legacy is negative, a costly infrastructure which is unused or a debt-ridden host city? The Routledge Handbook of Sport and Legacy addresses perhaps the most important issue in the hosting of major contemporary sporting events: the problem of ‘legacy’. It offers a rigorous, innovative and comparative insight into this contested concept from interdisciplinary and practical perspectives.
Major events must now have a conscious, credible and defined policy for legacy to meet public expectations. The book provides a comprehensive survey of the various kinds of legacy that can be delivered, as well as a close examination of the potential benefits and practical challenges involved in each. From ‘hard’ legacies, such as stadia and infrastructure, to ‘soft’ legacies including skill development, attitude change and capacity building, the book offers both a historical case study and an innovative strategic management approach, and establishes the limits of what can realistically be achieved in terms of economic, social, cultural, physical and sporting development.
The Routledge Handbook of Sport and Legacy includes contributions from world leading scholars and practitioners and features detailed case studies of major sports events from around the world, including the FIFA World Cup and ten Olympics Games from London in 1908 to London 2012. It is invaluable reading for students and researchers working in sport studies, events management, human geography, economics or planning, and an essential reference for any professional engaged in delivering legacy through sport.
Foreword: Legacy, the FIFA Perspective (Jérôme Valcke) Introduction: Sport, Legacy and Leadership (Richard Holt and Dino Ruta) Reflections on legacy: Olympic cities and London 2012 (Denis Oswald) Part 1: Planning and Governance of Legacy 1. A Strategic and Pluralistic approcach to legacy: the case of the Giro d’Italia (Dino Ruta) 2. Economic legacy to cities of hosting mega sports events: a case study of Beijing 2008 (Chris Gratton, Holger Preuss and Dongfeng Liu) 3. The 1908 Olympic Games: a case study in accidental and incidental legacies (Martin Polley) 4. A stakeholder analysis of the governance of the 2010 FIFA World Cup – a case study of the city of Cape Town (Kamilla Swart, Urmilla Bob and Dean Allen) 5. Vancouver 2010 Olympic Winter Games: Modes of Legacy Network Governance (Becca Leopkey and Milena Parent) Part 2: Urbanisation and Legacy 6. Sydney Olympic Park 2000 to 2010: A Case Study of Legacy Implementation over the Longer Term (Richard Cashman) 7. Croke Park as a historic venue: combining national legacy with multiple use (Mike Cronin) 8. The Legacy of Memory: The Stockholm and Helsinki Olympic stadia as living memorials (Alan Bairner) 9. The legacy of the 2004 Olympics for the Athens transport system (Eva Kassens-Noor) 10. Framing the future: sustainability, legacy and the 2012 London Games (John and Margaret Gold) Part 3: Social and Cultural Legacies 11. Paralympic Legacy: What Legacy? (Keith Gilbert and Otto J. Schantz) 12. A Lost Legacy of Fraternity? The case of European youth football (Kevin Tallec Marston) 13. Cultural Olympiad or an Olympics for cultural regeneration? ‘Torino 2006’ and its legacy (Chito Guala) 14. Major sporting events and long-lasting tourism impacts: 2006 FIFA World Cup in Germany (Holger Preuss and Harry Arne Solberg)15. A socially responsible business legacy: Raising standards in procurement, supply chains and employment at the London Olympics of 2012 (Jill Timms) Part 4: Human Capital and Legacy 16. City Capacity Building: Preparing to Exploit the Legacy of a Large-Scale Sports Event. The Case of Valencia and the 2007 America’s Cup (Dino Ruta and Beatrice Manzoni) 17. Transferring knowledge, know-how and capability: Managing and sharing knowledge for future events (Sue Halbwirth and Kristine Toohey) 18. From the first soccer Women's World Championship in 1991 to the Beijing Olympic Games in 2008: How capacity-building in small scale tournaments can help win Mega-event bids (Jean Williams) 19. Learning Disability Sport, Volunteers and Legacy: The Case of Special Olympics Great Britain National Games 2009 (John Williams and Neil Carter) 20. The Impact of the Olympics on the High Performance Legacy of a Host Country (Matthew Robinson) Part 5: The Politics and Image of Legacy 21. The political and diplomatic legacy of the Montréal Olympics (Danielle Griffin) 22. Media, Sport and Memory: the Mediated Legacies of Great Sporting Events (Tim O’Sullivan and Dilwyn Porter) 23. ‘Global visibility and prestige’: the anticipated legacies of mega sporting events in the Gulf States (David Hassan and Maurice Field) 24. Modern temples of marble and concrete: the legacy of the unsuccessful Olympic ambition of fascist Rome (Daphne Bolz) 25. The mixed legacy of Munich: The material, cultural and political consequences of the 1972 Olympic Games (Kay Schiller and Christopher Young)