Borders exist in almost every sphere of life. Initially, borders were established in connection with kingdoms, regions, towns, villages and cities. With nation-building, they became important as a line separating two national states with different “national characteristics,” narratives and myths. The term “border” has a negative connotation for being a separating line, a warning signal not to cross a line between the allowed and the forbidden. The awareness of both mental and factual borders in manifold spheres of our life has made them a topic of consideration in almost all scholarly disciplines – history, geography, political science and many others. This book primarily incorporates an interdisciplinary and comparative approach. Historians, sociologists, anthropologists and political science scholars from a diverse range of European universities analyze historical as well as contemporary perceptions and perspectives concerning border regions – inside the EU, between EU and non-EU European countries, and between European and non-European countries.
Introduction Katarzyna Stokłosa and Gerhard Besier Part I: Territorial Disputes and Questions of Identity 1. The Spanish-Portuguese Frontier (1297–1926): Identity MidwayBetween Dialogue and Settlement of Accounts Miguel A. Melón Jiménez 2. The Boundaries Between France and Spain in the Catalan Pyrenees: Elements for the Construction and Invention of Borders Oscar Jané 3. Dividing Regions? Plebiscites and Their Propaganda—Schleswig and Carinthia 1920 Nina Jebsen 4. Schleswig: A Border Region Caught Between Nation States Steen Bo Frandsen 5. The Spanish-Moroccan Relationship: Combining Bonne Entente with Territorial Disputes Jaume Castan Pinos 6. From a Look Backwards to a Look Forwards: The Way to the Border Agreement Between Latvia and Russia Laura Asarite 7. The Building and Erosion of the "Post-Conflict" Irish Borderscape Cathal Mccall Part II: Cross-Border Co-Operation 8. Re-Signification of the Past in the Northern Portugal/Galicia Border: Amenity, Heritage, and Emblem Paula Godinho 9. Towards Cross-Border Network Governance? The Social and Solidarity Economy and the Construction of a Cross-Border Territory in the Basque Country Xabier Itçaina and Jean-Jacques Manterola 10. Border-Region Tyrol in Historical Perspective: Bridging the Wrong Border? Andrea Varriale 11. The Bulgarian-Greek Border Region: Cross-Border Cooperation Under the Shadow of Minority Issues Nuri Ali Tahir Part III: Perceptions of Borders and Border Regimes 12. The Sociocultural Landscape of the Soviet-Finnish Borderland of the 1930s as Seen Through Autobiographic Childhood Stories Olga Ilyukha 13. (Im)Permeability of the Border in Late Socialism: The Small Traffic Phenomenon on the Romanian-Yugoslavian Border Corneliu Pintilescu and Lavinia Snejana Stan 14. The Border in the Narratives of the Inhabitants of the German-Polish Border Region Katarzyna Stokłosa 15. The Europeanization of the German-Polish Borderlands Elżbieta Opiłowska 16. Between Borders And Boundaries: Romanian-Hungarian Identity Politics During the 20th Century Monica Andriescu Part IV: Prejudices, Stereotypes and Nationalism 17. Boundaries Between Ourselves and Others: The Role of Prejudice and Stereotypes in General with Specific Reference to Border Regions Gerhard Besier 18. South Tyrol After 1945: An Example of Co-Existence of Different National Groups, or Rather a Cage for Imagined Communities to Lie Frozen? Davide Mauro Artico and Brunello Mantelli 19. Remembrance and Oblivion in the Danish–German Border Region Inge Adriansen