Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

Series Editor: Ian Richard Netton

This series studies the Middle East through the twin foci of its diverse cultures and civilizations. Comprising original monographs as well as scholarly surveys, it covers topics in the fields of Middle Eastern literature, archaeology, law, history, philosophy, science, folklore, art, architecture and language. While there is a plurality of views, the series presents serious scholarship in a lucid and stimulating fashion.

  • Literature and the Islamic Court

    Cultural life under al-Sahib Ibn Abbad

    By Erez Naaman

    Courts were the most important frameworks for the production, performance, and evaluation of literature in medieval Islamic civilization. Courts could offer an artist financial support from interested patrons, as well as artistic prestige, and the most successful courts attracted literary people…

    Hardback – 2016-02-01 
    Routledge
    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • Eastern Rome and the Rise of Islam

    History and Prophecy

    By Olof Heilo

    The emergence of Islam in the seventh century AD still polarises scholars who seek to separate religious truth from the historical reality with which it is associated. However, history and prophecy are not solely defined by positive evidence or apocalyptic truth, but by human subjects, who consider…

    Hardback – 2016-01-19 
    Routledge
    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • Science and Religion in Mamluk Egypt

    Ibn al-Nafis, Pulmonary Transit and Bodily Resurrection

    By Nahyan Fancy

    The discovery of the pulmonary transit of blood was a ground-breaking discovery in the history of the life sciences, and a prerequisite for William Harvey’s fully developed theory of blood circulation three centuries later. This book is the first attempt at understanding Ibn al-Nafis’s anatomical…

    Paperback – 2015-07-23
    Routledge
    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • The Poetics of Ancient and Classical Arabic Literature

    Orientology

    By Esad Durakovic

    Through analysing ancient and classical Arabic literature, including the Qur'an, from within the Arabic literary tradition, this book provides an original interpretation of poetics, and of other important aspects of Arab culture. Ancient Arabic literature is a realm of poetry; prose literary…

    Hardback – 2015-04-29
    Routledge
    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • An Arab Ambassador in the Mediterranean World

    The Travels of Muhammad ibn ‘Uthman al-Miknasi, 1779-1788

    By Nabil Matar

    This book provides translated selections from the writings of Muhammad Ibn Othman al-Miknasi (d. 1799). The only writings by an Arab-Muslim in the pre-modern period that present a comparative perspective, his travelogues provide unique insight with in to Christendom and Islam. Translating excerpts…

    Hardback – 2015-04-16
    Routledge
    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • Moral Rationalism and Shari'a

    Independent rationality in modern Shi'i usul al-Fiqh

    By Ali-Reza Bhojani

    Moral Rationalism and Shari'a is the first attempt at outlining the scope for a theological reading of Shari'a, based on a critical examination of why 'Adliyya theological ethics have not significantly impacted Shi'i readings of Shari'a. Within Shi'i works of Shari 'a legal theory (usul al-fiqh)…

    Hardback – 2015-03-27
    Routledge
    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • The City in the Muslim World

    Depictions by Western Travel Writers

    Edited by Mohammad Gharipour, Nilay Ozlu

    Presenting a critical, yet innovative, perspective on the cultural interactions between the "East" and the "West", this book questions the role of travel in the production of knowledge and in the construction of the idea of the "Islamic city". This volume brings together authors from various…

    Hardback – 2015-03-12
    Routledge
    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • Ethics in Islam

    Friendship in the Political Thought of Al-Tawhidi and his Contemporaries

    By Nuha Al-Shaar

    Offering a new reading of Islamic ethical and political thought in the Buyid period (334-440/946-1048), this book focuses particularly on the philosopher Abu Hayyan al-Tawhidi who lived in Baghdad and what is now western Iran. Ethics in Islam provides the first major treatment of al-Tawhidi's…

    Hardback – 2014-12-15
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    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • Legal Authority in Premodern Islam

    Yahya B Sharaf Al-Nawawi in the Shafi'i School of Law

    By Fachrizal A. Halim

    Offering a detailed analysis of the structure of authority in Islamic law, this book focuses on the figure of Yahya b. Sharaf al-Nawawi, who is regarded as the chief contributor to the legal tradition known as the Shafi'i madhhab in traditional Muslim sources, named after Muhammad b. Idris…

    Hardback – 2014-12-04
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    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • Classical Mathematics from Al-Khwarizmi to Descartes

    By Roshdi Rashed

    This book follows the development of classical mathematics and the relation between work done in the Arab and Islamic worlds and that undertaken by the likes of Descartes and Fermat. ‘Early modern,’ mathematics is a term widely used to refer to the mathematics which developed in the West during the…

    Hardback – 2014-08-11
    Routledge
    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • Ibn al-Haytham, New Astronomy and Spherical Geometry

    A History of Arabic Sciences and Mathematics Volume 4

    By Roshdi Rashed

    This volume provides a unique primary source on the history and philosophy of mathematics and science from the mediaeval Arab world. The fourth volume of A History of Arabic Sciences and Mathematics is complemented by three preceding volumes which focused on infinitesimal determinations and other…

    Hardback – 2014-05-30
    Routledge
    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • Islamic Reform and Arab Nationalism

    Expanding the Crescent from the Mediterranean to the Indian Ocean (1880s-1930s)

    By Amal N. Ghazal

    Bridging African and Arab histories, this book examines the relationship between Islam, nationalism and the evolution of identity politics from late 19th Century to World War II. It provides a cross-national, cross-regional analysis of religious reform, nationalism, anti-colonialism from Zanzibar…

    Paperback – 2014-03-28
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    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • Inspired Knowledge in Islamic Thought

    Al-Ghazali's Theory of Mystical Cognition and Its Avicennian Foundation

    By Alexander Treiger

    It has been customary to see the Muslim theologian Abu Hamid al-Ghazali (d. 1111) as a vehement critic of philosophy, who rejected it in favour of Islamic mysticism (Sufism), a view which has come under increased scrutiny in recent years. This book argues that al-Ghazali was, instead, one of the…

    Paperback – 2014-03-21
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    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • Muslim Fortresses in the Levant

    Between Crusaders and Mongols

    By Kate Raphael

    During much of the twelfth century the Crusaders dominated the military scene in the Levant. The unification of Egypt and Syria by Saladin gradually changed the balance of power, which slowly begun to tilt in favour of the Muslims. This book examines the development and role of Muslim fortresses in…

    Paperback – 2014-03-10
    Routledge
    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • The UAE and Foreign Policy

    Foreign Aid, Identities and Interests

    By Khalid S. Almezaini

    This book offers a concise and detailed analysis of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) foreign aid as a main instrument in its foreign policy. Exploring the cultural factors that have impacted on the foreign policy behaviour of the UAE and its foreign aid, the author argues that Arabism and Islamic…

    Paperback – 2014-03-10
    Routledge
    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • Being Human in Islam

    The Impact of the Evolutionary Worldview

    By Damian Howard

    Islamic anthropology is relatively seldom treated as a particular concern even though much of the contemporary debate on the modernisation of Islam, its acceptance of human rights and democracy, makes implicit assumptions about the way Muslims conceive of the human being. This book explores how the…

    Paperback – 2014-03-10
    Routledge
    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • A History of Early Al-Andalus

    The Akhbar Majmu'a

    By David James

    The Akhbar majmu‘a, or 'Collected Accounts', deal with the Muslim conquest of the Iberian peninsula in 711 and subsequent events in al-Andalus, down to and including the reign of ‘Abd al-Rahman III (912-961), founder of the Umayyad caliphate of al-Andalus . No Arabic text dealing with the early…

    Paperback – 2014-03-10
    Routledge
    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • Skepticism in Classical Islam

    Moments of Confusion

    By Paul L. Heck

    The first major treatment of skepticism in Islam, this book explores the critical role of skeptical thinking in the development of theology in Islam. It examines the way key thinkers in classical Islam faced perplexing questions about the nature of God and his relation to the world, all the while…

    Hardback – 2013-11-21
    Routledge
    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • Arabic and Hebrew Love Poems in Al-Andalus

    By Shari Lowin

    Arabic and Hebrew Love Poems in al-Andalus investigates a largely overlooked subset of Muslim and Jewish love poetry in medieval Spain: hetero- and homo-erotic love poems written by Muslim and Jewish religious scholars, in which the lover and his sensual experience of the beloved are compared to…

    Hardback – 2013-10-09
    Routledge
    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • The Qur'an in Christian-Muslim Dialogue

    Historical and Modern Interpretations

    By Corrie Block

    Offering an analysis of Christian-Muslim dialogue across four centuries, this book highlights those voices of ecumenical tone which have more often used the Qur’an for drawing the two faiths together rather than pushing them apart, and amplifies the voice of the Qur’an itself. Finding that there…

    Hardback – 2013-09-26
    Routledge
    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • Religious Scholars and the Umayyads

    Piety-Minded Supporters of the Marwanid Caliphate

    By Steven Judd

    Religious Scholars and the Umayyads analyzes legal and theological developments during the Marwanid period (64/684--132/750), focusing on religious scholars who supported the Umayyads. Their scholarly network extended across several generations and significantly influenced the development of the…

    Hardback – 2013-09-05
    Routledge
    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • The Muslim Conquest of Iberia

    Medieval Arabic Narratives

    By Nicola Clarke

    Medieval Islamic society set great store by the transmission of history: to edify, argue legal points, explain present conditions, offer political and religious legitimacy, and entertain. Modern scholars, too, have had much to say about the usefulness of early Islamic history-writing, although this…

    Paperback – 2013-08-14
    Routledge
    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • Al-Ghazali, Averroes and the Interpretation of the Qur'an

    Common Sense and Philosophy in Islam

    By Avital Wohlman

    This book examines the contrasting interpretations of Islam and the Qur’an by Averroes and Al-Ghazali, as a way of helping us untangle current impasses affecting each Abrahamic faith. This has traditionally been portrayed as a battle between philosophy and theology, but the book shows that Averroes…

    Paperback – 2013-08-07
    Routledge
    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • Mulla Sadra and Metaphysics

    Modulation of Being

    By Sajjad H. Rizvi

    Mulla Sadra is one of the most important Islamic philosophers after Avicenna. In this exploration of his philosophy, Sajjad H. Rizvi examines the central doctrine of the modulation of being, and contextualises his work within the intellectual history of philosophical traditions in the Islamic East.…

    Paperback – 2013-04-25
    Routledge
    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • German Orientalism

    The Study of the Middle East and Islam from 1800 to 1945

    By Ursula Wokoeck

    During the nineteenth century and the first half of the twentieth, German universities were at the forefront of scholarship in Oriental studies. Drawing upon a comprehensive survey of thousands of German publications on the Middle East from this period, this book presents a detailed history of the…

    Paperback – 2013-03-22
    Routledge
    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • Schools of Qur'anic Exegesis

    Genesis and Development

    By Hussein Abdul-Raof

    Qur’anic exegesis has become the battleground of political Islam and theological conflict among various Muslim schools of thought. Using comparative and contrastive methodology, examples from the Qur'an are investigated in the light of various theological views to delineate the birth, development…

    Paperback – 2013-03-15
    Routledge
    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • Eastern Christianity in the Modern Middle East

    Edited by Anthony O'Mahony, Emma Loosley

    The Middle East is the birthplace of Christianity and the home to a number of Eastern Churches with millions of followers. This book provides a comprehensive survey of the various denominations in the modern Middle East and will be of interest to a wide variety of scholars and students studying…

    Paperback – 2013-03-12
    Routledge
    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • Ibn al-Haytham's Theory of Conics, Geometrical Constructions and Practical Geometry

    A History of Arabic Sciences and Mathematics Volume 3

    By Roshdi Rashed

    Theory of Conics, Geometrical Constructions and Practical Geometry: A History of Arabic Sciences and Mathematics Volume 3, provides a unique primary source on the history and philosophy of mathematics and science from the mediaeval Arab world. The present text is complemented by two preceding…

    Hardback – 2013-02-21
    Routledge
    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • Orientalism Revisited

    Art, Land and Voyage

    Edited by Ian Richard Netton

    The publication of Edward Said’s Orientalism in 1978 marks the inception of orientalism as a discourse. Since then, Orientalism has remained highly polemical and has become a widely employed epistemological tool. Three decades on, this volume sets out to survey, analyse and revisit the state of the…

    Paperback – 2012-12-10
    Routledge
    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • Ghazali's Politics in Context

    By Yazeed Said

    Imam Abü Hamid al-Ghazali is perhaps the most celebrated Muslim theologian of medieval Islam yet little attention has been paid to his personal theology. This book sets out to investigate the relationship between law and politics in the writings of Ghazali and aims to establish the extent to which…

    Hardback – 2012-11-29
    Routledge
    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • Islamic Ethics

    Divine Command Theory in Arabo-Islamic Thought

    By Mariam al-Attar

    This book explores philosophical ethics in Arabo-Islamic thought. Examining the meaning, origin and development of "Divine Command Theory", it underscores the philosophical bases of religious fundamentalism that hinder social development and hamper dialogue between different cultures and nations.…

    Paperback – 2012-11-13
    Routledge
    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • Ibn al-Haytham and Analytical Mathematics

    A History of Arabic Sciences and Mathematics Volume 2

    By Roshdi Rashed

    This volume provides a unique primary source on the history and philosophy of mathematics and the exact sciences in the mediaeval Arab world. The second of five comprehensive volumes, this book offers a detailed exploration of Arabic mathematics in the eleventh century as embodied in the legacy of…

    Hardback – 2012-09-04
    Routledge
    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • Comte de Gobineau and Orientalism

    Selected Eastern Writings

    Edited by Geoffrey Nash, Daniel O'Donoghue

    Though known to specialists, Comte de Gobineau’s vital if idiosyncratic contribution to Orientalism has only been accessible to the English reader through secondary sources. Especially important for its portrayal of an esoteric Sufi sect like the Ahl-i Haqq, and its vivid narrative of the Babi…

    Paperback – 2012-06-21
    Routledge
    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • Theological Approaches to Qur'anic Exegesis

    A Practical Comparative-Contrastive Analysis

    By Hussein Abdul-Raof

    This book provides a comprehensive and systematic analysis of the various schools of Qur'anic exegesis, from the earliest periods through to the present day. Employing a comparative-contrastive methodology, the author examines traditional and rational schools of thought – such as the Mu’tazili, Shi…

    Hardback – 2012-03-21
    Routledge
    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • Angels in Islam

    Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti's al-Haba'ik fi akhbar al-mala'ik

    By Stephen Burge

    Angels are a basic tenet of belief in Islam, appearing in various types and genres of text, from eschatology to law and theology to devotional material. This book presents the first comprehensive study of angels in Islam, through an analysis of a collection of traditions (hadith) compiled by the…

    Hardback – 2011-12-14
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    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • Islam and Science

    The Intellectual Career of Nizam al-Din al-Nisaburi

    By Robert Morrison

    In examining the work of eminent fourteenth century Iranian Shiite scholar Nizam al-Din al-Nisaburi, this book is the first rigorous attempt to explain the cross-fertilization of scientific and religious thought in Islamic civilization. Nisaburi did not consider himself a scientist alone,…

    Paperback – 2011-12-02
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    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • Founding Figures and Commentators in Arabic Mathematics

    A History of Arabic Sciences and Mathematics Volume 1

    By Roshdi Rashed

    Edited by Nader El-Bizri

    In this unique insight into the history and philosophy of mathematics and science in the mediaeval Arab world, the eminent scholar Roshdi Rashed illuminates the various historical, textual and epistemic threads that underpinned the history of Arabic mathematical and scientific knowledge up to the…

    Hardback – 2011-10-06
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    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • Christians in Al-Andalus 711-1000

    By Ann Rosemary Christys

    Our current image of the Christian population of al-Andalus after AD711 reflects the way history has been written. The Christians almost disappeared from the historical record as the historians of the conquering Muslims concentrated on the glories of the Ummayads.This book reconsiders, through…

    Paperback – 2011-09-30
    Routledge
    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • Shi'i Theology in Iran

    The Challenge of Religious Experience

    By Ori Goldberg

    Taking a theologically oriented method for engaging with historical and cultural phenomena, this book explores the challenge, offered by revolutionary Shi’i theology in Iran, to Western conventions on theology, revolution and religion’s role in the creation of identity. Offering a stringent…

    Hardback – 2011-09-12
    Routledge
    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • The Formation of Hanbalism

    Piety into Power

    By Nimrod Hurvitz

    Ahmad Ibn Hanbal (d. 855) was the eponymous founder of a school of law, and an influential intellectual who led the Baghdadi masses during the Inquisition. Owing to his status as a jurist, to the religious ideas he propounded and to his model way of life, he is perceived as one of the pivotal…

    Paperback – 2011-04-06
    Routledge
    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • Islam and the Baha'i Faith

    A Comparative Study of Muhammad ‘Abduh and ‘Abdul-Baha ‘Abbas

    By Oliver Scharbrodt

    Muhammad ‘Abduh (1849-1905) was one of the key thinkers and reformers of modern Islam who has influenced both liberal and fundamentalist Muslims today. ‘Abdul-Baha (1844-1921) was the son of Baha’ullah (1817-1892), the founder of the Baha’i Faith; a new religion which began as a messianic movement…

    Paperback – 2011-03-24
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    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • Early Islamic Spain

    The History of Ibn al-Qutiyah

    By David James

    This book is the first published English-language translation of the significant History of Islamic Spain by Ibn al-Qutiya (d. Cordova 367 / 977). Including extensive notes and comments, a genealogical table and relevant maps, the text is preceded by a study of the author and his work, and is the…

    Paperback – 2011-03-14
    Routledge
    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • Folklore and Folklife in the United Arab Emirates

    By Sayyid Hamid Hurriez

    A unique description and analysis of the domains and genres of UAE folklore, including folk customs and beliefs, traditional arts and crafts, folk dances, folk narratives and proverbs. Challenging the established meaning of folklife, this volume also deals with folklore in public life, in the mass…

    Paperback – 2011-02-22
    Routledge
    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • Structure and Meaning in Medieval Arabic and Persian Lyric Poetry

    Orient Pearls

    By Julie Meisami

    This is the first comprehensive and comparative study of compositional and stylistic techniques in medieval Arabic and Persian lyric poetry. Ranging over some seven countries, it deals with works by over thirty poets in the Islamic world from Spain to present-day Afghanistan, and examines how this…

    Paperback – 2011-02-22
    Routledge
    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • Arabic Rhetoric

    A Pragmatic Analysis

    By Hussein Abdul-Raof

    Arabic Rhetoric explores the history, disciplines, order and pragmatic functions of Arabic speech acts. It offers a new understanding of Arabic rhetoric and employs examples from modern standard Arabic as well as providing a glossary of over 448 rhetorical expressions listed in English with their…

    Paperback – 2011-02-22
    Routledge
    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • Arab Representations of the Occident

    East-West Encounters in Arabic Fiction

    By Rasheed El-Enany

    This is one of the first books in English to explore Arab responses to Western culture and values in modern Arab literature. Through in-depth research El-Enany examines the attitudes as expressed mainly through works of fiction written by Arab authors during the twentieth, and, to a lesser extent,…

    Paperback – 2011-02-22
    Routledge
    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • Al-Ghazali and the Qur'an

    One Book, Many Meanings

    By Martin Whittingham

    This book is the first of its kind to focus entirely on the Qur’anic interpretation of Abu Hamid al-Ghazali (1058-1111), a towering figure of Sunni Islam. Martin Whittingham explores both al-Ghazali’s hermeneutical methods and his interpretations of particular Quranic texts, and covers al-Ghazali’s…

    Paperback – 2011-02-22
    Routledge
    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • Ibn ‘Arabî - Time and Cosmology

    By Mohamed Haj Yousef

    This book is the first comprehensive attempt to explain Ibn ‘Arabî’s distinctive view of time and its role in the process of creating the cosmos and its relation with the Creator. By comparing this original view with modern theories of physics and cosmology, Mohamed Haj Yousef constructs a new…

    Paperback – 2011-02-22
    Routledge
    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • God and Humans in Islamic Thought

    Abd al-Jabbar, Ibn Sina and Al-Ghazali

    By Maha Elkaisy-Friemuth

    Winner of The Iranian World Prize for the Book of the Year 2007 in the Philosophy and Mysticism category. This new and original text provides a timely re-examination of Islamic thought, presenting a stark contrast to the more usual conservative view. The explanation of the relationship between God…

    Paperback – 2011-01-25
    Routledge
    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East

  • Muslims and Christians in Norman Sicily

    Arabic-Speakers and the End of Islam

    By Alexander Metcalfe

    The social and linguistic history of medieval Sicily is both intriguing and complex. Before the Muslim invasion of 827, the islanders spoke dialects of either Greek or Latin or both. On the arrival of the Normans around 1060 Arabic was the dominant language, but by 1250 Sicily was an almost…

    Paperback – 2011-01-13
    Routledge
    Culture and Civilization in the Middle East