The Routledge Companion to Women and Monarchy in the Ancient Mediterranean World  book cover
1st Edition

The Routledge Companion to Women and Monarchy in the Ancient Mediterranean World

ISBN 9781138358843
Published November 9, 2020 by Routledge
556 Pages 26 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

This volume offers the first comprehensive look at the role of women in the monarchies of the ancient Mediterranean. It consistently addresses certain issues across all dynasties: title; role in succession; the situation of mothers, wives, and daughters of kings; regnant and co-regnant women; role in cult and in dynastic image; and examines a sampling of the careers of individual women while placing them within broader contexts. Written by an international group of experts, this collection is based on the assumption that women played a fundamental role in ancient monarchy, that they were part of, not apart from it, and that it is necessary to understand their role to understand ancient monarchies. This is a crucial resource for anyone interested in the role of women in antiquity.

Table of Contents

Part I: Women and Monarchy in the Ancient Mediterranean

1. Introduction to thinking about women and monarchy in the ancient world.

Elizabeth D. Carney and Sabine Müller

Part II: Egypt and the Nile Valley

2. The King’s Mother in Old and Middle Kingdoms

Lisa Sabbahy

3. Regnant Women in Egypt

Martina Minas-Nerpal

4. The Image of Nefertiti

Athena Van der Perre

5. The God’s Wife of Amun: Origins and Rise to Power

Mariam F. Ayad

6. The Role and Status of Royal Women in Kush

Angelika Lohwasser

7. Ptolemaic Royal Women

Anne Bielman Sánchez and Giuseppina Lenzo

8. Berenike II

Sabine Müller

9. Royal Women and Ptolemaic Cults

Stefan Pfeiffer

10. Ptolemaic Women’s Patronage of the Arts

Silvia Barbantani

11. The Kleopatra Problem: Roman Sources and a Female Ptolemaic Ruler

Christoph Schäfer

Part III: The Ancient Near East

12. Invisible Mesopotamian Royal Women

Sebastian Fink

13. Achaimenid Women

Maria Brosius

14. Karian Royal Women and the Creation of a Royal Identity

Stephen Ruzicka

15. Seleukid Women

Marek Jan Olbrycht

16. Apama and Stratonike: the first Seleukid basilissai

Gillian Ramsey

17. Seleukid Marriage Alliances

Monica d’Agostini

18. Royal Mothers and Dynastic Power in Attalid Pergamon

Dolores Mirón

19. Hasmonean Women

Julia Wilker

20. Women at the Arsakid Court

Irene Madreiter and Udo Hartmann

21. Women of the Sasanid Dynasty (224-651 CE)

Josef Wiesehöfer

22. Zenobia of Palmyra

Lucinda Dirven

Part IV: Greece and Macedonia

23. "Royal" Women in the Homeric Epics

Johannes Heinrichs

24. Royal Women in Greek Tragedy

Hanna M. Roisman

25. Argead Women

Sabine Müller

26. Women in Antigonid Monarchy

Elizabeth D. Carney

Part V: Commonalities

27. Transitional Royal Women: Kleopatra, sister of Alexander the Great, Adea Eurydike, and Phila

Elizabeth D. Carney

28. Women and Dynasty and the Hellenistic Imperial Courts

Rolf Strootman

29. Royal Brother-Sister marriage, Ptolemaic and otherwise

Sheila L. Ager

30. Jugate Images in Ptolemaic and Julio-Claudian Monarchy

Dimitris Plantzos

Part VI: Rome: Late Republic through Empire

31. Octavia Minor and Patronage

Katrina Moore

32. Livia and the Principate of Augustus and Tiberius

Christiane Kunst

33. Julio-Claudian Imperial women

Francesca Cenerini

34. The Imperial Women from the Flavians to the Severi

Kordula Schnegg

35. Portraiture of Flavian imperial women

Annetta Alexandridis

36. The Faustinas

Stefan Priwitzer

37. Women in the Severan Dynasty

Riccardo Bertolazzi

38. Women in the Family of Constantine

Michaela Dirschlmayer

Part VII: Reception from Antiquity to Present Times

39. Semiramis: Perception and Presentation of Female Power in an Oriental Garb

Brigitte Truschnegg

40. Tanaquil and Tullia in Livy as Roman Caricatures of Greek Mythic and Historic Hellenistic Queens

Judith P. Hallett and Karen Klaiber Hersch

41. Roman Empresses on Screen: an Epic Failure?

Anja Wieber

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Elizabeth D. Carney is Professor of History and Carol K. Brown Scholar in the Humanities, Emerita, at Clemson University, USA. Her focus has been on Macedonian and Hellenistic monarchy and the role of royal women in monarchy, most recently in Molossia. She has written Women and Monarchy in Ancient Macedonia (2000), Olympias, Mother of Alexander the Great (2006), Arsinoë of Egypt and Macedon: A Royal Life (2013), and Eurydice and the Birth of Macedonian Power (2019). Some of her articles dealing with monarchy, with new afterwords, are collected in King and Court in Ancient Macedonia: Rivalry, Treason and Conspiracy (2015).

Sabine Müller is Professor of Ancient History at Marburg University, Germany. Her research focuses on the Persian empire, Argead Macedonia, the Hellenistic empires, Macedonian royal women, Lukian, and reception studies. Her publications include the monographs Das hellenistische Königspaar in der medialen Repräsentation. Ptolemaios II. und Arsinoë II. (2009), Perdikkas II. – Retter Makedoniens (2017), and Alexander der Große. Eroberung – Politik – Rezeption (2019).


"Whilst biographies of individual queens and treatments of their various dynastic families have at last come more into vogue in the new millennium, this is the first book to establish a comprehensive and fully comparative perspective on the royal women of the Ancient East Mediterranean as a larger phenomenon. Elizabeth D. Carney and Sabine Müller have assembled an international team of contributors from leading scholars in their sundry fields. These now supply authoritative accounts of the different dynasties and of the more prominent individual figures amongst them, whilst adopting an admirably diverse series of intellectual approaches…. The volume is presented in an open and engaging style that renders it not only useful for specialists but also accessible and interesting for undergraduates and general readers." - Daniel Ogden, University of Exeter, UK

"The work will be the first comprehensive treatment of ancient royal women and their role in the ancient Mediterranean. Especially welcome is the inclusion of such states as Caria, Kush, Palmyra, and the Parthians, which are often ignored in such works. Second, and equally important, the analysis of royal women is firmly located in the context of the institution of monarchy with a clear recognition of the varied forms monarchy took in the ancient Mediterranean world. The editors have assembled an excellent team of authors, which ensures that the chapters will be of high quality… This is an excellent project, and the resulting volume will be a valuable contribution to scholarship on ancient Mediterranean monarchy." - Stanley M. Burstein, California State University, Los Angeles, USA