Batch Distillation: Simulation, Optimal Design, and Control, Second Edition, 2nd Edition (Paperback) book cover

Batch Distillation

Simulation, Optimal Design, and Control, Second Edition, 2nd Edition

By Urmila Diwekar

CRC Press

400 pages | 149 B/W Illus.

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Most available books in chemical engineering mainly pertain to continuous processes, with batch distillation relegated to a small section. Filling this void in the chemical engineering literature, Batch Distillation: Simulation, Optimal Design, and Control, Second Edition helps readers gain a solid, hands-on background in batch processing. The second edition of this bestseller explores numerous new developments in batch distillation that have emerged since the publication of the first edition.

New to the Second Edition

  • Special sections on complex column configurations and azeotropic, extractive, and reactive distillation
  • A chapter on various kinds of uncertainties in batch distillation
  • A chapter covering software packages for batch distillation simulation, design, optimization, and control
  • Separate chapters on complex columns and complex systems
  • Up-to-date references and coverage of recent research articles

This edition continues to explain how to effectively design, synthesize, and make operations decisions related to batch processes. Through careful treatments of uncertainty analysis, optimization, and optimal control methods, the author gives readers the necessary tools for making the best decisions in practice.

While primarily designed for a graduate course in batch distillation, the text can also be used in undergraduate chemical engineering courses. In addition, researchers and academics faced with batch distillation research problems and practicing chemical engineers tackling problems in actual day-to-day operations will find the book to be a useful reference source.

Table of Contents


Simple Distillation

Why Batch Distillation?

Basic Modes of Operation

Theoretical Analysis

Constant Reflux

Variable Reflux

Optimal Reflux

Column Dynamics

Governing Equations

Error and Stability

Numerical Integration Techniques

Solution of Column Dynamics

Simplified Models

The Need for Simplification

Shortcut Method

Modified Shortcut Method

Collocation-Based Model

Hierarchy of Models and BATCH-DIST


Objective Functions

Degrees of Freedom Analysis

Feasibility Considerations

Problem Solution

Complex Columns

Inverted Column

Middle Vessel Column


Complex Systems

Azeotropic Systems

Extractive Distillation

Reactive Distillation

Batch Distillation Control

Optimal Control in Batch Distillation

Closed-Loop Control

Consideration of Uncertainty

Static Uncertainties and Stochastic Modeling

Optimization under Uncertainty

Uncertainty in Batch Distillation

Optimal Control under Uncertainty

Batch Distillation Software Programs

CHEMCAD Batch Distillation


BPRC: MultiBatchDS

Comparison of Software Packages


About the Author

Urmila Diwekar is the president and founder of the Vishwamitra Research Institute, a non-profit research organization that develops methods, algorithms, and approaches for rapid, reliable, and robust multiple objective optimal decision making under uncertainty. She was previously a professor at the University of Illinois at Chicago and Carnegie Mellon University. Dr. Diwekar has authored more than 120 peer-reviewed papers and is a fellow of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers and the American Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Industrial & Technical