Batch Distillation : Simulation, Optimal Design, and Control, Second Edition book cover
2nd Edition

Batch Distillation
Simulation, Optimal Design, and Control, Second Edition

ISBN 9781138073173
Published March 29, 2017 by CRC Press
400 Pages 149 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Most available books in chemical engineering mainly pertain to continuous processes, with batch distillation relegated to a small section. Filling this void in the chemical engineering literature, Batch Distillation: Simulation, Optimal Design, and Control, Second Edition helps readers gain a solid, hands-on background in batch processing. The second edition of this bestseller explores numerous new developments in batch distillation that have emerged since the publication of the first edition.

New to the Second Edition

  • Special sections on complex column configurations and azeotropic, extractive, and reactive distillation
  • A chapter on various kinds of uncertainties in batch distillation
  • A chapter covering software packages for batch distillation simulation, design, optimization, and control
  • Separate chapters on complex columns and complex systems
  • Up-to-date references and coverage of recent research articles

This edition continues to explain how to effectively design, synthesize, and make operations decisions related to batch processes. Through careful treatments of uncertainty analysis, optimization, and optimal control methods, the author gives readers the necessary tools for making the best decisions in practice.

While primarily designed for a graduate course in batch distillation, the text can also be used in undergraduate chemical engineering courses. In addition, researchers and academics faced with batch distillation research problems and practicing chemical engineers tackling problems in actual day-to-day operations will find the book to be a useful reference source.

Table of Contents

Simple Distillation
Why Batch Distillation?

Basic Modes of Operation
Theoretical Analysis
Constant Reflux
Variable Reflux
Optimal Reflux

Column Dynamics
Governing Equations
Error and Stability
Numerical Integration Techniques
Solution of Column Dynamics

Simplified Models
The Need for Simplification
Shortcut Method
Modified Shortcut Method
Collocation-Based Model
Hierarchy of Models and BATCH-DIST

Objective Functions
Degrees of Freedom Analysis
Feasibility Considerations
Problem Solution

Complex Columns
Inverted Column
Middle Vessel Column

Complex Systems
Azeotropic Systems
Extractive Distillation
Reactive Distillation

Batch Distillation Control
Optimal Control in Batch Distillation
Closed-Loop Control

Consideration of Uncertainty
Static Uncertainties and Stochastic Modeling
Optimization under Uncertainty
Uncertainty in Batch Distillation
Optimal Control under Uncertainty

Batch Distillation Software Programs
CHEMCAD Batch Distillation
BPRC: MultiBatchDS
Comparison of Software Packages


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Urmila Diwekar is the president and founder of the Vishwamitra Research Institute, a non-profit research organization that develops methods, algorithms, and approaches for rapid, reliable, and robust multiple objective optimal decision making under uncertainty. She was previously a professor at the University of Illinois at Chicago and Carnegie Mellon University. Dr. Diwekar has authored more than 120 peer-reviewed papers and is a fellow of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers and the American Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering.