Einstein: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover


1st Edition

By Thomas Ryckman


406 pages

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Albert Einstein (1879–1955) was the most influential physicist of the 20th century. Less well known is that fundamental philosophical problems, such as concept formation, the role of epistemology in developing and explaining the character of physical theories, and the debate between positivism and realism, played a central role in his thought as a whole.

Thomas Ryckman shows that already at the beginning of his career - at a time when the twin pillars of classical physics, Newtonian mechanics and Maxwell’s electromagnetism were known to have but limited validity - Einstein sought to advance physical theory by positing certain physical principles as secure footholds. That philosophy produced his greatest triumph, the general theory of relativity, and his greatest failure, an unwillingness to accept quantum mechanics. This book shows that Einstein’s philosophy grew from a lifelong aspiration for a unified theoretical representation encompassing all physical phenomena. It also considers how Einstein’s theories of relativity and criticisms of quantum theory shaped the course of 20th-century philosophy of science.

Including a chronology, glossary, chapter summaries, and suggestions for further reading, Einstein is an ideal introduction to this iconic figure in 20th-century science and philosophy. It is essential reading for students of philosophy of science, and is also suitable for those working in related areas such as physics, history of science, or intellectual history.


"In this well-written and thoroughly researched book, Thomas Ryckman presents Albert Einstein as both a physicist and a philosopher. The discussion of Einstein's often neglected work in statistical mechanics and the brilliant description of the famous Bohr-Einstein debates are the best I've seen anywhere. I learned a lot from this book, and you will too." - James Trefil, George Mason University, USA

"Ryckman’s book is a thoroughly researched and very clearly presented guide to Einstein's evolving philosophy of science. It offers illuminating insights into how Einstein constantly reformulated his philosophical views about science in the light of the revolutionary developments within theoretical physics itself." - Lawrence Sklar, University of Michigan, USA

"A masterful book. Ryckman discusses how Einstein’s philosophical positions were forged in his struggle with classical physics, relativity and quantum theory. He describes the history and philosophical significance of these struggles in a way that is accessible to students of philosophy without a background in physics, yet stays away from oversimplifications. I can only marvel at how Ryckman achieved this feat!" - Dennis Lehmkuhl, California Institute of Technology, USA

Table of Contents



1. Life and Works

Part 1: Quantum theory

2. On the road to Planck 1900

3. Contributions to the old quantum theory

4. Quantum mechanics

Part 2: Relativity

5. Special relativity

6. General relativity

Part 3: Geometry and philosophy

7. Geometry and experience

8. Philosophy of science – realism

9. Philosophy of science – constructivism

10. Philosophy of science – rationalism

11. Influence and Legacy



About the Author

Thomas Ryckman is Professor of Philosophy at Stanford University, USA. He is author of The Reign of Relativity: Philosophy in Physics 1915–1925 (2005).

About the Series

The Routledge Philosophers

Routledge Philosophers is a major series of introductions to the great Western philosophers. Each book places a major philosopher or thinker in historical context, explains and assesses their key arguments, and considers their legacy. Additional features include a chronology of major dates and events, chapter summaries, annotated suggestions for further reading and a glossary of technical terms.

An ideal starting point for those new to philosophy, they are also essential reading for those interested in the subject at any level.

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
PHILOSOPHY / History & Surveys / Modern
SCIENCE / Physics