Fluid Mechanics: An Intermediate Approach, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Fluid Mechanics

An Intermediate Approach, 1st Edition

By Bijay Sultanian

CRC Press

580 pages | 262 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2015-07-28
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Description

Fluid Mechanics: An Intermediate Approach addresses the problems facing engineers today by taking on practical, rather than theoretical problems. Instead of following an approach that focuses on mathematics first, this book allows you to develop an intuitive physical understanding of various fluid flows, including internal compressible flows with simultaneous area change, friction, heat transfer, and rotation. Drawing on over 40 years of industry and teaching experience, the author emphasizes physics-based analyses and quantitative predictions needed in the state-of-the-art thermofluids research and industrial design applications. Numerous worked-out examples and illustrations are used in the book to demonstrate various problem-solving techniques.

The book covers compressible flow with rotation,Fanno flows, Rayleigh flows, isothermal flows, normal shocks, and oblique shocks; Bernoulli, Euler, and Navier-Stokes equations; boundary layers; and flow separation.

  • Includes two value-added chapters on special topics that reflect the state of the art in design applications of fluid mechanics
  • Contains a value-added chapter on incompressible and compressible flow network modeling and robust solution methods not found in any leading book in fluid mechanics
  • Gives an overview of CFD technology and turbulence modeling without its comprehensive mathematical details
  • Provides an exceptional review and reinforcement of the physics-based understanding of incompressible and compressible flows with many worked-out examples and problems from real-world fluids engineering applications

Fluid Mechanics: An Intermediate Approach uniquely aids in the intuitive understanding of various fluid flows for their physics-based analyses and quantitative predictions needed in the state-of-the-art thermofluids research and industrial design applications.

Reviews

"… addresses a series of topics in this book, that are often left to more advanced courses or not covered at all at university. … this book is recommended to students undertaking advanced topics in engineering fluid mechanics as well as practicing engineers who find they need something that goes beyond the treatment found in introductory text.

—Professor Peter Childs, Head of School, Dyson School of Design Engineering, Imperial College London

"The Table of Contents demonstrates that the topics here considered cover the arguments of at least two courses at M. Sc. Level. … The arguments were treated in a proper way and clearly explained. … I particularly appreciated presence of a chapter on Flow Network Modelling, which is usually treated in M.Sc. courses using very crude assumptions. I think that this book can be used in many Universities throughout the world. I am thinking to include parts of the arguments in my course Computational Thermo-Fluids Analysis in Fluid Machinery, for M.Sc. students in Mechanical Engineering and Energy Engineering."

—Domenico Borello, Dipartimento di Ingegneria Meccanica e Aerospaziale, Sapienza Università di Roma, Italy

"Bijay Sultanian has brought together in one well written book the necessary material an engineer needs to know to be able to design and analyze fluid machinery."

—Ameri, The Ohio State University

"This new volume offers excellent intermediate course material in fluid mechanics. The coverage, example problems, and material are carefully designed to guide students through challenging concepts for a variety of subject areas. I highly recommend this text."

—Phil Ligrani, Eminent Scholar in Propulsion, University of Alabama in Huntsville

Table of Contents

Kinematics of Fluid Flow

Introduction

What is a Fluid?

Streamline, Pathline, and Streakline

Conservation Principles for a Material Region

Basic Analysis Techniques

Some Interesting Flows

Properties of Velocity Field

Concluding Remarks

Problems

References

Nomenclature

Key Concepts of Thermofluids

Introduction

Pressure

Temperature

Internal Energy, Enthalpy, and Entropy

Stream Thrust

Rothalpy

Concluding Remarks

Problems

Bibliography

Nomenclature

Control Volume Analysis

Introduction

Lagrangian versus Eulerian Approach

Reynolds Transport Theorem

Integral Mass Conservation Equation

Differential Mass Conservation Equation

Linear Momentum Equation in Inertial Reference Frame

Linear Momentum Equation in Non-Inertial Reference Frame

Angular Momentum Equation in Inertial and Non-Inertial Reference Frames

Energy Conservation Equation

Entropy Equation

Concluding Remarks

Problems

Bibliography

Nomenclature

Bernoulli Equation

Introduction

Original Bernoulli Equation

Extended Bernoulli Equation

Concluding Remarks

Problems

References

Bibliography

Nomenclature

Compressible Flow

Introduction

Classification of Compressible Flows

Compressible Flow Functions

Variable-Area Duct Flow with Friction, Heat Transfer, and Rotation

Isentropic Flow in a Variable-Area Duct

Isentropic Flow in a Constant-Area Duct with Rotation

Isentropic Flow in a Variable-Area Duct with Rotation

Fanno Flow

Rayleigh Flow

Isothermal Constant-Area Flow with Friction

Normal Shock

Oblique Shock

Prandtl–Meyer Flow

Operation of Nozzles and Diffusers

Concluding Remarks

Problems

References

Bibliography

Nomenclature

Potential Flow

Introduction

Basic Concepts

Elementary Plane Potential Flows

Superposition of Two or More Plane Potential Flows

Force and Moment on a Body in Plane Potential Flows

Conformal Transformation

Concluding Remarks

Problems

References

Bibliography

Nomenclature

Navier–Stokes Equations: Exact Solutions

Introduction

Forces on a Fluid Element

Deformation Rate Tensor

Differential Forms of the Equations of Motion

Navier–Stokes Equations

Exact Solutions

Navier–Stokes Equations in Terms of Vorticity and Stream Function

Slow Flow

Concluding Remarks

Problems

References

Bibliography

Nomenclature

Boundary Layer Flow

Introduction

Description of a Boundary Layer

Differential Boundary Layer Equations

Von Karman Momentum Integral Equation

Laminar Boundary Layer on a Flat Plate

Laminar Boundary Layer in Wedge Flows

Boundary Layer Separation

Concluding Remarks

Problems

References

Nomenclature

Flow Network Modeling

Introduction

Anatomy of a Flow Network

Physics-Based Modeling

Incompressible Flow Network

Compressible Flow Network

Flow Network Solution

Concluding Remarks

References

Bibliography

Nomenclature

Turbulent Flow Computational Fluid Dynamics: An Industrial Overview

Introduction

Industrial Analysis and Design Systems

CFD Technology Used in Various Industries

CFD Methodology

Common Form of Governing Conservation Equations

Physics of Turbulence

Turbulence Modeling

Boundary Conditions

Choice of a Turbulence Model

Illustrative Design Applications of CFD Technology

Physics-Based Post-Processing of CFD Results

Concluding Remarks

References

Bibliography

Nomenclature

Appendices

Compressible Flow Equations and Tables

Analytical Solution of Coupled Heat Transfer and Work Transfer in a Rotating Duct Flow

Temperature and Pressure Changes in Isentropic Free and Forced Vortices

Converting Quantities between Stator and Rotor Reference Frames

Vorticity and Circulation

Review of Necessary Mathematics

Suggested Project Problems

About the Author

Dr. Bijay (BJ) K. Sultanian is a recognized international authority in thermofluids and computational fluid dynamics (CFD). He is the founder and managing member of Takaniki Communications, LLC, and an adjunct professor at the University of Central Florida, where he teaches graduate-level courses in turbomachinery and fluid mechanics. For nearly half of his 40+ year career, he worked at GE and Siemens. Sultanian received his BSME from IIT Kanpur and MSME from IIT Madras. He received his PhD in mechanical engineering from Arizona State University, Tempe, and MBA from the Lally School of Management and Technology at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC009070
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Mechanical