1st Edition

Grassroots Development Initiatives in India Rights Based Approach to Development and Advocacy

By Sampat Kale Copyright 2024

    This book examines how the voluntary organisations engaged with development programmes work with the approach of conscientisation to empower Adivasis. Their work has been instrumental in making government machinery pro-poor by implementing development programmes with greater transparency and accountability. Conscientisation of Adivasis by voluntary organisations through their educative role has resulted in the advancement of their lives and the emergence of autonomous leadership.

    The study concludes that the ideological base of the founders of the organisations made the Adivasis independent and self-supportive for their development from their earlier status of servitude through initiating and accomplishing the task of conscientisation.

    This title is co-published with Aakar Books. Print editions not for sale in South Asia (India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Bhutan)

    List of Tables

    List of Illustrations

    List of Maps



    1. Development Initiatives: Theoretical Framework

    2. Research Methodology

    3. The Socio-economic Profile of the Members of the Organisations

    4. Impact of Rights Based Approach to Development and Advocacy

    5. Conscientisation and Development


    Appendix I: Campaign for the Release of Bonded Labourers from Thane District

    Appendix II: Developmental Programmes for the Freedom Bonded Labourers

    Appendix III: Members’ Savings Accounts and Joint Property Records

    Appendix IV: Advocacy Efforts for the Policy Change



    Sampat Kale is Assistant Professor at the School of Rural Development, Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Tuljapur. He was visiting Faculty at Karachi-Pakistan and Stockholm-Sweden.