This book provides a comprehensive and up-to-date analysis of the complex conflict situation in Kashmir. Through an internal perspective, it charts the shift in the Kashmiri response towards the Centre and offers a detailed examination of the background in which separatist politics took roots in Kashmir, and the way it changed its nature in the militancy and post-militancy period. The volume shows how separatism and armed militancy, as manifest in the Valley in the late 1980s, (though augmented by external factors) have been internal responses to the changing nature of Kashmiri identity politics. It explores how the ideas central to Indian nationalist politics — especially democracy and secularism — echoed in Kashmir and were instrumental in dismantling the feudal structure and negotiating an autonomous space within the framework of asymmetrical federalism.
Seamlessly blending facts and incisive analyses, this book raises new questions about the nature of conflict and contestation in the region. It will be of great interest to researchers and scholars of Indian politics, especially on Jammu and Kashmir, and sociology, as well as government bodies, think tanks and the interested general reader.
Foreword by Manoranjan Mohanty. Introduction Part 1: Conflict in Kashmir: Background Factors 1. Identity Politics of Kashmir 2. Background to Armed Militancy and Separatism: Failure of Democratic Politics in Kashmir 3. Federal Logic, Nationalism and Kashmir Conflict 4. Political Economy of Kashmiri Identity Politics Part 2: Militancy and the Politics of Separatism 5. Separatist Space and Politics of Separatism before 1989 6. Militancy and Separatism 7. Democracy in the Context of Separatism Part III: Locating Conflict in Kashmir within the larger context of J&K 8. Beyond Kashmir: Social Diversity and Political Divergence in Jammu & Kashmir 9. Jammu as a Factor in Kashmir Conflict 10. Multiple Dimensions of Conflict Part 4: Conflict Resolution 11. Peace Process. Postscript