This textbook aims to ensure that advances in medical textiles are addressed and that recent developments are able to be appreciated and understood not only by medical practitioners and healthcare personnel but also by textile scientists and technologists. The idea is to stimulate collaborative research and development in the field of medical textiles and to equip researchers with an understanding of the steps they need to take to ensure that their efforts, be they to develop new devices for implantation or items for external application, are carried out in such a way as to improve their effectiveness and enhance the prospects for their implementation. Attention is drawn to the need to improve outcomes in the practical setting and to guidance on the detailed planning required prior to engaging in experimental work. Standard tests can help researchers to monitor performance, but for some important applications such as those required to demonstrate antimicrobial and fluid-repellent performance in most items of protective wear, standard tests consistently fall seriously short in terms of predicting how well they might work in the practical setting. Guidance is therefore given for their further development.
Chapters within the textbook cover:
- The history of innovation within medical textiles with particular attention given to key concepts of the latter part of the 19th Century and subsequent associated developments.
- Textile and polymer science underpinning fibres, fabrics, nano-fibre technology and the functional finishes that can be applied to enhance the performance of medical textile products.
- Woven, knitted, nonwoven and braided fabrics and the key performance characteristics of each fabric type which make them particularly suited to specific medical textile roles such as mesh, grafts, filtration and scaffolds for tissue engineering.
- Implantable medical textiles, non-implantable medical textiles, health and hygiene products and extracorporeal devices that use textile products.
- Legislative requirements for medical devices.
- The design of experiments and suitability for purpose of textile test methods.
- Case studies to illustrate how medical textiles are applied in practice.
The book provides essential reading for textile professionals, biomedical engineers, and others involved in the research, design and engineering of medical and healthcare appliances, and for those employed in the medical profession wishing to gain new insights into the wealth of materials at their disposal.
Chapter 1 Introduction
Chapter 2 The Development of Textiles in Medicine and the Healthcare Environment over Time
Chapter 3 Textile Materials for Healthcare and Medical Applications
Chapter 4 Fibre Types and the Polymers Used in Medical Textiles
Chapter 5 Medical Textiles: Finishing
Chapter 6 Ensuring Regulatory Compliance
Peter J. Ogrodnik
Chapter 7 Implantable Medical Textiles
Chapter 8 Non-implantable Medical Textiles
Chapter 9 Healthcare, Hygiene, and Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Chapter 10 Extracorporeal Devices
Chapter 11 Intelligent (SMART) Medical and Healthcare Textiles
Simon King and Holly Morris
Chapter 12 Case Studies
Chapter 13 Medical Textiles: The State of the Art
"Holly Morris and Richard Murray have used their specialist and up to date knowledge, on their clearly well researched book entitled Medical Textiles. The book crosses many subject disciplines, including the History of Textiles, the Science/Chemistry and Engineering principles of Textiles, as well as focusing on emerging and innovative developments in the Textile World; including pathological resistance and materials sustainability. The Book has many potential cross application principles to other industry sectors, such as the Beauty/Leisure and Care Industries; where the principles applied in this book will assist in the research and development. Such technology will also benefit countries which are impacted by reduced water availability and assist with improved sustainability."
—Penelope Jane Dawson Malone, Chartered Environmental Health Practitioner-CMCIEH, Industry Fellow of Salford University and Public Health Lead for Keele University, Occupational Safety Health Registered Consultant(OSHRC)
"…the definitive and best available conclusive text on medical textiles. Textile use and deployment in the medical setting is often poorly understood by end users. The current battle to produce pathogen resistant materials, while offering a sustainable solution to the waste currently generated in healthcare will be strengthened by this textbook which offers a systematic review of the topic in a digestible format. This is a fantastic resource which those of us in the surgical community without a background in textiles will benefit from hugely."
—Rupert Wharton (BM, BSc, FRCS (Tr and Orth), Post CCT Fellow, Upper Limb Unit, Wrightington Hospital, UK
"This exclusive and up-to-date treatise on Medical Textiles is an extremely valuable resource for medical practitioners, textile professionals as well as healthcare policy makers. The book thoroughly illustrates the history as well as state of the art in the applications of textiles in medicine and healthcare environment. It has comprehensively covered different types of medical textiles, including implantable, non-implantable, extracorporeal, personal hygiene, protection, and the cutting-edge intelligent healthcare textiles. With deep insights into the raw materials and manufacturing technologies used for making medical textile, along with case studies of real-world applications, this book is an essential text for all those involved in research, development, manufacturing or application of medical textiles in the healthcare industry."
—Tanveer Hussain, PhD, Professor of Textile Engineering, Rector, National Textile University, Pakistan