Principles of Fire Behavior: 2nd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Principles of Fire Behavior

2nd Edition

By James G. Quintiere

CRC Press

413 pages | 25 Color Illus. | 212 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2016-08-24
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Description

This text covers the four forms of fire: diffusion flames, smoldering, spontaneous combustion, and premixed flames. Using a quantitative approach, the text introduces the scientific principles of fire behavior, with coverage of heat transfer, ignition, flame spread, fire plumes, and heat flux as a damage variable. Cases, examples, problems, selected color illustrations and review of mathematics help students in fire safety and investigation understand fire from a scientific point of view.

Reviews

"Principles of Fire Behavior is, by far, the best text on the subject for my students. While the material is difficult, my students complete the course having gained a deep, quantitative understanding of fire dynamics. They have the ability to communicate in the "language" of fire with other fire protection professionals - something that many of them would never have had the opportunity to achieve without studying this book."

— Glenn Corbett, John Jay College, CUNY, New York, New York, USA

"Dr.Quintiere has done a great job in expanding and updating the 2nd Edition of the Principles of Fire Behavior book. In the last couple of years, the field of fire science and research has expanded the focus from the laboratory to the fire scene giving emergency responders a better understanding of today’s fires with the goal of minimizing losses and increasing safety. This book is an essential reference for engineers, architects and emergency responders in the field of fire and life safety."

— Todd Haines, Planning Chief/Fire Protection Engineer, Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport; Adjunct Professor, Kaplan University; Principal Consultant, Critical Risk Group LLC, USA

"This second edition by Prof. Quintiere provides a very thorough coverage of fire science with several enhancements over the first edition. This new edition will without a doubt become an important textbook both for students and practitioners of fire safety and process safety management. This book is particularly well documented and includes extensive historical examples. The scientific presentation of fire and combustion science is comprehensive."

— Jacques Dugué, TOTAL Refining & Chemicals

Table of Contents

Acronyms

Nomenclature

Evolution of Fire Science

Learning Objectives

Introduction

What is Fire?

Natural Causes of Fire

Fire and War

Fire in the United States and Abroad

Fire Research

Visualization of Fire Phenomena

Scientific Language

Summary

Review Questions

Activities

References

Combustion in Natural Fires

Learning Objectives

Introduction

Fire and its Ingredients

Diffusion Flames

Premixed Flames

Smoldering

Spontaneous Combustion

Summary

Review Questions

Activities

References

Heat Transfer

Learning Objectives

Introduction

Definitions and Concepts

Forms of Heat Transfer

Heat Flux as an Indication of Damage

Heat Flux due to Smoke in Room Fires

Heat Flux from Flames

Review Questions

Activities

References

Ignition

Learning Objectives

Introduction

Piloted Ignition and Autoignition

Evaporation in Liquids

Liquid Fuels

Solid Fuels

Time for Flaming Ignition

Predicting the Ignition Time for Solid Fuels

Solid Properties for Piloted Ignition

Summary

Review Questions

Activities

References

Flame Spread

Learning Objectives

Introduction

Definitions

General Flame Spread Theory

Spread on Solid Surfaces

Spread through Porous Solid Arrays

Spread on Liquids

Spread through a Dwelling

Typical Fire Spread Rates

Standard Test Methods

Case Study: Fire Spread in a School Gymnasium

Summary

Review Questions

Activities

References

Burning Rate

Learning Objectives

Introduction

Definitions and Theory

Estimating Burning Rate Flux

Energy Release Rate Q

Estimating Energy Release Rate

Experimental Firepower (HRR) Results for Selected Items

Fire Growth Rate

Vehicle Fire Behavior

Extinction

Summary

Review Questions

Activities

References

Fire Plumes

Learning Objectives

Introduction

Buoyancy and Fluid Dynamics

Turbulent Fire Plumes and Jets

Buoyant Plumes

Flame Height

Fire Plume Temperatures

Flame Lengths for Other Configurations

Whirls and Balls

Summary

Review Questions

Activities

References

Combustion Products

Learning Objectives

Introduction

Scope of Combustion Products

Yields

Concentrations

Hazards

Summary

Review Questions

Activities

References

Compartment Fires

Learning Objectives

Introduction

Stages of Fire Development

Fire-Induced Flows

Compartment Flow Dynamics

Smoke Movement in a Building

Single Room Fire Analyses

Anatomy of Fire Growth

Summary

Review Questions

Activities

References

Design, Investigation, and Case Studies

Learning Objectives

Introduction

Fire Safety Design

Fire Investigation

Patterns

Computerized Fire Models

Appendix: Mathematics of Science

Glossary

Index

About the Author

Dr. James Quintiere received his PhD from New York University in 1970, and is currently Professor Emeritus, Department of Fire Protection, at the University of Maryland in College Park. He has over thirty years of experience in fire research and teaching, and has written the popular textbook PRINCIPLES OF FIRE BEHAVIOR, and co-authored ENCLOSURE FIRE DYNAMICS with Bjorn Karlsson. He has investigated numerous fire disasters, including the Branch Davidian Compound fire in Waco, Texas, and the 1986 New Year’s Eve DuPont Plaza fire in Puerto Rico. His testimony during the civil trial on the Waco tragedy was pivotal to the jury’s conclusion that the fires were not the result of federal authorities’ actions. Dr. Quintiere is the author of more than 75 journal publications and reports, and is the past chair, International Association for Fire Safety Science. He is also the recipient of the Department of Commerce Bronze Medal (1976) and Silver Medal (1982).

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
LAW041000
LAW / Forensic Science
SCI065000
SCIENCE / Mechanics / Dynamics / Thermodynamics
TEC009070
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Mechanical