The Military Balance has been published since 1959. The 2024 edition provides an open-source assessment of the armed forces and equipment inventories of over 170 countries, with accompanying defence economics data. In addition to detailed country data, The Military Balance assesses, region-by-region, important military issues. It includes graphics to illustrate defence personnel, equipment, and procurement developments. The 65th edition examines emerging lessons from Russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine, details Chinese military activity around Taiwan, and identifies developments in uninhabited aerial vehicle exports. The accompanying wallchart spotlights the important issues around critical national infrastructure in the Euro-Atlantic. The book draws on the breadth of data in the Military Balance+ online database. The Military Balance and Military Balance+ are indispensable sources of information for those involved in defence and security policymaking, analysis, and research.

    Indexes of Tables, Figures and Maps

    Editor’s Introduction

    Part One: Capabilities, Trends and Economics

    Chapter 1 Defence and military analysis

    Chapter 2 North America

    Chapter 3 Europe

    Chapter 4 Russia and Eurasia

    Chapter 5 Asia

    Chapter 6 Middle East and North Africa

    Chapter 7 Latin America and the Caribbean

    Chapter 8 Sub-Saharan Africa

    Part Two: Reference

    Explanatory notes

    List of abbreviations for data sections

    International comparisons of defence expenditure and military personnel

    Index of country/territory abbreviations

    Index of countries and territories


    The International Institute for Strategic Studies is an independent centre for research, information and debate on the problems of conflict, however caused, that have, or potentially have, an important military content. The staff of the Institute is international in composition and IISS work is international in its perspective and reach. The Institute is independent and stresses rigorous fact-based research with a forward-looking policy orientation that can improve wider public understanding of international security problems and influence the development of sounder public policy, and more effective business decisions in the international arena.