1st Edition

Women in the Budapest School of Psychoanalysis Girls of Tomorrow

By Anna Borgos Copyright 2021
    214 Pages 22 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    214 Pages 22 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This book explores the life, scholarly oeuvre and intellectual connections of the significant "first generation" Hungarian female psychoanalysts, situating their lives within the wider context of social history and the history of psychoanalysis.

    Budapest was one of the main centres of psychoanalysis in the early 20th century – in a period which was also central regarding women’s changing roles and possibilities. Favourable social circumstances met a new, freshly developing profession’s need for receptive followers regardless of their sex. This book shines a light on the social and professional factors on the life and work of these first women psychoanalysts, examining documentary evidence of their lives and drawing upon the literature of psychoanalysis, social history, and gender studies. Through their life stories, not only the history of psychoanalysis, but also the processes of 20th-century women’s history and social-political developments in Hungary and the region can be reconstructed. Key psychoanalysts explored include Lilly Hajdu, Edit Gyömrői, Alice Bálint, Vilma Kovács, Lillián Rotter and twelve further women analysts.

    This important book will be of interest to researchers in gender studies, the history of psychoanalysis, women’s and gender history, and Eastern European history.

    Preface and Acknowledgements

    Chapter One: Psychoanalysis in Hungary

    Chapter Two: Women in the Budapest School of Psychoanalysis

    Chapter Three: From the Galileo Circle to the Pavlov Committee: Lilly Hajdu

    Chapter Four: Against the Current: Edit Gyömrői

    Chapter Five: Attachment and a Sense of Reality: Alice Bálint

    Chapter Six: The "Guardian Angel" of Hungarian Psychoanalysis: Vilma Kovács

    Chapter Seven: Child Development and Female Sexuality: Lillián Rotter

    Chapter Eight: A Promising Talent: Erzsébet Kardos

    Chapter Nine: Further Portraits

    Erzsébet Révész

    Kata Lévy

    Alice Hermann

    Margit Dubovitz

    Fanny Hann

    Lucy Liebermann

    Klára G. Lázár

    Therese Benedek

    Margaret Mahler

    Barbara Lantos

    Júlia Mannheim

    Chapter Ten: Conclusions


    Anna Borgos is a psychologist and women’s historian, working as a research fellow in the Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience and Psychology, Budapest. She holds a PhD in psychology from the University of Pécs. She is the editor in chief of the Hungarian psychoanalytic journal, Imágó Budapest. She has published several books and articles in Hungarian women’s history, mostly connecting to literature, psychoanalysis and sexuality. Most recently she co-edited a volume with Ferenc Erős and Júlia Gyimesi, Psychology and Politics: Intersections of Science and Ideology in the History of Psy-Sciences (2019).